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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa to Namibia.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FWTA]

Tiliaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
An undershrub, 2–5 ft.
Morphology General Indumentum
More or less tomentose all over
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers yellow.

[FZ]

Tiliaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Small shrub occasionally up to 3 m. tall; branches with a brown woolly indumentum.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina 5–12 × 2·5–7 cm., ovate or lanceolate-ovate, sometimes slightly 3-lobed, acute at the apex, margin irregularly serrate, cordate or sub-cordate at the base, greyish-brown-tomentose, more densely so beneath; petiole up to 6 cm. long, woolly; stipules c. 7 mm. long, linear-lanceolate, densely pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences leafy, with the leaves narrower than the cauline ones and progressively smaller upwards, of small cymes crowded at the nodes; peduncles of cymes and pedicels very short, c. 2 mm. long or less, densely pilose or tomentose; bracts 3–4 mm. long, linear, tomentose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4·5–8·5 mm. long, linear, pubescent outside towards the base and tomentose towards the apex; subapical horn 0·2–0·5 mm. long, densely stellate-pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals yellow, 4–7 mm. long, linear-oblanceolate, rounded at the apex, villous at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androgynophore
Androgynophore 0·5 mm. long, with suborbicular glands; annulus densely ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 8–10; filaments 6–7 mm. long; ovary 4-locular, globose, densely setose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 1–1·5 cm. in diam. including the aculei; aculei numerous, pilose with simple hairs or almost glabrous and with the terminal setae single, straight or slightly curved.

[FTEA]

Tiliaceae, C. Whitehouse, M. Cheek, S. Andrews & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Shrub (0.5–)1–3 m high; stems erect, 3.5–7 mm diameter, thickly covered in a pale brown downy tomentum of largely stellate hairs (easily scraped away by a fingernail).
Morphology Leaves
Leaves usually discolorous, oblong to ovate, the lowest slightly 3-lobed, 5.5–12.5 cm long, 2.5–9.5 cm wide, apex acute to subacuminate, central lobe ± 3 cm long, lateral lobes ± 0.5 cm long if present, base cordate to obtuse, margin 2-serrate, rarely crenate, densely covered beneath in a soft tomentose down of white stellate hairs, the hairs sparse above and with fewer and shorter arms; petiole terete, 0.9–4.5 cm long, 1–1.5 mm wide, indumentum as stem; stipules persistent, dark brown, narrowly triangular, 6–7 mm long, 0.5–1 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal, branches sparse, 10–22 cm long, lower nodes with slightly reduced, unlobed leaves, nodes 0.7–3.2 cmapart, each with 6–10 leaf-opposed cymes, cymes (1–)3-flowered; peduncle 3–4 mm long, indumentum as stem; bracts very narrowly ovate, 1.5–3.5 mm long, 0.25–0.5 mm wide; pedicels 1.5–2 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals narrowly lanceolate to oblong, slightly pandurate, 5–7(–10) mm long, 1 mm wide, densely grey stellate-hairy, apical spines 0.25 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals rounded-oblong, 4–5(–8.5) mm long, 0.7–1.5(–3.0) mm wide, basal 0.75(–2) mm of the claw fringed with hairs, pubescent; stamens 9–12; ovary subvillose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit dehiscent, subglobose, (6.5–)9–15(–17) mm in diameter, with 96–140 patent dark brown bristles 2–7 mm long, each very sparingly to densely covered in soft, white simple hairs, the apex straight to curved, but not hooked, with a single, often inclined, terminal hair.
Figures
Fig. 14/11–13 (p. 88).
Habitat
Varied, from Juniperus, Podocarpus forest to swamp margins to bushland on dry hillside; occasional in old cultivation; 0–2200 m
Distribution
K1 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 P T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 pantropical

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Assam, Cambodia, East Himalaya, Malaya, Marianas, Réunion, Vietnam

Triumfetta tomentosa Bojer ex Bouton appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Tanzania K000242047 holotype
Bouton [s.n.], Kenya K000242048
Telfair, C. [Cat. no. 1080], Tanzania K001110968
Maitland, T.D. [1767], Cameroon K000094552
King's collector [989], Peninsular Malaysia Triumfetta pseudocana K000687550
Griffith [663], Peninsular Malaysia Triumfetta pseudocana K000687549
Griffith [663], Peninsular Malaysia Triumfetta pseudocana K000687548
Thomson, G. [59], Singapore Triumfetta pseudocana K000687551
Griffith [s.n.], Peninsular Malaysia Triumfetta pseudocana K000687552

First published in Rapp. Annuel Trav. Soc. Hist. Nat. île Maurice 12: 19 (1842)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1987). Flore des Mascareignes 51-62: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Chou, S., Chhnang, P. & Kim, Y. (2016). A Checklist for the Seed Plants of Cambodia: 1-272. National Institute of Biological Resources, Korea.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (2001). Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Masharabu, T., Bigendako, M.J., Lejoly, J., Nkengurutse, J., Noret, N., Bizuru, E. & Bogaert, J. (2010). Etude analytique de la flore et de la végétation du Parc National de la Ruvubu, Burundi International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences 4: 834-856.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
  • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.

Not accepted by

  • Leti, M., Hul, S., Fouché, J.-G., Cheng, S.K. & David, B. (2013). Flore photographique du Cambodge: 1-589. Éditions Privat, Toulouse. [Cited as Triumfetta cana.]
  • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2007). Flora of China 12: 1-534. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis). [Cited as Triumfetta cana.]

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Sprague & Hutch. in J. Linn. Soc. 39: 260.
  • —F.T.A. 1: 258

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1987). Flore des Mascareignes 51-62: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Chou, S., Chhnang, P. & Kim, Y. (2016). A Checklist for the Seed Plants of Cambodia: 1-272. National Institute of Biological Resources, Korea.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (2001). Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
  • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(2): 366 (1921).
  • A.J. Jex-Blake, Some Wild Flowers of Kenya p. 33 (1948).
  • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 96 (1994).
  • Beentje, Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas p. 160 (1994) pro parte.
  • Blundell, Wild Flow. E. Afr.: 70 (1987).
  • Bojer in Bouton, Douzième Rapp. Ann. Maur.: 19 (1842).
  • Bojer, Hort. Maurit.: 43 (1837), nom. nud .,
  • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 530 (1958).
  • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 573 (1961).
  • E. Lind & A. Tallantire, Some Common Flowering Plants of Uganda, ed. 2: 60 (1971).
  • Engl. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile A: 22, 111 (1895).
  • Excell & Mendonça in Consp. Fl. Angol. 1: 232 (1951).
  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 1: 226 (1950).
  • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 240 (1962).
  • Hanid in A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 190 (1974).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 622 (1949).
  • K. Schum. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 265 (1895).
  • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 309 (1958).
  • Mast. in Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 258 (1868).
  • R. Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi,: 10: 58, fig. 1c, 3c (1963).
  • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 571 (1948).
  • Sprague & Hutch. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 39: 260, t. 17/5 (1909).
  • T.V. Jacobs in Phyton 61: 92, fig. 2/s (1997).
  • Troupin, Fl. Pl. Lign. Rwanda: 684, fig. 236/3 (1982)
  • Troupin, Fl. Rwanda 2: 376, fig. 120/3 (1983).
  • Vollesen in Fl. Eth. 2(2): 161, fig. 79.7/15 (1995).
  • Wild & Gonç. in Fl. Moçamb. 28: 45 (1969).
  • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 72, t. 5/d (1963).
  • Wild in Flora of Southern Africa 21(1): 27 (1984).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0