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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Urticaceae, I. Friis. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

Morphology General Habit
Perennial stoloniferous herbs, monoecious, with scattered stinging hairs, the main stem often prostrate with erect shoots, up to 2 m. tall, slightly branched.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 8–10 x 4–6 cm., ovate; apex acute to acuminate; base usually subcordate to rounded; margin crenate to serrate; stinging hairs 0-few on upper surface, more numerous on lower surface, especially on the midribs.
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petioles 5–10 cm. long.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules up to 1 cm. long, almost glabrous except for a few stinging hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences unisexual. Male inflorescences often arising directly from the stolons, but sometimes also axillary from the erect stems, paniculate, up to 50 cm. long; male flowers gathered in dense clusters at intervals along the axis, pubescent, rarely with stinging hairs. Female inflorescence mostly axillary, but sometimes produced directly from the stolons, shortly racemose or paniculate, up to 6 cm. long, pubescent Male flowers on pedicels 1–2 mm. long; perianth up to 2 mm. long, tepals 5, non-corniculate, stamens 5, pistillode 1.
sex Male
Male inflorescences often arising directly from the stolons, but sometimes also axillary from the erect stems, paniculate, up to 50 cm. long; male flowers gathered in dense clusters at intervals along the axis, pubescent, rarely with stinging hairs.
sex Female
Female inflorescence mostly axillary, but sometimes produced directly from the stolons, shortly racemose or paniculate, up to 6 cm. long, pubescent Male flowers on pedicels 1–2 mm. long; perianth up to 2 mm. long, tepals 5, non-corniculate, stamens 5, pistillode 1. Female flowers on pedicels 1 mm. long; perianth up to 2 mm. long, tepals 4 almost equal, glabrous; stigma with 3 branches, a central longer one and 2 shorter lateral ones.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers on pedicels 1 mm. long; perianth up to 2 mm. long, tepals 4 almost equal, glabrous; stigma with 3 branches, a central longer one and 2 shorter lateral ones.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achene up to 3 mm. long, rugose; geocarpic fruits may occur.

[FTEA]

Urticaceae, I. Friis University of Copenhagen, Denmark. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

Morphology General Habit
Perennial stoloniferous herb, sometimes almost entirely prostrate except for the erect ♂ inflorescences; erect shoots up to 1.25 m. high.
Morphology Stem
Stems somewhat woody at base, pubescent to glabrescent, sometimes with short ± appressed stinging hairs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves very variable in size and shape, usually restricted to the erect shoots, but sometimes also from the stolons; stipules linear–lanceolate, fused for at least 1/2 their length, up to ± 1 cm. long, with few stiff, perhaps stinging hairs, otherwise glabrous; petiole 5–10 cm. long, glabrous to puberulous, sometimes with a few appressed stinging hairs; lamina ovate, 3.5–10 cm. long, 2–8 cm. wide, base truncate to rounded or very broadly cuneate, margin serrate, on each side with 13–28 teeth less than 0.5 cm. long, apex acuminate, with a terminal tooth up 1 cm. long; lateral nerves 4–7 pairs, basal pair reaching 6th–12th tooth from apex (slightly more than halfway to the apex); upper surface with short, stiff, presumably stinging hairs and punctiform cystoliths, lower surface with stiff, stinging hairs on the nerves.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences unisexual; ♂ inflorescences axillary or directly from the stolons, paniculate, with overall length up to ± 50 cm., usually with all the side-branches reduced to clusters, but occasionally with the lower branch developed, on a peduncle 10–20 cm. long, axes pubescent, somewhat juicy or fleshy, mostly conspicuously pinkish-brown, differing noticeably in colour and texture from the stems; ♀ inflorescences racemes or little branched panicle, up to 5 cm. long, sometimes in the axil of the upper leaves (not seen in material from Flora area), but mostly from stolons, and then usually geocarpic, axes thin, glabrous to puberulous, pinkish-red, up to ± 5 cm. long.
sex Male
Male flowers in cymose clusters up to 1.5 cm. in diameter, on pedicels up to 3 mm. long; perianth ± 2 mm. in diameter, 5-merous, tepals without appendages, sometimes with a few stinging hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers usually single or few together, on pedicels 0.5–2.5 mm. long; tepals subequal, up to ± 2 mm. long, the ventral one usually shorter; ovary slightly longer than the tepals; style with 3 branches, the longest up to ± 3 mm. long. Male flowers in cymose clusters up to 1.5 cm. in diameter, on pedicels up to 3 mm. long; perianth ± 2 mm. in diameter, 5-merous, tepals without appendages, sometimes with a few stinging hairs.
sex Female
Female flowers usually single or few together, on pedicels 0.5–2.5 mm. long; tepals subequal, up to ± 2 mm. long, the ventral one usually shorter; ovary slightly longer than the tepals; style with 3 branches, the longest up to ± 3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achene ovoid, laterally compressed, 3–4 mm. long, usually not stipitate and not reflexed, with a flattened wing-like outer zone, and a ridge surrounding a warted central area on each side, dispersed with the perianth.
Figures
Fig. 6/C, p. 22 & 7/B, p. 24.
Habitat
Lowland, transitional and upland rain-forest, swamp forest, along streams; 900–2000 m.
Distribution
K3 K5 T1 T4 U1 U2 U3 U4 widespread in West and Central Africa, from Sierra Leone to S. Sudan, south to Angola and Zimbabwe

