Family:
Apiaceae Lindl.
Genus:
Ammi L.

Ammi majus L.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, Medit. to Iran and Arabian Peninsula. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders, has environmental uses, as a poison and a medicine and for food.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Adventicia en Colombia; Alt. 2030 - 2400 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada

[UPB]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Conservation
Not Evaluated.
Morphology General Habit
Herb.
Distribution
Introduced in Colombia.
Ecology
Alt. 2030 - 2400 m.

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean. Elevation range: 2030–2400 m a.s.l. Naturalised in Colombia. Colombian departments: Boyacá, Cundinamarca.
Habit
Herb.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: shrubland, artificial - terrestrial.

[FIQ]

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2014) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 2: Lythraceae to Campanulaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Erect, glabrous annual (8–)25–100 cm, stems less stout than those of the preceding species, terete, striate, branched from base
Morphology Branches
Branches long, ascending
Morphology Leaves
Lowest leaves pinnate or pinnate-ternate with few segments, often persisting until flowering time, segments very variable in size, regularly and sharply serrate, oblanceolate to broadly obovate Upper leaves reducing in size, pinnate-ternate to variously pinnatisect, but the narrower segments remaining broadest at or above the middle, and almost always serrate-dentate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts large, pinnatifid, shorter than the rays
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Partial umbels ± 30-flowered; pedicels 2–7(–9) mm, the longer subequalled by the 8–12 linear-subulate, entire bracteoles Umbels somewhat unequally (10–)15–50(–75)-rayed, the rays 2–6 cm, shorter in the centre of umbel, not set on a disk and not closing up together in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncles ± 4–16 cm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit glabrous, ovoid-oblong, 2 mm long, ribs narrow and not prominent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Styles reflexed, slightly shorter than those of A. visnaga, but still exceeding the conical stylopodia.
Ecology
Gravelly hillsides, riverine thickets, along ditches in fields, damp places, weed in fields and gardens, on sandy gravel soils; alt. 50–400 m
Phenology
Flowering and fruiting: Apr.–Jun.
Distribution
Africa (Morocco to Libya), Macaronesia (Madeira, Tenerife), Ethiopia; cultivated and adventive in China. Common in the steppe region of Iraq, and also on irrigated alluvial plain in the desert region. S & Mediterranean Europe (France, Portugal & Spain to Balkans & Greece), Aegean Isles, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Egypt, Arabia, Kuwait, Turkey, Iran, Pakistan, N
Vernacular
Common Bishop’s weed; also Great Ammi (Am.), GARAIR (for GHURAIR), (Ir.-Baghdad district, Guest 2508, Guest & Darwish al-Haidari 2230); ZAND AL-ARŪS (Ir.-Khalis, Lazar 1164); KHAIZARĀN
Note
Baghdad, H. Ahmad 9820). Ibn al-Baitar (c. 1240) mentioned AKHALLA as the name of an umbelliferous plant, the seeds of which were used to make a soothing mouthwash and which LeClerck (1877–83) refers to this species, though the passage seems more likely to refer to A. visnaga, q.v. As regards the present species, a note on a specimen of it communicated to Herb. Kew by E Gouldring in 1929 noted that the plant had been reported as obnoxious and was said to cause an affection to the eyes of animals browsing on it, which led to an opacity of the cornea in their eyes. Guest (1938) noted that the plant was said to be poisonous and to cause blindness in horses which grazed it.

[FTEA]

