Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Bioko, Cameroon to Ethiopia and S. Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FWTA]

Urticaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
A robust perennial herb, to 3 ft. high
Ecology
In montane forest.

[FZ]

Urticaceae, I. Friis. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

Morphology General Habit
Annual or short-lived perennial herbs to 1.5 m. tall, monoecious, with numerous stinging hairs on all aerial parts, but without glandular hairs; stems soft but somewhat woody at the base, erect or decumbent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves usually fallen from lower part of the stem at anthesis, 8–15 x 4–8 cm., ovate; apex acuminate; base cuneate, rounded or subcordate; margin coarsely serrate with 25–35 teeth per side less than 5 mm. long; upper surface of lamina with stinging hairs and a few stiff hairs, lower surface pubescent.
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petiole 5–10(12) cm. long.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules up to 1.5 cm. long, lanceolate, fused for more than half of their length.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences unisexual, much branched panicles; male inflorescences up to 10 cm. long, usually in the axils of the lower leaves; female inflorescences up to 20 cm. long, usually in the axils of the upper leaves, on peduncles 4–9 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers pedicellate, in clusters 2–3 mm. in diam., perianth 4-merous, mostly with stinging hairs. Female flowers with broadly winged pedicels, wings broadening to c. 1.3 mm. in fruit; flowers in fan-shaped clusters, perianth tepals unequal, stigma filiform.
sex Male
Male flowers pedicellate, in clusters 2–3 mm. in diam., perianth 4-merous, mostly with stinging hairs.
sex Female
Female flowers with broadly winged pedicels, wings broadening to c. 1.3 mm. in fruit; flowers in fan-shaped clusters, perianth tepals unequal, stigma filiform.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achene slightly stipitate, c. 1 mm. long, laterally compressed with the centre of the flattened sides irregularly rugose, shed with the perianth.

[FTEA]

Urticaceae, I. Friis University of Copenhagen, Denmark. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

Morphology General Habit
Robust annual or short-lived perennial herb, up to 1.5 m. high, monoecious.
Morphology Stem
Stems soft, but usually somewhat lignified at base, erect or decumbent, little branched, usually with sparse to dense stinging hairs when young, rarely glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves usually fallen from the lower part of the stem at anthesis; stipules lanceolate, united for more than 1/2 their length, glabrescent, up to 1.5 cm. long; petiole (2.5–)5–12 cm. long, pubescent, usually densely beset with stinging hairs, rarely completely without; lamina ovate, rarely elliptic-ovate, (4–)8–15(–20) cm. long, (2–)4–8(–10) cm. wide, base broadly cuneate to subcordate, margin on each side with 25–35 pointed teeth less than 0.5 cm. long, apex acuminate; lateral nerves 4–6 pairs, basal pair reaching 10th–14th tooth from apex; upper surface with dense or sparse scattered stinging hairs and punctiform cystoliths, lower surface glabrous except for stinging hairs on the nerves, or pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences loosely branching, unisexual panicles, with up to ± 8 side-branches bearing clusters of flowers; ♀ inflorescences in upper leaf-axils, up to 18 cm. long, on peduncles 4–9 cm. long, often reaching above the leaves, with the individual flower-clusters of a characteristic fan-shaped appearance, usually densely beset with stinging hairs; ♂ inflorescences in axils below the ♀ ones, up to 10 cm. long, on peduncles 0.5–1 cm. long.
sex Male
Male flowers in clusters 2–3 mm. in diameter, on ± 1.5 mm. long pedicels, perianth 0.5–1 mm. in diameter, 4-merous, usually with stinging hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers:pedicel ± 1 mm. long, at anthesis with narrow lateral ridges which broaden in fruit to wings up to 1.3 mm. wide, stinging hairs dense to sparse, bristly hairs usually in 2 lines or sometimes evenly distributed; tepals:the 2 lateral ones the largest, the dorsal one somewhat geniculate, becoming more so after anthesis, when the fruit inflexes under the lateral wings of the pedicel; ovary with filiform unbranched stigma up to 2 mm. long. Male flowers in clusters 2–3 mm. in diameter, on ± 1.5 mm. long pedicels, perianth 0.5–1 mm. in diameter, 4-merous, usually with stinging hairs.
sex Female
Female flowers:pedicel ± 1 mm. long, at anthesis with narrow lateral ridges which broaden in fruit to wings up to 1.3 mm. wide, stinging hairs dense to sparse, bristly hairs usually in 2 lines or sometimes evenly distributed; tepals:the 2 lateral ones the largest, the dorsal one somewhat geniculate, becoming more so after anthesis, when the fruit inflexes under the lateral wings of the pedicel; ovary with filiform unbranched stigma up to 2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achene shortly stipitate, laterally compressed, with centre of flattened sides irregularly rugose, pale brown, margin smooth and black to brown, ± 2 mm. in diameter, dispersed without the perianth.
Figures
Fig. 6/E, p. 22 & 7/E, p. 24.
Habitat
In undergrowth of upland rain-forest, Hagenia forest and mountain bamboo thicket, usually near water; 1400–3500 m.
Distribution
K3 K4 K5 K6 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 U2 U3

