Vallea stipularis L.f.

For a long time, Vallea stipularis was thought to be the only species in the genus Vallea, which is named in honour of the Italian botanist Felice Valle (d. 1747), who wrote an early account of the flora of Corsica. Then, in 1988, a second species was discovered in Ecuador and described as V. ecuadorensis. Vallea stipularis is a shrub or a tree with hairless ovaries and styles, whereas V. ecuadorensis is a climbing shrub or tree with densely velvety ovaries and styles.

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
campanito, campano, chaque, chaquén, chirriador, gaque, majua, manzano, palo roso, raco, raque, rojo, rosadito, roso, sanjuanito

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 1990 - 4300 m.; Andes, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta.
Morphology General Habit
Arbusto, arbolito, árbol
Conservation
No Evaluada

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean. Elevation range: 1990–4300 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Bogotá DC, Boyacá, Cauca, Cesar, Cundinamarca, La Guajira, Magdalena, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Quindío, Santander, Tolima.
Habit
Shrub, Small tree, Tree.
Conservation
IUCN Red List Assessment (2021): LC. National Red List of Colombia (2021): Potential LC.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, native grassland, wetlands (inland), inland rocky areas, desert, artificial - terrestrial.
Vernacular
Campanito, Campano, Chaque, Chaquén, Chirriador, Gache, Gaco, Majua, Manzano, Paloroso, Raco, Raque, Rojo, Rosadito, Roso, Sanjuanito

[KSP]

Kew Species Profiles

General Description
Vallea stipularis is a beautiful, evergreen, South American shrub with masses of pinkish-red or crimson, bell-shaped flowers.

For a long time, Vallea stipularis was thought to be the only species in the genus Vallea, which is named in honour of the Italian botanist Felice Valle (d. 1747), who wrote an early account of the flora of Corsica. Then, in 1988, a second species was discovered in Ecuador and described as V. ecuadorensis. Vallea stipularis is a shrub or a tree with hairless ovaries and styles, whereas V. ecuadorensis is a climbing shrub or tree with densely velvety ovaries and styles.

Vallea stipularis has been cultivated in Europe since 1928, but is rather frost-tender, so has never become common. It is usually grown against a wall or in a cool, shady greenhouse.

Species Profile
Geography and distribution

Native to South America, where it occurs in the Andes Mountains in Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia and Venezuela, at 1,600-4,000 m above sea level.

Description

A many-branched, evergreen shrub or tree up to 18 m tall. The leaves are heart-shaped or pear-shaped, sometimes lobed, up to 10 cm long, dark green, and paler beneath, with tufts of hairs in the vein axils. The small, bell-shaped flowers are pinkish-red or crimson and borne on branching stalks. They have five sepals and five, three-lobed, petals, around 13 mm long. The ovary and styles are hairless. There are 15-60 stamens.

Distribution
Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
Ecology
Forest and scrub, along forest margins, and in páramo (grassland) vegetation above the cloud forest.
Conservation
Not known to be threatened.
Hazards

None known.

[UPB]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Conservation
Not Evaluated.
Distribution
Native from Colombia.
Morphology General Habit
Shrub or tree.
Ecology
Alt. 1990 - 4300 m.

[UPFC]
Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Fuel
Used for fuels.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Poisons.

[KSP]
Use
Ornamental.

[UPB]
Use Animal Food
Nectar eaten by birds and insects (Florez-Cárdenas et al. 2010).
Use Environmental Boundary Barrier Support Plants
Live plant (in situ) - Used for barriers (Florez-Cárdenas et al. 2010).
Use Environmental Erosion Control
'Roots' - Used for soil conservation (Florez-Cárdenas et al. 2010).
Use Environmental Ornamentals
Live plant (in situ) - Grown in gardens and parks (Galvis & Morales 2010).
Use Fuel Charcoal
Used for charcoal (Florez-Cárdenas et al. 2010).
Use Fuel Fuelwood
Used for fuelwood (Florez-Cárdenas et al. 2010).
Use Materials
Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Materials Unspecified Materials Chemicals
Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Materials Wood
Used to make utensils (Florez-Cárdenas et al. 2010). Used for carpentry (Florez-Cárdenas et al. 2010).