Umbelliferae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

Morphology General Habit
Slender but wiry glabrous annual herb, 0.25–1.2(–1.8) m., with a slender taproot.
Morphology Stem
Stem terete or feebly angled, striate, rather sparingly branched.
Morphology Leaves
Lower leaves (1–)2-pinnate, with up to 3 pairs of stalked pinnae, the pinnae opposite but pinnules frequently alternate; segments oblanceolate to elliptic or broadly obovate, ± 1–7 × 0.4–8 cm., sharply toothed, the teeth with a long, white, fine, whitish mucro, subaristate; petioles ± 4.5–16 cm.; sheaths triangular to oblong, membranous-margined, finely striate, 0.8–1.5 cm.; upper leaves gradually more narrowly divided, more shortly petiolate, the uppermost sessile on the sheaths with linear and remotely toothed segments; more rarely forms occur with all the leaves regularly bipinnate with narrow segments.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Umbels large and showy, on divergent peduncles ± 6–18 cm. long; rays (7–)15–50 or more, slender, ± 2.5–6.5 cm. long; involucre of several bracts, these usually pinnately divided into filiform pale-aristate segments, sometimes simple in dwarfed forms growing in unfavourable conditions; partial umbels ± 18–30-flowered, the pedicels very unequal, ± 1–9 mm.; involucel of ± 8–10 narrow, membranous-margined, subulate bracteoles with a pale terminal arista, the longest usually subequalling the pedicels at anthesis.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals ± 1 mm., white.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruiting calyx obsolete; stylopodia bluntly conical, exceeded by the slender, pale, deflexed styles. Fruit narrowly oblong-elliptic, ± 2–2.5 × 0.75–1 mm., glabrous, when ripe blackish with pale, narrow, prominent ribs.
Figures
Fig. 16.
Habitat
Self-sown exotic; 1650 m.
Distribution
K4 a native of S. Europe, the Mediterranean region, SW. Asia and ? Ethiopia, not infrequent as a casual in northern Europe and elsewhere

[UPB]
Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016).

[UPFC]
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Poisons.

Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Azores, Baleares, Canary Is., Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Egypt, France, Greece, Gulf States, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kriti, Kuwait, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Portugal, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Sicilia, Sinai, Spain, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Yemen, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Bahamas, Belgium, Bermuda, Brazil South, California, Cape Provinces, Chile South, China Southeast, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, Florida, Free State, Georgia, Great Britain, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Ireland, Japan, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Louisiana, Mexico Central, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Missouri, New Caledonia, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Northern Provinces, Norway, Oregon, Pakistan, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Sweden, Tadzhikistan, Texas, Tubuai Is., Uruguay

Ammi majus L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 1970 s.coll. [74], Iran K000687062 Yes
Schimper [376], Ethiopia K000310822 Yes
Schimper [376], Ethiopia K000310823 Yes
Murray, R.P. [s.n.], Canary Is. K001091060 No
Bourgeau, E. [204], Canary Is. K001091063 No
Webb, P.B. [s.n.], Canary Is. K001091062 No
Asplund, E. [862], Canary Is. K001091059 No
Sprague, T.A. [143], Canary Is. K001091061 No

First published in Sp. Pl.: 243 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
  • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Chukavina, A.P. (ed.) (1984). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 7: 1-562. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
  • Danihelka, J. Chrtek, J. & Kaplan, Z. (2012). Checklist of vascular plants of the Czech Republic Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 84: 647-811.
  • Danin, A. & Fragman- Sapir, O. (2019). Flora of Israel Online http://flora.org.il/en/plants/.
  • Daoud, H.S. in Al-Rawi, A. (1985). Flora of Kuwait 1: 1-224. Alden Press Ltd., U.K.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1972). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 4: 1-657. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 2: 1-429. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera, C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2020). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 4(1): 1-904. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295.
  • Hedberg, I., Edwards, S. & Nemomissa, S. (eds.) (2003). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 4(1): 1-352. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hedge, I.C., Lamond, J.M. & Rechinger, K.H. (1987). Flora Iranica 162: 1-555. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
  • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
  • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • Nasir, E. (1972). Flora of West Pakistan 20: 1-169.
  • Townsend, C.C. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Umbelliferae: 1-127.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1968). Flora Europaea 2: 1-469. Cambridge University Press.
  • Van Wyk, B.-E., Tilney, P.M. & Magee, A.R. (2013). African Apiaceae: a synopsis of the Apiaceae/Umbelliferae of Sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar: 1- 317. Briza Academic Books, Pretoria.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Zuloaga, F.O. & Belgrano, M.J. (eds.) (2019). Flora Argentina. Flora vascular de la República Argentina 20(2): 1-444. INTA, IMBIV & IBODA.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

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  • Daoud, H.S. in Al-Rawi, A. (1985). Flora of Kuwait 1: 1-224. Alden Press Ltd., U.K.
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  • Hedberg, I., Edwards, S. & Nemomissa, S. (eds.) (2003). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 4(1): 1-352. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hedge, I.C., Lamond, J.M. & Rechinger, K.H. (1987). Flora Iranica 162: 1-555. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
  • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (1999). Flora of Japan IIc: 1-328. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
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  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Flora of Iraq

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images

  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0