Family:
Apiaceae Lindl.

Torilis stocksiana (Boiss.) Drude

This species is accepted, and its native range is Arabian Peninsula, Caucasus to Central Asia and Pakistan.

[FIQ]

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2014) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 2: Lythraceae to Campanulaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Erect or decumbent-erect annual, 15–40 cm
Morphology Stem
Stem terete, finely striate, thinly furnished with downwardly appressed strigulose hairs, branched from the base upwards
Morphology Leaves
Leaves all similar, appressed-hairy, bi- to subtri-pinnate, the ultimate divisions short, subacute, linearlanceolate, 2.5–6 × 0.75–1.5 mm; lower leaves with a 2–8 cm petiole, lamina elliptic- or deltoid-oblong in outline, the upper short, more pronouncedly deltoid, sessile; all with rather long, expanded, white-margined sheaths
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Umbels many, leaf-opposed, the peduncles shorter than the subtending leaves, 0.8–6 cm; rays 2–3, thinly appressed-hairy, short, 0–12 mm, very unequal, the umbel appearing very dense, one partial umbel being generally subsessile Partial umbel 6–8-flowered, the pedicels short (to 2 mm, but several fruit often sessile)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Involucre
Involucre absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucel of about 6 linear bracteoles, exceeding the pedicels
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white or pinkish, small
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 3.5–4 × 1.5–1.7 mm, oblong, surmounted by the short, pale calyx teeth, the secondary ridges furnished with long (longer than the diameter of the mericarps) whitish or stramineous glochidiate spines
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Styles short, divaricate, rather longer than the stylopodia
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds Endosperm
Endosperm more bluntly angled than in T. leptophylla.
Ecology
In the lower mountains by the edge of streams and on grassy river banks, in shady irrigated gardens, on the plains in shady hollows in fields, along ditches and irrigation channels, in orchards and date gardens, on damp waste ground; alt. 570–1400 m
Phenology
Flowering and fruiting: May–Jun. in the mountains, Mar.–Apr. (–May) on the plains.
Distribution
Occasional in the lower forest zone and steppe region of Iraq, quite common on the irrigated alluvial plain in the desert region. Arabia, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan.
Note
Quite a common weed in gardens and fields; LIZZAIJ (“clingweed”), Ir.-Baghdad/Ba’quba, Lazar 3895/Gillett & Rawi 7283). Although fruit spines’ colour in many umbellifer varies from white to purplish, spines in this species appear to be constantly pale.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, North Caucasus, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Transcaucasus, Turkmenistan

Torilis stocksiana (Boiss.) Drude appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Stocks, J.E. [775] Caucalis stocksiana K000695536 Yes
Stocks, J.E. [775] Caucalis stocksiana K000695535 Unknown type material Yes

First published in H.G.A.Engler & K.A.E.Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3(8): 156 (1898)

Accepted by

  • Ghazanfar, S.A. & Edmondson, J.R. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Iraq 5(2): 1-349. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (2007). Flora of Oman 2: 1-220. National Botanic Garden of Belgium, Meise.
  • Hedge, I.C., Lamond, J.M. & Rechinger, K.H. (1987). Flora Iranica 162: 1-555. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) in Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2012). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 3(2): 1-623. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.

Literature

Flora of Iraq

  • Drude, Pflanzenfam. 3(8): 156 (1898);
  • Ghazanfar, Fl. Oman Vol. 2.
  • H. Riedl in Fl. Lowland Iraq: 456 (1964);
  • Peev in Fl. Iranica 162: 129 (1987);
  • Schischkin in Fl. SSSR 16: 164 (1950);

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (2007). Flora of Oman 2: 1-220. National Botanic Garden of Belgium, Meise.
  • Hedge, I.C., Lamond, J.M. & Rechinger, K.H. (1987). Flora Iranica 162: 1-555. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) in Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2012). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 3(2): 1-623. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.

  • Flora of Iraq

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0