[FWTA]

Urticaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
A creeping herb, sometimes half-shrubby
Morphology Leaves
Nettle-like leaves, usually beset stinging hairs
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Male inflorescence greenish-white on long naked peduncles, often directly from the underground stem.
sex Male
Male inflorescence greenish-white on long naked peduncles, often directly from the underground stem.

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Laportea ovalifolia (Schumach. & Thonn.) Chew appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Oct 1, 2005 Darbyshire, I. [334], Cameroon K000338106
Feb 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [1746], Cameroon K000198508
May 1, 2001 Ryan, P. [204], Cameroon K000051217
May 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [1609], Cameroon K000051218
May 1, 2001 Gosline, G. [114], Cameroon K000051216
Dec 1, 2000 Cable, S. [3122], Cameroon K000746999
Jul 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [2340], Cameroon K000747000
Mar 1, 1997 Cheek, M. [8614], Cameroon K000749670
Dec 1, 1996 Sunderland, T.C.H. [1262], Cameroon K000381395
Jan 1, 1995 Wheatley, J.I. [703], Cameroon K000011595
Jan 1, 1994 Ekema, N. [459], Cameroon K000615010
Jan 1, 1993 Manning, S.D. [140], Cameroon K000181329
Jan 1, 1993 Wheatley, J.I. [574], Cameroon K000011596
May 1, 1967 Maitland, T.D. [1123], Cameroon K000181333
Jan 1, 1967 Maitland, T.D. [512], Cameroon K000181331
Jan 1, 1967 Dalziel, J.M. [8201], Cameroon K000181332
Jan 1, 1958 Migeod, F. [126], Cameroon K000181341
Jan 1, 1954 Morton, J.K. [6721], Cameroon K000181335
Nigeria K000242844 Unknown type material
Welw. [s.n.], Angola K000242852
Welw. [6265] K000242853
Brenan, J.P.M. [9550], Cameroon K000181338
Brunt, M.A. [599], Cameroon K000181334
Hutchinson, J. [11], Cameroon K000181340
Brunt, M.A. [1062], Cameroon K000181337
Thompson, S.A. [1427], Cameroon K000181330
Hutchinson, J. [11], Cameroon K000181339
Hepper, F.N. [2109], Cameroon K000181342
Chuml, H. [156], Cameroon K000181336
Onochie [33263], Nigeria Fleurya ovalifolia 11213.000
Dawkins, H.C. [763], Uganda Fleurya ovalifolia 2673.000
Onochie, C.F.A. [FHI.34149], Nigeria Fleurya ovalifolia 31152.000

First published in Gard. Bull. Singapore 21: 201 (1965)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Friis, I. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Urticaceae: 1-64.
  • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Chew in Gard. Bull., Singapore 21: 201 (1965)
  • Chew in Gard. Bull., Singapore 25: 149 (1969).
  • Letouzey in Fl. Cameroun 8:131 (1968).
  • Troupin, Fl. Rwanda 1:157,fig.31/3A–E (1978).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0