Native to:

Argentina Northwest, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela

English
Capuli
Spanish
Campano, chaque, chirriador rojo, rosalino, sanjuanito, raque, saltón, Sanjuanita.

Vallea stipularis L.f. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Sandeman [4479] 55440.000 No
Grubb [69] 55458.000 No
55462.000 No
Schultes [4050A] 55479.000 No
Spruce, R. [5165], Ecuador K000202434 No
s.coll. [816], Colombia K000381922 Unknown type material Yes
Schlim, L. [378], Colombia K000381923 Unknown type material Yes
Jameson [s.n.], Colombia K000381927 Yes
Mathews [s.n.], Peru K000381924 Unknown type material Yes
Spruce, R. [5165], Ecuador K000202432 No
Spruce, R. [5165], Ecuador K000202435 Yes
Matthews [s.n.], Peru K000381925 Yes
Spruce, R. [5165], Ecuador K000202433 No
Perea, L. [784], Peru K001275039 Yes
Pearce [374], Ecuador K000381926 Yes

First published in Suppl. Pl.: 266 (1782)

Accepted by

  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Zuloaga, F.O. & Belgrano, M.J. (eds.) (2017). Flora Argentina. Flora vascular de la República Argentina 17: 1-434. INTA, IMBIV & IBODA.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Literature

Kew Species Profiles

  • Coode, M.J.E. (1985). Aristotelia and Vallea, closely allied in Elaeocarpaceae. Kew Bull. 40: 479-507.
  • Jaramillo Azanza, J. (1988). Notes of Ecuadorean Vallea (Elaeocarpaceae) with the description of a new species. Nord. J. Bot. 8: 19–23.
  • Joyal, E. (1987). Ethnobotanical field notes from Ecuador: Camp, Prieto, Jørgensen, and Giler. Econ. Bot. 41(2): 163-189.
  • Kunkel, G. (1984). Plants for Human Consumption: an Annotated Checklist of the Edible Phanerogams and Ferns. Koeltz Scientific Books, Koenigstein.
  • The Plant List (2010). Vallea stipularis.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

  • Florez-Cárdenas, G., Núñez-Izquierdo, O. L., Núñez-Izquierdo, M. M., Ramírez-Mesa, M., & Zusunaga-Quintana, J. A. (2010). 100 Plantas útiles del páramo del Rabanal: Guía para comunidades rurales. Bogotá: Instituto Alexander von Humboldt - CAR - Corpoboyac
  • Galvis-Rueda, M., Morales, M.E. (2010). Páramos de Boyacá, Flora representativa. (1st ed.). Tunja Corporación Autónoma Regional de Boyacá.
  • Kew's Economic Botany collection in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.org/2016/

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Peña-Chocarro, M. & de Egea, J. (2015). Nuevos registros del género Cissampelos (Menispermaceae) para la flora Argentina Bonplandia. Corrientes 24: 37-42.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Bernal, R., S.R. Gradstein & M. Celis (eds.). 2019. Nombres comunes de las plantas de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/es/
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • FPI (2021). Food Plants International. https://fms.cmsvr.com/fmi/webd/Food_Plants_World?homeurl=https://foodplantsinternational.com/plants/
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • IUCN (2021). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-2. https://www.iucnredlist.org.
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt (2019). Lista de especies vedadas por la resolución 213 de 1977. 8256 especies. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=le_plantaspriorizadas_2019
  • RBG, Kew (2021). Kew Economic Botany Collection. https://ecbot.science.kew.org/

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images

  • Kew Species Profiles

    Kew Species Profiles
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/