Myrianthus arboreus P.Beauv.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

[FTEA]

Cecropiaceae, C. C. Berg (University of Bergen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

Morphology General Habit
Tree up to 10 m. tall or a shrub.
Morphology Leaves
Lamina ± 30 × 30 to ± 90 × 90 cm., 5–7-fid to -parted down to the petiole; segments sessile or stoutly petiolulate, margin rather irregularly (often coarsely and doubly) crenate- to serrate-dentate or -denticulate; upper surface hirtellous to puberulous on the main veins, lower surface whitish hirtellous on the main veins; petiole (15–) 25–55 cm. long, whitish hirtellous; stipules (1.5–)3–5 cm. long, whitish to pale yellow subsericeous or subhirsute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Staminate inflorescences ± 5–30 cm. in diameter; peduncle (7–) 13–21 cm. long; glomerules of flowers spike-like, 2–4 mm. in diameter. Pistillate inflorescences 2–3.5 cm., in fruit 6–10(–15) cm. in diameter; peduncle 2–6 cm. long; flowers ± 20–50; apex of the perianth almost flat; endocarp-body ± 1.6 × 0.7 cm.
sex Male
Staminate inflorescences ± 5–30 cm. in diameter; peduncle (7–) 13–21 cm. long; glomerules of flowers spike-like, 2–4 mm. in diameter.
sex Female
Pistillate inflorescences 2–3.5 cm., in fruit 6–10(–15) cm. in diameter; peduncle 2–6 cm. long; flowers ± 20–50; apex of the perianth almost flat; endocarp-body ± 1.6 × 0.7 cm.
Habitat
Rain-forest or swamp forest, in clearings and regrowth, riverine or lakesides; 700–1200 m.
Distribution
extending to S. Ethiopia, S. Sudan, N. Angola and to Guinée T4 U4

[FWTA]

Moraceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
A tree to 65 ft. high, with spreading branches from a short stem
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers yellow
sex Male
Male flowers yellow
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits yellow when ripe
Ecology
In forest regrowth and damp places in forest.

Native to:

Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre

Myrianthus arboreus P.Beauv. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Feb 1, 2010 Burgt, X.M. van der [899], Cameroon K000518669 No
Feb 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [253], Cameroon K000008392 No
Feb 1, 2003 Elad, M. [100], Cameroon K000008391 No
Jan 1, 1975 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [9937], Cameroon K000181794 No
Lane-Poole, C.E. [332], Sierra Leone 17080.000 No
Verdcourt, B. [129], Tanzania 22058.000 No
Bryce [52], Tanzania 2675.000 No
Illegible. [4495], Tanzania 29039.000 No
Tuley, P., Nigeria 29042.000 No
Strutisaker, T.T. [9], Cameroon 7328.000 No
Mann, G. [716], Cameroon K000181796 No
Binuyo, A. [35503], Cameroon K000181791 No
Brunt, M.A. [1013], Cameroon K000181790 No
Maitland, T.D. [0s.n129], Cameroon K000181797 No
Binuyo, A. [35503], Cameroon K000181792 No
Mann, G. [716], Cameroon K000181795 No

First published in Fl. Oware 1: 16 (1805)

Accepted by

  • Berg, C.C. & Hijman, M.E.E. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Moraceae: 1-95.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Harris, D.J. (2002). Vasc. Pl. Dzanga-Sangha: 1-274. National Botanic Garden (Belgium), Meise.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Aubrév. Fl. For. C. Iv. 1: 46, t. 8
  • Engl. Monogr. Afr. Morac. 37, t. 16
  • Hauman in Fl. Congo Belge 1: 83.
  • —F.T.A. 6, 2: 231

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • C.C. Berg et al. in Fl. Cameroun 28: 262, figs. 98, 99 (1985).
  • De Ruiter in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 46: 478, t. 2, 3 (1976).
  • Engl., Monographieen Afrikanischer Pflanzen-Familien und Gattungen 1: 37, t. 16 (1898).
  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 273 (1952).
  • Hamilton, For. Trees Ug.: 201 (1981).
  • Hauman in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 1: 83 (1948).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 363 (1949).
  • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 614 (1958).
  • P. Beauv., Fl. Oware 1: 16, t. 11, 12 (1805).
  • Peter, Flora von Deutsch-Ostafrika 2: 114 (1932).
  • Rendle in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(2): 231 (1917).
  • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 264 (1952).

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0