Family:
Apiaceae Lindl.

Anthriscus cerefolium (L.) Hoffm.

This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Central Europe to NW. & N. Iran.

[FIQ]

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2014) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 2: Lythraceae to Campanulaceae.

Morphology Stem
Stem fistular, striate or somewhat sulcate, mostly glabrous but often pubescent above nodes
Morphology Leaves
Leaves similar throughout, 3–4-pinnate, lamina deltoid-ovate or broadly deltoid, segments shortly oblong or lanceolate, glabrous above, somewhat hairy below; lower leaves long-petiolate, upper sessile
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Partial umbels 4–10-flowered, pedicels 2–6 mm; flowers 2 mm in diameter, not obviously radiate; involucel of 2–3 lanceolate, ciliate bracts, 2–4 mm Umbels several, sessile or on peduncles up to 2.5(–3) cm long, often lateral and leaf-opposed; rays 3–5, pubescent, 1.5–3(–3.5) cm; involucre absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 7–10 × ± 1.5 mm, linear with a distinctly demarcated beak about half the length of the body of fruit, glabrous or setose, ribs scarcely apparent save on the beak; pedicels lacking a ring of hairs at apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stylopodium
Stylopodia conical, tapering so gradually into the styles (1 mm or less) as to be indistinguishable from them; disk shortly cylindrical, longer than broad
Morphology General Habit
A delicate, light green plant with graceful foliage. Erect annual, 30–75 cm ± considerably branched from halfway or lower
Distribution
Probably native in E & SE Europe (Austria to Romania & S Russia), naturalized elsewhere; Turkey, Caucasus, Iran, C Asia (Turkmenistan), N Africa. Introduced in N America.
Note
Var. cerefolium, with glabrous fruits throughout the range of the species. In Iraq, the species is represented by var. trichosperma Wimm. & Grab., Fl. Siles. 1: 291 (1827).

[FIQ]
Use
Chervil, Salad chervil (Am.), much cultivated as a herb in France and many other parts of the world.

Native to:

Albania, Austria, Baleares, Bulgaria, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Krym, North Caucasus, Poland, Romania, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Algeria, Baltic States, Belgium, British Columbia, Cameroon, Connecticut, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greenland, Illinois, Ireland, Italy, Kirgizstan, Laos, Libya, Montana, Morocco, Netherlands, New Jersey, New York, Northwest European R, Norway, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Portugal, Québec, South Carolina, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Tadzhikistan, Tunisia, Vermont, Virginia, Washington

Anthriscus cerefolium (L.) Hoffm. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Gen. Pl. Umbell.: 41 (1814)

Accepted by

  • Chukavina, A.P. (ed.) (1984). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 7: 1-562. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 2: 1-429. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. & Edmondson, J.R. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Iraq 5(2): 1-349. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Gilman, A.V. (2015). New flora of Vermont Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 110: 1-614.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hedge, I.C., Lamond, J.M. & Rechinger, K.H. (1987). Flora Iranica 162: 1-555. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
  • Lambion, J., Delvosalle, L. & Duvigneaud, J. (2004). Nouvelle flore de la Belgique du G. D. de Luxembourg, du Nord de la France et des régions voisines, ed. 5: 1-1167. Edition du Patrimoine du Jardin botanique national de Belgique.
  • Lazkov, G.A. & Sultanova, B.A. (2011). Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan Norrlinia 24: 1-166.
  • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) in Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2012). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 3(2): 1-623. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Werier, D. (2017). Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542.

Literature

Flora of Iraq

  • Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 913 (1872);
  • DC., Prodr. 4: 223 (1830);
  • Grossh., Fl. Kavk. ed. 2, 7: 36 (1967);
  • Hayek in Prodr. Fl. Balc. 1: 1064 (1927);
  • Hedge & Lamond in Fl. Iranica 162: 85 (1987).
  • Hedge & Lamond in Fl. Turk. 4: 323 (1972);
  • Hoffm. Gen. Umb. ed. 1: 41 (1814);
  • Schischkin in Fl. SSSR 16: 1336 (1950);
  • Townsend in Kew Bull. 17: 431 (1964);

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Chukavina, A.P. (ed.) (1984). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 7: 1-562. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 2: 1-429. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Gilman, A.V. (2015). New flora of Vermont Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 110: 1-614.
  • Lambion, J., Delvosalle, L. & Duvigneaud, J. (2004). Nouvelle flore de la Belgique du G. D. de Luxembourg, du Nord de la France et des régions voisines, ed. 5: 1-1167. Edition du Patrimoine du Jardin botanique national de Belgique.
  • Lazkov, G.A. & Sultanova, B.A. (2011). Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan Norrlinia 24: 1-166.
  • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • USDA, NRCS ( 2021-continuously updated). Natural Resources Conservation Services Plant Database http://plants.usda.gov/cgi_bin/topics.cgi?earl=checklist.html.
  • Werier, D. (2017). Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542.

  • Flora of Iraq

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  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

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