Family:
Apiaceae Lindl.

Torilis leptocarpa (Hochst.) C.C.Towns.

This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Turkey to N. Iran.

[FIQ]

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2014) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 2: Lythraceae to Campanulaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Erect annual, 30–55 cm
Morphology Stem
Stem terete, finely striate, very thinly furnished with downwardly strigulose hairs, with long ascending branches from near the base or above only
Morphology Leaves
Leaves bi- to subtri-pinnate, deeply cut into short, narrowly lanceolate, 2–4 × 0.6–1 mm subacute segments, thinly appressed-hairy; lower leaves with a petiole to 4 cm long, lamina deltoid-oblong, the upper more pronouncedly deltoid; sheaths narrow, with narrow whitish margins
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Umbels few to many, leaf-opposed, on 3–12(–15) cm peduncles longer than the subtending leaf or terminal, with (3–)6–9(–12) thinly appressed-hairy, subequal, 1.5–3(– 3.5) cm rays Partial umbels 8–15-flowered, pedicels unequal, mostly 2–6 mm, some as long as the fruit but central fruit ± sessile with shorter spines than the remainder
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Involucre
Involucre absent or of a single linear bract
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucel of about 8 subulate bracteoles, shorter than or subequalling the outer pedicels
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white, petals persistent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit linear, ± 6 × 1 mm, calyx teeth small, secondary ridges with ± 12 whitish glochidiate spines 2 × as long as the diameter of mericarps and uniseriate or irregularly biseriate. Primary ridges with 1 or 2(–3) rows of longitudinally appressed hairs
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Styles ± 1.5 mm, slender, divaricate.
Ecology
On a disturbed hill slope, lately quarried, in Quercus woodland, in a low mountain valley and on steppic plain, on irrigated land; alt. (± 5–) 400–900 m
Phenology
Flowering and fruiting: June.
Distribution
Rather rare in Iraq; found in the lower forest zone, moist steppe zone and on alluvial plain in the desert region. Syria, Turkey (E Anatolia), N Iran.

Native to:

Iran, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria, Turkey

Torilis leptocarpa (Hochst.) C.C.Towns. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jun 12, 1963 Sintenis, P.E.E. [2589], Turkey K000695520 Yes
Agnew [W7170], Iraq Torilis stenocarpa K000695519 holotype Yes

First published in Kew Bull. 17: 434 (1963 publ. 1964)

Accepted by

  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1972). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 4: 1-657. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. & Edmondson, J.R. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Iraq 5(2): 1-349. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Hedge, I.C., Lamond, J.M. & Rechinger, K.H. (1987). Flora Iranica 162: 1-555. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.

Literature

Flora of Iraq

  • C.C.Towns. in in Kew Bull. 17: 434 (1964);
  • Cullen in 4: 523 (1972);
  • Peev in Fl. Iranica 162: 128 (1987).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1972). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 4: 1-657. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.

  • Flora of Iraq

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images