Native to:

Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Ethiopia, Gulf of Guinea Is., Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Laportea alatipes Hook.f. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2004 Ghogue, J.-P. [1010], Cameroon K000198603
Jan 1, 2004 Cheek, M. [10750], Cameroon K000198604
May 1, 2001 Sebsebe [5083], Cameroon K000051215
Dec 1, 2000 Cable, S. [3093], Cameroon K000746994
Dec 1, 2000 Zapfack, L. [755], Cameroon K000746991
Dec 1, 2000 Cable, S. [2979], Cameroon K000746992
Jun 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [2231], Cameroon K000746993
May 1, 2000 Cheek, M. [8436], Cameroon K000746995
May 1, 2000 Kamundi, D. [633], Cameroon K000746998
May 1, 2000 Cheek, M. [8438], Cameroon K000746996
Mar 1, 1997 Munyenyembe, P. [717], Cameroon K000746997
Jan 1, 1993 Thomas, D.W. [9394], Cameroon K000011594
Jan 1, 1993 Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [386], Cameroon K000011593
Jan 1, 1993 Manning, S.D. [422], Cameroon K000181348
Jan 1, 1981 Brunt, M.A. [600], Cameroon K000181347
Jan 1, 1981 Hepper, F.N. [2171], Cameroon K000181350
Jul 1, 1967 Letouzey, R. [8894], Cameroon K000181346
Nov 3, 1954 Preuss P.R. [916], Cameroon K000181360 Unknown type material
Nov 3, 1954 Preuss P.R. [916], Cameroon K000181361 Unknown type material
Nov 1, 1954 Maitland, T.D. [1740 A], Cameroon K000181357
Nov 1, 1954 Maitland, T.D. [1368], Cameroon K000181354
Jan 1, 1954 Maitland, T.D. [989], Cameroon K000181355
South Africa K000242867
Cooper, T. [1128], South Africa K000242868
Wood, J. M. [s.n.], South Africa K000242869
Mann G. [1973], Cameroon K000181363 Unknown type material
Mann G. [1973], Cameroon K000181362 Unknown type material
Harris, T. [442], Mozambique K000613878
Brenan, J.P.M. [9529], Cameroon K000181358
Coll. Nat. d'Agric. de Dschang [1826], Cameroon K000181359
Migeod, F. [20], Cameroon K000181352
Ujor, E.U. [29958], Cameroon K000181356

First published in J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 7: 215 (1863)

Accepted by

  • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Friis, I. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Urticaceae: 1-64.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Harris, T., Darbyshire, I. & Polhill, R. (2011). New species and range extensions from Mt Namuli, Mt Mabu and Mt Chiperone in northern Mozambique Kew Bulletin 66: 241-251. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Hauman in Fl. Congo Belge 1: 194.
  • —F.T.A. 6, 2: 252

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Harris, T., Darbyshire, I. & Polhill, R. (2011). New species and range extensions from Mt Namuli, Mt Mabu and Mt Chiperone in northern Mozambique Kew Bulletin 66: 241-251. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 321 (1974).
  • Chew in Gard. Bull., Singapore 25: 124 (1969).
  • Hauman in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 1: 194 (1948).
  • Hook.f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 7: 215 (1864).
  • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2,1: 620 (1958).
  • Letouzey in Fl. Cameroun 8: 117, 1.t. 8 (1968).
  • Rendle in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(2): 252 (1917).
  • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 71, t. 6 (1948).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0