Acorus calamus L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 324 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Asia, N. America. It is a perennial or rhizomatous geophyte and grows primarily in the temperate biome.

Distribution

Native to:

Alaska, Alberta, Altay, Amur, Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, British Columbia, Buryatiya, Cambodia, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Connecticut, District of Columbia, East Himalaya, Hainan, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Irkutsk, Japan, Jawa, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kuril Is., Laccadive Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Maine, Malaya, Maldives, Manchuria, Manitoba, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mongolia, Montana, Myanmar, Nebraska, Nepal, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Newfoundland, Northwest Territorie, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Ontario, Pakistan, Pennsylvania, Philippines, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Qinghai, Québec, Rhode I., Sakhalin, Saskatchewan, South Dakota, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Thailand, Tibet, Tuva, Uzbekistan, Vermont, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Wisconsin, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya

Extinct in:

North Dakota

Introduced into:

Alabama, Albania, Andaman Is., Arkansas, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, California, Cape Provinces, Central European Rus, Colorado, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, East European Russia, Finland, France, Free State, Føroyar, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kentucky, Krym, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, Netherlands, New Guinea, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Oklahoma, Oregon, Poland, Romania, Sicilia, South Carolina, South European Russi, Svalbard, Sweden, Switzerland, Tennessee, Texas, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, West Virginia, Yugoslavia

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Boborov, A.A. & al. (2014). Notes on aquatic and semiaquatic vascular plants of Kamchatka. Botanicheskii Zhurnal. Moscow & Leningrad 99: 1025-1043.
  • Boyce, P.C., Sookchaloem, D., Hetterscheid, W.L.A., Gusman, G., Jacobsen, N., Idei, T. & Nguyen, V.D. (2012). Flora of Thailand 11(2): 101-325. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
  • Chadde, S.W. (2019). Wisconsin Flora ed. 2: 1-818. Steve W. Chadde.
  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Charkevicz, S.S. (ed.) (1996). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 8: 1-382. Nauka, Leningrad.
  • Delipavlov, D. & Cheshmedzhiev, I. (eds.) (2011). Opredelitel na rasteniiata v Bulgariia: 1-590. Akad. Isd. Agrar. Univers. Plovdiv.
  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. Chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
  • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Güner, A. (ed.) (2018). Resimli Türkiye Florası (Illustrated Flora of Turkey) 2: 1-1054. ANG Vakfı. Nezahat Gökyi˘git Botanik Bahçesi, Istambul.
  • Knapp, W.M. & Naczi, R.F.C. (2021). Vascular plants of Maryland, USA. A comprehensive account of the state's botanical diversity. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 113: 1-151.
  • Kozhevnikov, A.E., Kozhevnikov, Z.V., Kwak, M. & Lee, B.Y. (2019). Illustrated flora of the Primorsky Territory, Russian Far East: 1-1124. National institute of biological resources.
  • Lazkov, G.A. & Sultanova, B.A. (2011). Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan. Norrlinia 24: 1-166.
  • Marhold, K. (ed.) (2013). IAPT/IOPB chromosome data 16. Taxon 62: 1355-1360.
  • Mehboob-ur-Rahman (2012). Wild plants of Swat, Pakistan 1: 1-281. Department of botany, govt. Jehanzeb post graduate college.
  • Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirkowa, H., Zając, A. & Zając, M (2020). Vascular plants of Poland an annotated checklist: 1-526. W. Szafer institute of botany, Polish academy of sciences, Krakow, Poland.
  • Nikolin, E.G. (2020). Opredelitel' vysshikh rasteniy Yakutii: 1-895. Moskva : Tovarishchestvo Nauchnykh Izdaniy KMK Novosibirsk "Nauka".
  • Nooteboom, H.P. (ed.) (2011). Flora Malesiana 20: 1-61. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide. Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Tanaka, N., Koyama, T. & Murata, J. (2005). The flowering plants of Mt. Popa, central Myanmar - Results of Myanmar-Japanese joint expeditions, 2000-2004. Makinoa 5: 1-102.
  • Verloove, F. (2019). Manual of the alien plants of Belgium http://alienplantsbelgium.be/.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Zhao, Y.Z., Zhao, L.Q. & Rui, C. (eds.) (2019). Flora Intramongolica, edition 3, 6: 1-619. Typis Intramongolicae popularis, Huhhot.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Boborov, A.A. & al. (2014). Notes on aquatic and semiaquatic vascular plants of Kamchatka. Botanicheskii Zhurnal. Moscow & Leningrad 99: 1025-1043.
  • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. Chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
  • Güner, A. (ed.) (2018). Resimli Türkiye Florası (Illustrated Flora of Turkey) 2: 1-1054. ANG Vakfı. Nezahat Gökyi˘git Botanik Bahçesi, Istambul.
  • Lazkov, G.A. & Sultanova, B.A. (2011). Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan. Norrlinia 24: 1-166.
  • Mehboob-ur-Rahman (2012). Wild plants of Swat, Pakistan 1: 1-281. Department of botany, govt. Jehanzeb post graduate college.
  • Nooteboom, H.P. (ed.) (2011). Flora Malesiana 20: 1-61. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide. Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Tanaka, N., Koyama, T. & Murata, J. (2005). The flowering plants of Mt. Popa, central Myanmar - Results of Myanmar-Japanese joint expeditions, 2000-2004. Makinoa 5: 1-102.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt. (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jul 26, 2023 Christenhusz, M.J.M. [MC9652] United Kingdom K001527279 No
Sep 30, 1991 Griffith, W. [519] Bhutan K000883697 Isotype Yes
Jan 1, 1935 Knowles, E.G. [s.n.] Canada K001790200 Yes
Jan 1, 1935 Knowles, E.G. [s.n.] Canada K002467143 Yes
Bogner [2098] Canada K:SPC-57606.000 No
K:SPC-70000.592 No
Cope, T.A. [RBG 436] United Kingdom K000914486 Yes
s.n. [s.n.] K002466932 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5196] K001120090 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5196] K001120091 Unknown Type Material Yes
Griffith, W. [2626] Bhutan K000883788 Unknown Type Material Yes
K:SPC-29047.076 No
Barnes, E. [1629] India K:SPC-06913.000 No
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5196] Nepal K001120092 Unknown Type Material Yes

Sources

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0