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This species is accepted, and its native range is W. & SW. Tanzania to S. Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Tiliaceae, C. Whitehouse, M. Cheek, S. Andrews & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Shrub with 1–many annual shoots 6–60 cm tall springing from a vertical perennial woody rootstock 0.5–2 cm thick and blood-red when cut; stems clothed at base in grey triangular scale-leaves (± 2 mm long and broad), brown, 0.1–1 mm wide, glabrous, scabrid or softly hairy with short and/or long, white, yellowish or reddish stellate and/or simple hairs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves often absent at anthesis, linear to elliptic, 3.5–10 cm long, 0.7–5 cm wide, apex truncate, obtuse or acute, base cuneate, serrate but sometimes only at the tip, leathery, glabrous to stellate-scabrid or softly hairy above and beneath; petiole 2(–5) mm long, hairy, with 2 pairs of glands towards the apex at the sides; glands globose to shortly cylindical, 0.5–0.7 mm long, inconspicuous in some (?young) leaves; stipules filiform to narrowly triangular, 5–11 mm long, 0.5(–2) mm wide, glabrous, brown, membranous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal, highly branched, often produced before the leaves expand, branches from the axils of highly reduced and inconspicuous reduced leaves 3–10 mm long, ± 1.5 mm wide, each bearing 1–8 pairs of globose-cylindrical glands 0.5–0.75 mm long; branches up to 16 cm long, each bearing 1–numerous 1–5-flowered cymes; bracts as stipules, 5–6 mm long; pedicels 6–8 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals ± oblong, 8–10 mm long, 1–1.5(–2.5) mm wide, yellow to grey, densely stellate-hairy (hairs long or short); apical spine 0.25–0.5 mm long, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals spathulate, without a distinct claw, 7–8 mm long, 3.5–5 mm wide, base with a few scattered hairs; stamens 28–34.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits indehiscent, spherical, 20–30 mm diameter including bristles, fruit body globose, ± 5 mm diameter hidden by the 95–130 thin, flexuous, reddish bristles, each 8–14 mm long and densely covered at the base with white or yellowish hairs 0.5 mm long (hairs more thinly scattered along the length of the bristles), the tip capped with 1–4 straight hairs.

[FZ]

Tiliaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb sending up annual stems from a woody rootstock; flowers developing before the leaves on the first shoots and some purely vegetative leafy shoots appearing later in the growing season; stems 20–45 cm. tall, yellowish- or greyish-tomentellous, glabrescent below.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina 3–11 × 0·4–2 cm., linear-lanceolate, oblanceolate or obovate-oblong, tomentellous or softly pubescent, more densely so below, or almost entirely glabrous except when very young, apex obtuse, rounded, acute or apiculate, narrowly cuneate at the base, margin entire or serrulate or conspicuously serrate; petiole c. 0·5 cm. long, tomentellous; stipules c. 0·75 cm. long, subulate-triangular, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences terminal, up to 15 cm. long, of small dense cymes with the internodes elongating in fruit, closely covered with a yellowish or golden velvety tomentum; bracts c. 2·5 mm. long, linear, silky-pubescent outside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 6–10 mm. long, linear-oblong, spathulate, golden-tomentellous outside, with a subapical horn 0·25–0·5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals yellow, 5–9·5 × 3–5 mm., spathulate-oblong to obovate, rounded or slightly emarginate at the apex, villous just above the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androgynophore
Androgynophore c. 0·5 mm. long; annulus with a ciliate rim.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 20–50.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary globose, villous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit c. 2–2·5 cm. in diam. including the aculei, globose; aculei very numerous, c. 7 mm. long, very slender, plumose, with 1–3 fine setae at the apex.

Native to:

Angola, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Triumfetta welwitschii Mast. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Greenway, P.J. [8086], Zambia 706.000
Rogers, T. A. [26138], Zambia K000242022 Unknown type material
Rogers, T. A. [26138], Zambia K000242023 Unknown type material
Fanshawe, D.B. [4459], Zambia K000242024 holotype
Welwitsch [1414], Angola K000242026 Unknown type material
Fanshawe, D.B. [4459], Zambia K000242025 isotype

First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 255 (1868)

Accepted by

  • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
  • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Baker f. in Trans. Linn. Soc., Bot., ser. 2, 4: 7 (1894).
  • Excell & Mendonça in Consp. Fl. Angol. 1: 229 (1951).
  • Mast. in Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 255 (1867).
  • R. Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 10: 64 (1963).
  • Sprague & Hutch. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 39: 253 (1909).
  • T.V. Jacobs in Phyton 61: 93, fig. 2/t (1997).
  • Wild & Gonç. in Fl. Moçamb. 28: 40 (1969).
  • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 68, t. 5b (1963).
  • Wild in Flora of Southern Africa 21(1): 21 (1984).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0