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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, SW. Arabian Peninsula, Comoros, Madagascar.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FWTA]

Ulmaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
An understorey forest tree, to 50 ft. or more high
Morphology Trunk Slash
Slash mottled dark brown and grey.

[FZ]

Ulmaceae, C. M. Wilmot-Dear. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

Morphology General Habit
A spreading tree to 30(35) m. tall, or a shrub, mostly deciduous, monoecious; bole slightly fluted, bark smooth, whitish-grey often pinkish-blotched; freshly cut wood unpleasant-smelling; young stems and branches densely tawny pubescent-tomentose.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3–9 x 2.5–5.5 cm. (juvenile leaves up to 13 x 7 cm.), broadly or narrowly ovate to ovate-lanceolate; apex acuminate; base rounded to cuneate and strongly asymmetrical; margin coarsely dentate-serrate in the upper two thirds, rarely crenate or subentire; lamina thinly or thickly chartaceous, ± scabrous, young foliage often densely tawny-pubescent on both sides, later glabrescent except on nerves below; 3-nerved from the base, basal lateral nerves extending well into upper half, upper lateral nerves 1–2 on each side of the midrib, all lateral nerves prominent below; petiole 2.5–5(10) mm. long; stipules linear to linear-obovate, 3–8 mm. long, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences precocious; those cymes borne in the lower leaf axils and at the nodes below contain 3-many clustered male flowers on pedicels 1.5–5 mm. long; those cymes borne in the uppermost leaf axils contain 1-several bisexual flowers on pedicels 10–17 mm. long; intermediate cymules consisting of both male and bisexual flowers; axis and pedicels usually densely tawny-pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4–5, 1.5–2.5 mm. long, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary densely pubescent; styles unbranched, 1.5–3.5(4) mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit orange, (4)5–7(8) x 3–6 mm. (dried), subglobose, less often ovoid-ellipsoid, pubescent; pedicels 10–25 mm. long.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Deciduous tree, up to 30 m tall; bark pale grey to whitish, smooth, usually ridged; young twigs pubescent
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blade ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 5–10 x 2–5.5 cm, acuminate at the apex, slightly unequal-sided at the base, upper two-thirds serrate, pubescent to subglabrous with hairs usually present on the veins beneath and in tufts in the angles of the lateral veins, basal veins extending into the upper part of the blade; petiole 1–5 mm long; stipules linear, 4–6 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes axillary, of 3–15(–35) male flowers on 1–4 mm long pedicels; uppermost cymules of 1–several bisexual flowers on pedicels up to c. 17 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4–5, c. 1.5–3 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary hairy, with simple styles up to 4 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupe ellipsoid-globose, c. 5 mm long, yellow-orange, pubescent, on an elongated pedicel.
Distribution
N1, 2 widespread in tropical Africa from Eritrea, Ethiopia and Sudan westwards to Ghana, southwards to the Cape Province and Angola; Yemen
Ecology
Altitude range 1650– 2000 m.
Vernacular
Bo-odaar, debi boder (Somali).

[FTEA]

Ulmaceae, R. M. Polhill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1966

Morphology General Habit
Deciduous tree, 5–35 m. tall, with smooth grey bark and often slight horizontal annular ridges (ring marked).
Morphology Twigs
Young twigs tawny pubescent to tomentose.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 5–10.2 cm. long, 2–5.5 cm. wide, acuminate, rounded and a little unequal-sided at the base, serrate in the upper two-thirds, pubescent, ultimately subglabrous except on the nerves beneath, ± scabrous, with the basal lateral nerves extending well into the upper half and the upper prominent lateral nerves 1–2 on each side of the midrib; petiole 1–5 mm. long.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules linear, 4–6 mm. long, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes in the lower leaf axils and at the nodes below of 3–15 clustered ♂ flowers with 1.5–4 mm. long pedicels; uppermost cymules of 1–several hermaphroditeflowers with long slender 10–17 mm. long pedicels; intermediate ones polygamous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4–5, 1.5–3 mm. long, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary densely hairy; styles unbranched, 2.5–4 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits on 10–25 mm. long pedicels, subglobose, ± 5 mm. long, orange, pubescent.
Habitat
Dry evergreen and riverine forest, also upland rain-forest; 30–2400 m.
Distribution
K3 K4 K5 T1 T2 T5 T7 U1 U2 U3 U4 Z widespread from Arabia to the Cape Province of South Africa and from the Sudan Republic to Nigeria and Angola

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Comoros, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Celtis africana Burm.f. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1982 Schimper [1162], Ethiopia K000243035
Jan 1, 1982 Ethiopia K000442480 Unknown type material
Ash [1963], Ethiopia 35536.000
Ash [1539], Ethiopia 35709.000
Welw. [6307], Angola K000243037
Welwitch [6308], Angola K000243038
Welw. [6286], Angola K000243039
Drege [s.n.], Cape Province K000243046
Galpin, E.E. [1890], Cape Provinces K000243047
Cape Province K000243048
Drege [8261.a.], Cape Province K000243049
Schult. [196], Cape Provinces K000243050
Drege [8261.b.], Cape Province K000243051
Zeyher [570], Cape Province K000243052
Cape Province K000243054
Yalala, A.M. [152], Botswana K000285539
Hansen, O.J. [3432], Botswana K000285540
Robson, N.K.B. [579], Malawi K000285541
Drege [s.n.], Cape Province Celtis kraussiana K000243053

First published in Fl. Indica, Prodr. Fl. Cap.: 31 (1768)

Accepted by

  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Masharabu, T., Bigendako, M.J., Lejoly, J., Nkengurutse, J., Noret, N., Bizuru, E. & Bogaert, J. (2010). Etude analytique de la flore et de la végétation du Parc National de la Ruvubu, Burundi International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences 4: 834-856.
  • Miller, A.G. & Cope, T.A. (1996). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 1: 1-586. Edinburgh university press.
  • Polhill, R.M. (1966). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Ulmaceae: 1-14.
  • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Brenan in Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 9, 1: 75 (1954).
  • Prod. Fl. Cap. 31 (1768)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Masharabu, T., Bigendako, M.J., Lejoly, J., Nkengurutse, J., Noret, N., Bizuru, E. & Bogaert, J. (2010). Etude analytique de la flore et de la végétation du Parc National de la Ruvubu, Burundi International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences 4: 834-856.
  • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by S. Fici [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Brenan in Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 9: 75 (1954).
  • Burm. f., Prodr. Fl. Cap.: 31 (1768).
  • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 574, fig. 104 (1961).
  • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 22 (1962).
  • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 592 (1958).
  • Polhill in Kew Bulletin 19: 139 (1964).
  • Verdoorn in Fl. Pl. Afr. 31, t. 1210 (1956).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0