Typha domingensis Pers.

First published in Syn. Pl. 2: 532 (1807)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Tropics & Subtropics. It is a helophyte and grows primarily in the subtropical biome. It is has environmental uses and social uses, as animal food and a medicine and for fuel and food.

Descriptions

M. Thulin. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1–4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Distribution
Pantropical.
Morphology Stem
Stems to 3 m tall or more
Morphology Leaves
Leaves green or yellowish-green, the sheaths not auriculated or only the uppermost ones somewhat so; blade 5–15 mm wide
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Male and female inflorescences usually separated by 1-5.5 cm; male inflorescences usually 15–35 cm long; female inflorescences 12–40 cm long, bright reddish-brown
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma linear, exserted
[FSOM]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 10 - 2000 m.; Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Pacífico.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba, acuática
Conservation
No Evaluada
[CPLC]

Typhaceae, D. M. Napper. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Stems 1.6–5 m. high.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-sheaths with sloping scarious-margined shoulders, rarely rounded, median leaves purple-spotted within and up the base of the blade; blade linear, up to 1.5 m. long, 8–13 mm. wide, with an obtuse tip and narrow base, flat above and convex beneath in dried material, glaucescent or green above, green beneath.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence interrupted by a 1–3 cm. long internode, the ♀ spike sometimes interrupted or constricted. Male spike 17–34(–40) cm. long, 0.9–1.5 cm. wide; bracteoles flattened, forked or laciniate above, rarely linear, red-brown, ± as long as the stamens; stamens with white filaments; anthers 2.5–3.5 mm. long, with the connective produced into a dark globose tip usually broader than the anther, paler when immature; mature pollen grains free, deep primrose-yellow. Female spike 18–25(–34) cm. long, l.4–2(–2.2) cm. wide, bright chestnut- or reddish-brown at maturity; “pedicels” numerous, subpyramidal with distinct steps 0.5–13 per sq. mm.; bracteoles numerous; stigma linear, scarcely broader than the style butdarker, much longer than the rest of the flower; carpodia numerous, irregularly distributed throughout the spike, appearing as light patches where massed together.
sex Male
Male spike 17–34(–40) cm. long, 0.9–1.5 cm. wide; bracteoles flattened, forked or laciniate above, rarely linear, red-brown, ± as long as the stamens; stamens with white filaments; anthers 2.5–3.5 mm. long, with the connective produced into a dark globose tip usually broader than the anther, paler when immature; mature pollen grains free, deep primrose-yellow.
sex Female
Female spike 18–25(–34) cm. long, l.4–2(–2.2) cm. wide, bright chestnut- or reddish-brown at maturity; “pedicels” numerous, subpyramidal with distinct steps 0.5–13 per sq. mm.; bracteoles numerous; stigma linear, scarcely broader than the style butdarker, much longer than the rest of the flower; carpodia numerous, irregularly distributed throughout the spike, appearing as light patches where massed together.
Figures
Fig. 1/1–8.
Habitat
Swamps, dams, lakes and rivers; at high altitudes in Kenya (above 1500 m.) usually in association with T. latifolia; 0–2250 m.
Distribution
K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 P T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 U2 pantropical
[FTEA]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Ecology
Alt. 10 - 2000 m.
Distribution
Native from Colombia.
Conservation
Not Evaluated.
Morphology General Habit
Herb, aquatic herb.
[UPB]

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/164208/120229199

Conservation
LC - least concern
[IUCN]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

George R. Proctor (2012). Flora of the Cayman Isands (Second Edition). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Vernacular
CAT-TAIL, RUSH, BULRUSH, BULL RUSH
Morphology Stem
Stems 1–3 m tall; leaves to 1.5 m long or more, 3–20 mm broad, nearly flat, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Spikes pale brown, the staminate and pistillate portions separated, each 10–40 cm long; hairs of pistillate pedicels usually minutely club-shaped at apex; pollen-grains 1-celled
Distribution
Grand Cayman. Southern United States and throughout the West Indies, south to southern S. America.
Ecology
Chiefly in coastal marshes.
[Cayman]

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean, Caribbean, Pacific. Elevation range: 10–2000 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Bogotá DC, Boyacá, Córdoba, Magdalena, Santander.
Habit
Herb, Aquatic.
Conservation
IUCN Red List Assessment (2021): LC.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: savanna, shrubland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.
Vernacular
Enea
[UPFC]

Typhaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

Morphology General Habit
A tall aquatic herb up to 12 ft. high
Morphology Leaves
Very long narrow leaves
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences brown on tall stiff unbranched peduncles
Ecology
In permanent water.
[FWTA]

Uses

Use Food
Food (State of the World's Plants 2016).
[UPB]

Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Fuel
Used for fuels.
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Social
Social uses.
[UPFC]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of the Cayman Islands

    • Flora of the Cayman Islands
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0