Eryngium campestre L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 233 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Europe to Caucasus, NW. Africa. It is a perennial and grows primarily in the temperate biome.


Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Austria, Baleares, Belgium, Bulgaria, Central European Russia, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, East Aegean Is., Egypt, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Morocco, Netherlands, North Caucasus, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, Sinai, South European Russia, Spain, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Denmark, Great Britain, Maryland, New Jersey, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Québec, Sweden


Homotypic Synonyms

Accepted Infraspecifics


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POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 2: 1-429. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. & Edmondson, J.R. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Iraq 5(2): 1-349. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
  • Hand, R. (ed.) (2015). Supplementary notes to the flora of Cyprus VIII. Willdenowia 45: 245-259.
  • Knapp, W.M. & Naczi, R.F.C. (2021). Vascular plants of Maryland, USA. A comprehensive account of the state's botanical diversity. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 113: 1-151.
  • Litvinskaya, S.A. & Murtazaliev, R.A. (2013). Flora of the Northern Caucasus: An Atlas and Identification Book: 1-688. Fiton XXI.
  • Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirkowa, H., Zając, A. & Zając, M (2020). Vascular plants of Poland an annotated checklist: 1-526. W. Szafer institute of botany, Polish academy of sciences, Krakow, Poland.
  • Stace, C. (2019). New Flora of the British Isles ed. 4: 1-1266. C & M Floristics.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) in Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2012). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 3(2): 1-623. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Tohmé, G. & Tohmé, H. (2014). Illustrated Flora of Lebanon, ed. 2: 1-610. CNRS Publication.
  • Wörz, A. (2011). Revision of Eryngium L. (Apiaceae-Saniculoideae): General part and Palaearctic species. Bibliotheca Botanica 159: 1-498.

Flora of Iraq

  • Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 824 (1872);
  • Boulos, Fl. Egypt: 2: 155 (2000).
  • DC., Prodr. 4: 88 (1830);
  • Davis, Fl. Turk. 4: 303 (1972);
  • Hand.-Mazz. in Ann. Naturh. Mus. Wien 27: 87 (1913);
  • Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. ed. 1: 233 (1753);
  • Meikle, Fl. Cyprus 1: 691 (1977);
  • Mouterde, Nouv. Fl. Lib. et Syr. 2: 579 (1970);
  • Nabělek in Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk 35: 118 (1923);
  • Schischkin in Fl. SSSR 16: 78 (1950);
  • Wolff, l.c. 50 (1913);
  • Zohary, Fl. Palest. ed. 2, 1: 506 (1932);

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • (2020). epublication.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. & Edmondson, J.R. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Iraq 5(2): 1-349. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Jonsell, B. & Karlsson, T. (eds.) (2010). Flora Nordica 6: 1-298. The Bergius Foundaton.
  • USDA, NRCS ( 2021-continuously updated). Natural Resources Conservation Services Plant Database

