Family:
Apiaceae Lindl.

Torilis chrysocarpa Boiss. & C.I.Blanche

This species is accepted, and its native range is Lebanon to Iran.

[FIQ]

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2014) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 2: Lythraceae to Campanulaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Slender, erect annual, 20–30 cm
Morphology Stem
Stem terete, finely striate, thinly furnished with downwardly appressed hairs, branched from the middle or below
Morphology Leaves
Leaves bipinnate, deltoid-ovate in outline, segments deeply incised with acute, 3–7 × 1–2 mm lanceolate teeth, lower with a 3–5 cm petiole, uppermost trisect with a long terminal segment and finally much reduced; sheaths narrow, white-margined
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Umbels rather few, terminal and leaf-opposed, peduncles slender, 1.5–4 cm; rays 2 or 3(–4), subequal, 6–13 mm, thinly hairy Partial umbels 3–6-flowered, pedicels short, 1–3 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Involucre
Involucre absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucel of 3–5 bracteoles, somewhat longer than pedicels
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white, small
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit ovoid, 3–4 × 1.5 mm; calyx teeth very small, secondary ridges very densely furnished with 1 or 2 rows of subulate, whitish, glochidiate spines; mericarps frequently heterocarpous, one bearing long fine spines longer than the diameter of fruit, the other with the spines shorter. Primary ridges with 1 or 2 rows of longitudinally appressed hairs
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigmas subsessile, style and stigma not longer than stylopodia.
Ecology
In mountains, in thicket and on shady banks between irrigated gardens; alt. 1000–1200 m
Phenology
Fruiting: Jun.
Distribution
Very rare in Iraq, found in the middle forest zone. Syria, Lebanon, Iran.

Native to:

Iran, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria

Torilis chrysocarpa Boiss. & C.I.Blanche appears in other Kew resources:

First published in P.E.Boissier, Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 2: 98 (1856)

Accepted by

  • Ghazanfar, S.A. & Edmondson, J.R. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Iraq 5(2): 1-349. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.

Not accepted by

  • Ghazanfar, S.A. & Edmondson, J.R. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Iraq 5(2): 1-349. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad. [Cited as Torilis arvensis.]

Literature

Flora of Iraq

  • Boiss., Diagn. ser. 2, 2: 98 (1856);
  • Mouterde, Nouv. Fl. Lib. Et Syr. 2: 592 (1970);
  • Peev in Rech. f., Fl. Iranica 162: 126 (1987).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Ghazanfar, S.A. & Edmondson, J.R. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Iraq 5(2): 1-349. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.

  • Flora of Iraq

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0