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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Comoros, Madagascar.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Ulmaceae, C. M. Wilmot-Dear. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

Morphology General Habit
Deciduous tree to 3–30(60) m. tall, monoecious or dioecious; bole often fluted or buttressed, bark smooth light grey, wood unpleasant smelling; young stems and branches whitish-pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves (5)6–16 x 2–5(7) cm., ovate-elliptic to oblong-elliptic; apex long-acuminate; base cuneate to rounded, asymmetrical; margin entire or with a few coarse teeth, (juvenile foliage up to 21 x 9 cm., with apex hardly acuminate and margin coarsely dentate in upper half); lamina membranous-chartaceous, glabrescent, often scabrid, 3-nerved from the base with the basal lateral nerves not or hardly extending into the upper half; upper lateral nerves (2)3–6 on each side of the midrib, prominent above, more strongly so below, usually making an angle of less than 45 degrees with the midrib; petiole 4–8 mm. long; stipules 2–6 mm. long, linear to linear-oblong, whitish pubescent, caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers precocious; male flowers in numerous, crowded, few-many-flowered cymes, pedicels 3–7 mm. long; female and bisexual flowers few or solitary, axillary or at nodes below, pedicels often longer.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4–5, 1.2–2 mm. long, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary ± pubescent or glabrous; styles unbranched, 2–2.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit dark yellowish, 4–6(7) x 3–5 mm., conical-ovoid, often 4-angled when dry, glabrous, pedicel 3–10 mm. long.

[FTEA]

Ulmaceae, R. M. Polhill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1966

Morphology General Habit
Much branched monoecious or usually dioecious deciduous tree, 5–25 m. tall, with smooth light grey bark; dead wood with a peculiar foetid smell.
Morphology Twigs
Twigs pubescent or rarely subglabrous; lenticels prominent on the older branchlets.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades membranous or chartaceous, oblanceolate, oblong-elliptic or ovate, 5.5–16.5 cm. long, 2.2–7.5 cm. wide, long-acuminate, cuneate to rounded at the base, slightly unequal-sided, entire or rarely with a few coarse teeth, glabrescent, 3-nerved from the base, with the basal lateral nerves extending little into the upper half and the upper prominent lateral nerves 3–6 on each side of the midrib; petiole 5–8 mm. long.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules linear-oblong, 4–5 mm. long, pubescent, caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymules of ♂ flowers often precocious, crowded, with short 2–6 mm. long pedicels;♀ and hermaphroditeflowers axillary or at the nodes below, few, with 3–7 mm. long pedicels.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4–5, 1.5–2.5 mm. long, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary glabrous or puberulous; styles unbranched, 2–3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits conic-ovoid, 4-angled when dry, 4–6 mm. long, 3–4 mm. across, glabrous.
Figures
Fig. 2, p. 6.
Habitat
Lowland and upland rain-forest; 300-2000 m.
Distribution
K1 K4 K5 T2 T3 T6 T7 U2 U3 U4 Mozambique, Zambia and Rhodesia to the Cape Province of South Africa, also Congo Republic and Angola to Nigeria and S. Tomé

[FWTA]

Ulmaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
A forest tree to 70 ft. or more high
Morphology Trunk Slash
Slash pale grey, thickly speckled with chocolate-brown.

Native to:

Angola, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Comoros, Ethiopia, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Celtis gomphophylla Baker appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Aug 1, 2005 Darbyshire, I. [235], Cameroon K000199810
Nov 1, 2003 Cable, S. [2874], Cameroon K000197964
Nov 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [2486], Cameroon K000197963
Toll, C [108], Zimbabwe K000243040
Baron, R. [3697], Madagascar K000243044 Unknown type material
Swynnerton, C.F.M. [108], Zimbabwe Celtis durandii K000442487 Unknown type material

First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 22: 521 (1887)

Accepted by

  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0