Typha latifolia L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 971 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Temp. Northern Hemisphere to Colombia, W. Bolivia to S. South America, Nigeria to Kenya. It is a helophyte and grows primarily in the temperate biome. It is has environmental uses, as animal food, a poison and a medicine and for food.

Descriptions

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
anea, caña de la pasión, enea, espadaña, junco, junco de estera, junco de la pasión, totora
[UNAL]

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/164165/84300723

Conservation
LC - least concern
[IUCN]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 1680 - 1680 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba, acuática
Conservation
No Evaluada
[CPLC]

Typhaceae, D. M. Napper. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Stems erect, stout 1.5–3.5 m. high.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-sheaths abruptly rounded to auriculate at the junction with the blade and scarious-margined, sometimes purple-spotted within; blade linear, up to 2 m. long, 8–10 mm. wide, with an obtuse tip and narrow base, the base flat above and convex beneath in dried material, glabrous, glaucous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of contiguous spikes, each subtended by a caducous foliaceous bract, the ♀ spike sometimes constricted or interrupted, each part with a subtending bract and separated by 0–3.5 cm. Male spike 8–12 cm. long, l.3–l.8(–2.5) cm. wide at maturity; bracteoles linear, beige or pinkish-fawn, ± as long as the stamens; stamens with white filaments stouter than the bracteoles; anthers 3–4 mm. long with the connective produced into an obtuse rounded black tip as broad as the anther, or broader; mature pollen grains adhering in tetrads, pale primrose-yellow. Female spike 13–16(–25) cm. long, 2.5–3.5(–4) cm. wide, yellow-green at first, becoming dark sepia-brown or almost black at maturity; pedicels numerous, filiform, 20–30 per sq. mm.; bracteoles not present; carpodia pale, speckled with red, ± as long as the perigonous hairs; fertile flowers with a broadly lanceolate stigma much longer than the perigonous hairs.
sex Male
Male spike 8–12 cm. long, l.3–l.8(–2.5) cm. wide at maturity; bracteoles linear, beige or pinkish-fawn, ± as long as the stamens; stamens with white filaments stouter than the bracteoles; anthers 3–4 mm. long with the connective produced into an obtuse rounded black tip as broad as the anther, or broader; mature pollen grains adhering in tetrads, pale primrose-yellow.
sex Female
Female spike 13–16(–25) cm. long, 2.5–3.5(–4) cm. wide, yellow-green at first, becoming dark sepia-brown or almost black at maturity; pedicels numerous, filiform, 20–30 per sq. mm.; bracteoles not present; carpodia pale, speckled with red, ± as long as the perigonous hairs; fertile flowers with a broadly lanceolate stigma much longer than the perigonous hairs.
Figures
Fig. 1/9, p. 3.
Habitat
In swamps, dams and rivers with permanent flow; 1300–2200 m.
Distribution
K3 K4 K5 U3 throughout the north temperate regions of the world, southwards to Kenya and Nigeria in Africa and to the Argentine in America
[FTEA]

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean. Elevation range: 1680–1680 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Bogotá DC, Santander.
Habit
Herb, Aquatic.
Conservation
IUCN Red List Assessment (2021): LC.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, shrubland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.
Vernacular
Anea, Enea, Junco, Junco de estera, Junco de la pasión
[UPFC]

Typhaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

Morphology General Habit
Tall aquatic herb up to 9 ft. high
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Female inflorescence brown
sex Female
Female inflorescence brown
Ecology
In permanent water.
[FWTA]

Uses

Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Poisons.
[UPFC]

Common Names

English
Great Reedmace

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0