Antiaris toxicaria (J.F.Gmel.) Lesch.

First published in Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. 16: 478 (1810)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is S. India, Sri Lanka, S. China to W. & Central Malesia. It is a tree and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome.

Descriptions

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/61210500/61210508

Conservation
LC - least concern
[IUCN]

Moraceae, C. C. Berg. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

Morphology General Habit
Tree up to 40(60) m. tall.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf lamina elliptic to oblong or almost obovate, when juvenile often lanceolate, (2)6–15(32) x (1.5)3–12 cm., coriaceous, often chartaceous when juvenile; apex shortly acuminate to obtuse or subacute; base obtuse to subcordate or sometimes subacute; margin subentire or denticulate, often dentate when juvenile; superior surface puberulous or scabridulous, hirtellous on the midrib; inferior surface puberulous, hispidulous, sometimes tomentose; lateral veins (5)7–14 pairs, tertiary venation partly scalariform; petiole 3–10 mm. long; stipules 3–10(15) mm. long, caducous.
sex Male
Staminate inflorescences 0.6–1.2(2) cm. in diam.; peduncle 5–15(18) mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Pistillate inflorescences 3–4 cm. in diam., sessile or with a peduncle 3–6 mm. long; stigmas (2)5–8(10) mm. long. Staminate inflorescences 0.6–1.2(2) cm. in diam.; peduncle 5–15(18) mm. long.
sex Female
Pistillate inflorescences 3–4 cm. in diam., sessile or with a peduncle 3–6 mm. long; stigmas (2)5–8(10) mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits Infructescences
Infructescences ellipsoid, sometimes ovoid or globose, 1–1.5 x 0.8–1
[FZ]

Moraceae, C.C. Berg (University of Bergen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

Morphology General Habit
Tree up to 40(–60) m.
Morphology Leaves
Lamina coriaceous, when juvenile often chartaceous, elliptic to oblong or ± obovate, when juvenile often lanceolate, (2–)6–15(–32) × (1.5–)3–12 cm., apex shortly acuminate to obtuse or subacute, base obtuse to subcordate or, less often, subacute, margin subentire or denticulate, when juvenile often dentate, puberulous to densely ± stiffly hairy; lateral veins (5–)7–14 pairs, tertiary venation partly scalariform; petiole 3–10 mm. long; stipules 3–10(–15) mm. long, caducous.
sex Male
Staminate inflorescences 0.6–1.2(–2) cm. in diameter; peduncle 0.5–1.5(–1.8) cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Pistillate inflorescences 3–4 cm. in diameter, sessile or with a peduncle up to 3–6 mm. long; stigmas (2–)5–8(–10) mm. long. Staminate inflorescences 0.6–1.2(–2) cm. in diameter; peduncle 0.5–1.5(–1.8) cm. long.
sex Female
Pistillate inflorescences 3–4 cm. in diameter, sessile or with a peduncle up to 3–6 mm. long; stigmas (2–)5–8(–10) mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits Infructescences
Infructescences ellipsoid, sometimes ovoid or globose, 1–1.5 × 0.8–1 cm.
Distribution
K5 K7 T1 T2 T3 T6 U1 U2 U3 U4 west to Senegal, north to S. Sudan, south to Angola and Zambia, with two subspecies in Madagascar and one in Asia
[FTEA]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images