Antiaris toxicaria (J.F.Gmel.) Lesch.

This species is accepted, and its native range is S. India, Sri Lanka, S. China to W. & Central Malesia.

[FZ]

Moraceae, C. C. Berg. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

Morphology General Habit
Tree up to 40(60) m. tall.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf lamina elliptic to oblong or almost obovate, when juvenile often lanceolate, (2)6–15(32) x (1.5)3–12 cm., coriaceous, often chartaceous when juvenile; apex shortly acuminate to obtuse or subacute; base obtuse to subcordate or sometimes subacute; margin subentire or denticulate, often dentate when juvenile; superior surface puberulous or scabridulous, hirtellous on the midrib; inferior surface puberulous, hispidulous, sometimes tomentose; lateral veins (5)7–14 pairs, tertiary venation partly scalariform; petiole 3–10 mm. long; stipules 3–10(15) mm. long, caducous.
sex Male
Staminate inflorescences 0.6–1.2(2) cm. in diam.; peduncle 5–15(18) mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Pistillate inflorescences 3–4 cm. in diam., sessile or with a peduncle 3–6 mm. long; stigmas (2)5–8(10) mm. long. Staminate inflorescences 0.6–1.2(2) cm. in diam.; peduncle 5–15(18) mm. long.
sex Female
Pistillate inflorescences 3–4 cm. in diam., sessile or with a peduncle 3–6 mm. long; stigmas (2)5–8(10) mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits Infructescences
Infructescences ellipsoid, sometimes ovoid or globose, 1–1.5 x 0.8–1

[FTEA]

Moraceae, C.C. Berg (University of Bergen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

Morphology General Habit
Tree up to 40(–60) m.
Morphology Leaves
Lamina coriaceous, when juvenile often chartaceous, elliptic to oblong or ± obovate, when juvenile often lanceolate, (2–)6–15(–32) × (1.5–)3–12 cm., apex shortly acuminate to obtuse or subacute, base obtuse to subcordate or, less often, subacute, margin subentire or denticulate, when juvenile often dentate, puberulous to densely ± stiffly hairy; lateral veins (5–)7–14 pairs, tertiary venation partly scalariform; petiole 3–10 mm. long; stipules 3–10(–15) mm. long, caducous.
sex Male
Staminate inflorescences 0.6–1.2(–2) cm. in diameter; peduncle 0.5–1.5(–1.8) cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Pistillate inflorescences 3–4 cm. in diameter, sessile or with a peduncle up to 3–6 mm. long; stigmas (2–)5–8(–10) mm. long. Staminate inflorescences 0.6–1.2(–2) cm. in diameter; peduncle 0.5–1.5(–1.8) cm. long.
sex Female
Pistillate inflorescences 3–4 cm. in diameter, sessile or with a peduncle up to 3–6 mm. long; stigmas (2–)5–8(–10) mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits Infructescences
Infructescences ellipsoid, sometimes ovoid or globose, 1–1.5 × 0.8–1 cm.
Distribution
west to Senegal, north to S. Sudan, south to Angola and Zambia, with two subspecies in Madagascar and one in Asia K5 K7 T1 T2 T3 T6 U1 U2 U3 U4

Native to:

Andaman Is., Angola, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nigeria, Northern Territory, Queensland, Rwanda, Santa Cruz Is., Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre

Introduced into:

Fiji, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Wallis-Futuna Is.

Antiaris toxicaria (J.F.Gmel.) Lesch. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 1978 Mildbraed, G. W. J. [10556], Cameroon K000181724 No
Jan 1, 1956 Stocks, J.E. [s.n.] K001051042 Yes
Verdcourt, B. [3957], Kenya 32048.000 No
Nooteboom [5995], Indonesia K000618256 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 7494] K001127404 Yes

First published in Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. 16: 478 (1810)

Accepted by

  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Berg, C.C., Corner, E.J.H. & Jarrett, F.M. (2006). Flora Malesiana 17(1): 1-154. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hancock, I.R. & Henderson, C.P. (1988). Flora of the Solomon Islands Research Bulletin Dodo Creek Research Station 7: 1-203.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2003). Flora of China 5: 1-505. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Berg, C.C., Corner, E.J.H. & Jarrett, F.M. (2006). Flora Malesiana 17(1): 1-154. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • C.C. Berg in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 47: 309, 310 (1977).
  • C.C. Berg in Fl. Cameroun 28: 106, t. 36, 37 (1985).
  • Corner in Gard. Bull. Singapore 19: 244 (1962).
  • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 308 (1961).
  • Hamilton, Ug. For. Trees: 93 (1981).
  • Leschen. in Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 16: 478, t. 22 (1810).
  • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 233 (1952).

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