Acorus calamus L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 324 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Asia, N. America. It is a perennial or rhizomatous geophyte and grows primarily in the temperate biome.

Distribution

Native to:

Alaska, Alberta, Altay, Amur, Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, British Columbia, Buryatiya, Cambodia, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Connecticut, East Himalaya, Hainan, Idaho, India, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Irkutsk, Japan, Jawa, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kuril Is., Laccadive Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Maine, Malaya, Maldives, Manchuria, Manitoba, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mongolia, Montana, Myanmar, Nebraska, Nepal, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New York, Newfoundland, Northwest Territorie, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Philippines, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Qinghai, Québec, Sakhalin, Saskatchewan, South Dakota, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Thailand, Tibet, Tuva, Uzbekistan, Vermont, Vietnam, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Wisconsin, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya

Extinct in:

District of Columbia, Illinois, Indiana, New Jersey, North Dakota, Rhode I., Virginia

Introduced into:

Alabama, Albania, Andaman Is., Arkansas, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, California, Cape Provinces, Central European Rus, Colorado, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, East European Russia, Finland, France, Free State, Føroyar, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kentucky, Krym, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, Netherlands, New Guinea, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pakistan, Poland, Romania, Sicilia, South Carolina, South European Russi, Svalbard, Sweden, Switzerland, Tennessee, Texas, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, West Virginia, Yugoslavia

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Boborov, A.A. & al. (2014). Notes on aquatic and semiaquatic vascular plants of Kamchatka. Botanicheskii Zhurnal. Moscow & Leningrad 99: 1025-1043.
  • Boyce, P.C., Sookchaloem, D., Hetterscheid, W.L.A., Gusman, G., Jacobsen, N., Idei, T. & Nguyen, V.D. (2012). Flora of Thailand 11(2): 101-325. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
  • Chadde, S.W. (2019). Wisconsin Flora ed. 2: 1-818. Steve W. Chadde.
  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Charkevicz, S.S. (ed.) (1996). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 8: 1-382. Nauka, Leningrad.
  • Delipavlov, D. & Cheshmedzhiev, I. (eds.) (2011). Opredelitel na rasteniiata v Bulgariia: 1-590. Akad. Isd. Agrar. Univers. Plovdiv.
  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. Chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
  • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Güner, A. (ed.) (2018). Resimli Türkiye Florası (Illustrated Flora of Turkey) 2: 1-1054. ANG Vakf?/Nezahat Gökyi?it Botanik Bahçesi, Istambul.
  • Knapp, W.M. & Naczi, R.F.C. (2021). Vascular plants of Maryland, USA. A comprehensive account of the state's botanical diversity. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 113: 1-151.
  • Kozhevnikov, A.E., Kozhevnikov, Z.V., Kwak, M. & Lee, B.Y. (2019). Illustrated flora of the Primorsky Territory, Russian Far East: 1-1124. National institute of biological resources.
  • Lazkov, G.A. & Sultanova, B.A. (2011). Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan. Norrlinia 24: 1-166.
  • Marhold, K. (ed.) (2013). IAPT/IOPB chromosome data 16. Taxon 62: 1355-1360.
  • Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirkowa, H., Zając, A. & Zając, M (2020). Vascular plants of Poland an annotated checklist: 1-526. W. Szafer institute of botany, Polish academy of sciences, Krakow, Poland.
  • Nooteboom, H.P. (ed.) (2011). Flora Malesiana 20: 1-61. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide. Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Tanaka, N., Koyama, T. & Murata, J. (2005). The flowering plants of Mt. Popa, central Myanmar - Results of Myanmar-Japanese joint expeditions, 2000-2004. Makinoa 5: 1-102.
  • Verloove, F. (2019). Manual of the alien plants of Belgium http://alienplantsbelgium.be/.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Boborov, A.A. & al. (2014). Notes on aquatic and semiaquatic vascular plants of Kamchatka. Botanicheskii Zhurnal. Moscow & Leningrad 99: 1025-1043.
  • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. Chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
  • Güner, A. (ed.) (2018). Resimli Türkiye Florası (Illustrated Flora of Turkey) 2: 1-1054. ANG Vakf?/Nezahat Gökyi?it Botanik Bahçesi, Istambul.
  • Lazkov, G.A. & Sultanova, B.A. (2011). Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan. Norrlinia 24: 1-166.
  • Nooteboom, H.P. (ed.) (2011). Flora Malesiana 20: 1-61. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide. Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Tanaka, N., Koyama, T. & Murata, J. (2005). The flowering plants of Mt. Popa, central Myanmar - Results of Myanmar-Japanese joint expeditions, 2000-2004. Makinoa 5: 1-102.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt. (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
29047.076 No
Bogner [2098], Canada 57606.000 No
Barnes, E. [1629], India 6913.000 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5196] K001120090 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5196] K001120091 Yes
Cope, T.A. [RBG 436], United Kingdom K000914486 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5196], Nepal K001120092 Yes

Sources

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Living Collection https://www.kew.org/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0