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This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to S. Africa, SW. Arabian Peninsula.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Urticaceae, I. Friis University of Copenhagen, Denmark. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

Morphology General Habit
Shrub up to 3(–5) m. high, with soft, juicy, but lignified stems with wide spongy pith or hollow centre, ultimate branchlets more than 1.5 mm. thick; bark longitudinally striate, greyish- or reddish-brown, inflorescence- and leaf-scars prominent, especially on young stems; dense curved or arachnoid hairs on the young parts, later glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves deciduous, slightly decreasing in size towards tip of the stems; stipules lanceolate, 3–5 mm. long, brown, puberulous, ciliolate; petiole 0.8–1.5(–2) cm. long, densely pubescent; lamina ovate, 2–8(–10) cm. long, 0.8–3(–7) cm. wide, base obliquely cuneate to rounded, margin entire, apex acuminate; lateral nerves 3–4 pairs, basal pair reaching the upper 3/4 of lamina; upper surface roughly velvety or scabrid, with scattered to dense stiff hairs and punctiform cystoliths, lower surface densely to slightly arachnoid to white-felted, felt sparse on veins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences dense bisexual axillary clusters with short linear bracts, appearing with young leaves, sessile in leaf-axils of current leaves or scattered along twigs in the axils of fallen leaves.
sex Male
Male flowers usually much more numerous than the ♀ ones, on pedicels ± 0.8 mm. long; perianth ± 1 mm. in diameter, (4–)5-merous, tepals densely pubescent, without hooked hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers few, sessile; perianth 1.5–2 mm. long, constricted at the crenulate apex, pubescent, with 3–8 longitudinal ridges, of which 2 are usually larger than the rest; ovary enclosed, except for the 2–4 mm. long straight or slightly curved stigma. Male flowers usually much more numerous than the ♀ ones, on pedicels ± 0.8 mm. long; perianth ± 1 mm. in diameter, (4–)5-merous, tepals densely pubescent, without hooked hairs.
sex Female
Female flowers few, sessile; perianth 1.5–2 mm. long, constricted at the crenulate apex, pubescent, with 3–8 longitudinal ridges, of which 2 are usually larger than the rest; ovary enclosed, except for the 2–4 mm. long straight or slightly curved stigma.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achene ± compressed, smooth, shiny, white to dark brown, 1.5–2.5 mm. long, persistent in and probably sometimes dispersed with the membranous perianth.
Figures
Fig. 13/A–F, p. 50,
Habitat
Wooded grassland, especially along edges of riverine forest or on rocky outcrops; 100–1200 m.
Distribution
T2 T4 T6 T7 T8 U2

[FZ]

Urticaceae, I. Friis. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs to 3(5) m. tall.
Morphology Stem
Stems of soft wood with a spongy pith or hollow centre, branchlets thick, more than 1.5 mm. in diam.; bark longitudinally striate, greyish or reddish-brown, leaf and inflorescence scars prominent; indumentum on young parts white-arachnoid, later glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves deciduous, 2–6(10) x 1–3(7) cm., ovate; apex acuminate; base obliquely cuneate or rounded; margin entire; upper surface of lamina ± scabridulous with scattered stiff hairs, lower surface with a ± densely white arachnoid tomentum.
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petiole 0.8–1.5(2) cm. long.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules up to 5 mm. long, lanceolate, puberulous, ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences bisexual, in dense axillary clusters, appearing with young leaves, sessile in axils of current leaves or scattered along twigs in axils of fallen leaves; bracts short, linear.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers numerous, on pedicels c. 1 mm. long; perianth c. 1 mm. in diam., (4)5-merous. Female flowers few, sessile; perianth 1.5–2 mm. long, ovoid, fused almost to the apex and completely enclosing the ovary, with 3–8 longitudinal ridges of which 2 are usually larger than the others; stigma 2–4 mm. long, filiform, exserted.
sex Male
Male flowers numerous, on pedicels c. 1 mm. long; perianth c. 1 mm. in diam., (4)5-merous.
sex Female
Female flowers few, sessile; perianth 1.5–2 mm. long, ovoid, fused almost to the apex and completely enclosing the ovary, with 3–8 longitudinal ridges of which 2 are usually larger than the others; stigma 2–4 mm. long, filiform, exserted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achene c. 2 mm. long, brownish, smooth, enclosed in the persistent perianth.

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Ethiopia, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Pouzolzia mixta Solms appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jun 1, 1983 Angola K000242974
Jun 1, 1983 Welw. [6290], Angola K000242975 Unknown type material
Kirk [s.n.], Mozambique K000242972 Unknown type material
Miller, O.B. [B470], Botswana K000285546
Leach, L.C. [17], Botswana K000285547
Beer, J.S. de [788], Botswana K000285548
Hansen, O.J. [3239], Botswana K000285549
Stalmans, M. [227], South Africa K000285550
Humbert, H. [15359], Botswana K000285545

First published in Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin 1864: 21 (1864)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Friis, I. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Urticaceae: 1-64.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
  • Miller, A.G. & Cope, T.A. (1996). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 1: 1-586. Edinburgh university press.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Friis, I. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Urticaceae: 1-64.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Friis & Jellis in Kew Bulletin 39: 590 (1984).
  • Rendle in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(2): 291 (1917).
  • Solms-Laub. in Schweinf., Beitr. Fl. Aethiop.: 188 (1867).
  • Solms-Laub. in Sitz. Ges. Nat. Freunde Berlin 1864: 1 (1864)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0