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Hepburn, I. [6] Albania K002456407 Yes
Warren, R.C. [5A] Iran K002456591 Yes
Day, F.M. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002456323 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K002456352 Yes
Bornmüller, J. [1085] Turkey K002456607 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Switzerland K002456346 Yes
Worsdell, W.C. [239/1] United Kingdom K002456324 Yes
Medlin, L.T. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002456304 Yes
Rostan, E. [s.n.] Italy K002456372 Yes
Barton, W.C. [706] United Kingdom K002456320 Yes
Fay, M.F. [s.n.] Germany K001905395 No
[Ali Rawi] [23162] Iraq K002456595 Yes
Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [316] Netherlands K002456349 Yes
Price, W.R. [s.n.] France K002456367 Yes
Turner, D. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002456333 Yes
s.coll. [737] Greece K002456419 Yes
Schneider, C.K. [654] Bulgaria K002456411 Yes
Kotte, W. [s.n.] Turkey K002456611 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002456311 Yes
Lowne, B.T. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002456339 Yes
{Micheletti, L.; Adr. Fiori; Béguinot, A.} [s.n.] Italy K002456373 Yes
s.coll. [451] Greece K002456413 Yes
Sandwith, C.I.; Sandwith, N.Y. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002456318 Yes
Todaro [635] Italy K002456378 Yes
Baldacci, A. [146] Greece K002456423 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] France K002456362 Yes
Gilliat-Smith, B. [270] Bulgaria K002456410 Yes
Townsend, C.C. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002456313 Yes
[Evankdust] [4084] Iraq K002456597 Yes
{ Bianor-Marie} [s.n.] Spain K002456383 Yes
Fay, M.F. [s.n.] Germany K001905394 No
Warren, R.C. [5B] Iran K002456592 Yes
Spier, R.B. [102] Greece K002456416 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Greece K002456417 Yes
[Limmerrit] [s.n.] Australia K002456351 Yes
Furse; Synge [778] Iran K002456588 Yes
Price, W.R. [949] Turkey K002456605 Yes
{Hooker} [s.n.] United Kingdom K002456336 Yes
Bignell, C. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002456316 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002456338 Yes
Simpson, N.D. [1987] Egypt K002456603 Yes
Hubbard, C.E. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002456310 Yes
Warren, R.C. [5B] Iran K002456590 Yes
Fogah [100] Egypt K002456601 Yes
Pallon, I. [s.n.] Russia K002456342 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Hungary K002583514 Yes
Markham, M.E. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002456309 Yes
Medlin, L.T. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002456303 Yes
Warren, R.C. [5B] Iran K002456593 Yes
Thurston, E.; Jackson, A.B. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002456302 Yes
Vigurs, C.C. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002456308 Yes
[Rio Storez] [s.n.] United Kingdom K002456335 Yes
Medlin, L.T. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002456306 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] France K002456364 Yes
Baher, J.G. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002456331 Yes
Jackson, A.B. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002456314 Yes
[L. Kaulek] [s.n.] K002457011 Yes
Atchley, S.C. [292] Greece K002456414 Yes
Tishkova, A. [s.n.] Russia K002456587 Yes
Groves, H. [s.n.] Italy K002456374 Yes
Furse; Synge [340] Iran K002456612 Yes
Thurston, E. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002456307 Yes
Gimingham, C.H. [CY48] K002457014 Yes
Vine, R.S. [61] Greece K002456415 Yes
Léonard, J. [4652] Libya K002457009 Yes
{Redmond} [28] United Kingdom K002456322 Yes
Britton, C.E. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002456315 Yes
{Halliwell; Mason; Smallcombe} [1421] Spain K002456381 Yes
Heath, I.B. [385] Morocco K002457010 Yes
Brenan, J.P.M. [2932] United Kingdom K002456337 Yes
Brenan, J.P.M. [5] France K002456354 Yes
Simpson, N.D. [3330(2)] Egypt K002456600 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] France K002456365 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] France K002456368 Yes
Hemsley, J.H. [L61] Libya K002457015 Yes
Alston, A.H.G.; Sandwith, N.Y. [2312] Albania K002456406 Yes
Dallimore, W. [s.n.] K002583517 Yes
{Munby} [s.n.] Algeria K002457012 Yes
Hosking, A. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002456341 Yes
{Sintenis} [1409] Turkey K002456610 Yes
Dallimore, W. [s.n.] K002583516 Yes
Worsdell, W.C. [239/1] United Kingdom K002456325 Yes
White, J.W. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002456327 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Cyprus K002456353 Yes
Tedd, H.G. [527] K002456408 Yes
Schneider, C.K. [416] Bulgaria K002456412 Yes
[Louisa M. Bury] [2] United Kingdom K002456321 Yes
Balls, E.K.; Gourlay, W.B. [B3811] Greece K002456421 Yes
Simpson, N.D.; [Moh. Eff Dran] [4401] Egypt K002456599 Yes
Brenan, J.P.M. [1345] United Kingdom K002456329 Yes
Borel, J.M.; Willmott, E.A. [1641] K002456350 Yes
Archley, S.C. [737] Greece K002456418 Yes
Mangin, A. [s.n.] K002457013 Yes
Sintenis, P. [579] Turkey K002456609 Yes
Willmott, E.A. [s.n.] France K002456359 Yes
{Micheletti, L.; Adr. Fiori; Béguinot, A.} [s.n.] Italy K002456376 Yes
Hall, P.M. [378] United Kingdom K002456326 Yes
Devis, H.T. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002456319 Yes
Piquet, J. [s.n.] France K002456366 Yes
Rigo, G. [s.n.] Italy K002456375 Yes
Sintenis, P. [1246] Turkey K002456606 Yes
Davis [47740] Turkey K002456614 Yes
Bonnet, E.; Willmott, E.A. [s.n.] France K002456360 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Switzerland K002456344 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002456317 Yes
Medwecka-Kornas, A.; Gawlowska, J.; Pajowska, S.; Kuc, M.; Tacik, T. [s.n.] Poland K002456348 Yes
Balls, E.K.; Gourlay, W.B. [B3811] Greece K002456422 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K002583518 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002456330 Yes
Muschler, R. [s.n.] Egypt K002456604 Yes
Hepper, F.N. [9786] France K002456357 Yes
Medlin, L.T. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002456305 Yes
[Preusse] [s.n.] Germany K002456343 Yes
{Micheletti, L.; Adr. Fiori; Béguinot, A.} [s.n.] Italy K002456370 Yes
Wyatt, J.W. [208] France K002456386 Yes
Meebold, A. [s.n.] Italy K002456377 Yes
[Edmonds] [298] Spain K002456385 Yes
Brummitt, R.K. [4695] Italy K002456369 Yes
[A. M. Pust] [13631] Iraq K002456594 Yes
Davies, H. [[656873]] Egypt K002456613 Yes
s.coll. [1403] Greece K002456420 No
Muschler, R. [s.n.] Egypt K002456602 Yes
Haines, R.W. [W1569] Iraq K002456596 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002456340 Yes
Field, H.; Lazar, Y. [499] Iraq K002456598 Yes
{Bonnet; Willmott, E.A.} [s.n.] France K002456361 Yes
Willmott, E.A. [s.n.] France K002456358 Yes
Bianoar-Marie [s.n.] K002456382 Yes
Vigurs, C.C. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002456312 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Switzerland K002456345 Yes
[Mostorez sun] [s.n.] United Kingdom K002456332 Yes
[Feur] [38] Austria K002456347 Yes
Taylor, N.P. [4] France K002456355 Yes
Clarke, C.B. [s.n.] Italy K002456371 Yes
{Leggett} [21] Spain K002456384 Yes
Tedd, H.G. [527] K002456409 Yes
Edmondson, J.R. [684] Iran K002456589 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002456334 Yes


  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
  • Flora of Iraq

    • Ghazanfar, S. A., Edmondson, J. R. (Eds). (2013-2019). Flora of Iraq, Volumes 5.1, 5.2 and 6.0. Kew Publishing
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
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    • Copyright applied to individual images