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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, W. Indian Ocean.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Ulmaceae, R. M. Polhill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1966

Morphology General Habit
Evergreen or deciduous monoecious tree, 3–45 m. tall, with sharp buttresses and pale smooth bark, scaling in small discs.
Morphology Twigs
Young twigs tawny pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades chartaceous to thinly coriaceous, elliptic or more usually obovate to obovate-oblong, 6.5–15 cm. long, 4.5–6 cm. wide, long-acuminate, ± cuneate and unequal-sided at the base, obscurely to distinctly and coarsely toothed in the upper half, glabrescent except for a few hairs on the veins beneath, 3-nerved from the base, with the basal lateral nerves extending little into the upper half and the upper prominent lateral nerves 3–6 on each side of the midrib; petiole 3–7 mm. long.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules lanceolate, 4–7 mm. long, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes short, 5–15 mm. long in flower, up to 30 mm. in fruit, mostly with many clustered ♂ flowers and usually only 1 longer pedicelled ♀ or hermaphroditeflower at the top, but the uppermost cymules with several hermaphrodite flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5, 1–2 mm. long, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary subglabrous, often with a few hairs in a ring at the base; styles 1–2-branched, 4–5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits on 8–13(–20) mm. long pedicels, ovoid-ellipsoid, conspicuously 4-ribbed when dried, 7–10 mm. long, 5–7 mm. across, red, glabrous.
Habitat
Lowland rain-forest; 300–1600 m.
Distribution
K5 K7 T3 T6 U2 U3 U4 Sudan and Congo Republics to Angola and West Africa

[FZ]

Ulmaceae, C. M. Wilmot-Dear. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

Morphology General Habit
Evergreen or deciduous tree 3–40 m. tall, monoecious; branches often drooping; bole with buttresses, bark pale smooth or scaling in small disks; young twigs tawny-pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves (7.5)9–15 x 4–5(8) cm., elliptic to elliptic-obovate; apex long acuminate, ± mucronate; base cuneate, slightly asymmetrical; margin obscurely crenate to coarsely dentate in the upper half; lamina chartaceous to thinly coriaceous, venation as in C. gomphophylla but upper lateral nerves beneath less strongly prominent than the midrib, making an angle of more than 45 degrees with the midrib; very young leaves sparsely tawny-pubescent, soon glabrous; petiole 3–10 mm. long; stipules 4–5 mm. long, lanceolate, tawny-pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes 4–15 mm. long, of many, rarely few, often crowded male flowers with pedicels up to 2 mm. long, female and bisexual flowers 1 or few at the apex of the cyme; uppermost cymules of the inflorescence with several bisexual flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5, 1.5–2 mm. long, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary often with a ring of sparse hairs at the base otherwise subglabrous; styles once or twice-branched, c. 5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits red, 7–10 x 5–6 mm., ovoid-ellipsoid, 4-ribbed when dry, glabrous; pedicels 8–13(20) mm. long.

[FWTA]

Ulmaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
A forest tree, to 120 ft. high
Morphology Trunk
Clean straight bole, well-developed buttresses and relatively smooth bark compared the preceding species (Celtis zenkeri)
Morphology Trunk Slash
Slash with alternating layers of cream and brown.

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Comoros, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Celtis mildbraedii Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Aug 1, 2009 Cheek, M. [11734], Cameroon K000199809
Jan 1, 2006 Luke et al. [11360], Tanzania K000449270
Jul 1, 1962 Wood, J. [11726], KwaZulu-Natal K000243055
Jul 1, 1962 Wood, J. [11726], KwaZulu-Natal K000243056
Jul 1, 1962 Wood, J. [11726], KwaZulu-Natal K000243057 Unknown type material
Oct 18, 1954 Chevalier, A. [22460], Ivory Coast K000243029
Hooper, V.E., South Africa Celtis franksiae 11031.000

First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 43: 309 (1909)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Polhill, R.M. (1966). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Ulmaceae: 1-14.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Bot. Jahrb. 43: 309 (1909)
  • Hauman in Fl. Congo Belge 1: 45.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 576 (1961).
  • Engl. in A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(1): 14 (1915).
  • Engl. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 43: 309 (1909)
  • Engl. in Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition 1907-1908, 2 (Botanik) p. 180, fig. 16E (1911)
  • Hauman in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 1: 45 (1948).
  • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 592 (1958).
  • Polhill in Kew Bulletin 19: 140 (1964).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0