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This species is accepted, and its native range is Central America to Bolivia, Tropical & S. Africa, SW. Arabian Peninsula.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Colombia

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Perennial plant from a woody rhizome; stems up to c. 1 m tall, slightly woody at the base, covered by an indumentum of short, erect hairs; bark greyish brown
Morphology Leaves
Stipules lanceolate, up to 7 mm long; petiole pubescent, up to 7 cm long; blade ovate, 4–8 x 3–5 cm, base cuneate or rounded, margin coarsely serrate, apex acuminate, with scattered stiff hairs above and softer hairs on the nerves below
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences dense clusters of flowers in the axils of the upper leaves, with narrowly triangular bracts
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers c. 2 mm long, with an equally long erect filiform stigma Male flowers on c. 1.5 mm long pedicel, globose, c. 1 mm in diam., 3–4-merous, vestigial ovary present
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achene enclosed in the persisting perianth, c. 2.5 mm long, shiny, white.
Distribution
N1 Ethiopia, Cameroun, E Rep. Dem. Congo, East Africa, south to Angola, Transvaal and Natal, and in Yemen; also recorded from tropical South America.
Ecology
Altitude c. 1500 m.

[FTEA]

Urticaceae, I. Friis University of Copenhagen, Denmark. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

Morphology General Habit
Erect or ascending perennial herb up to 1 m. high, sometimes scrambling, often with slender shoots from a woody base, which may be up to 50 mm. in diameter.
Morphology Stem
Stems of ± prostrate forms often rooting at lower nodes; bark brown, pubescent to hirsute or with long dense patent hairs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate; stipules lanceolate, brown, 5–8(–10) mm. long, acuminate, ciliolate, pubescent on midnerve; petiole 2–5(–8) cm. long, pubescent, hirsute or lanate; lamina ovate to lanceolate, 4–7(–10) cm. long, 2.5–4(–6) cm. wide, base rounded to cuneate, margin serrate, with 10–15(–20) teeth on each side, sometimes the lower 1/3 entire, apex acuminate; lateral nerves 3(–4) pairs, basal pair reaching 4th or 5th tooth from apex; upper surface with scattered appressed stiff hairs and punctiform cystoliths, lower surface glabrescent to pubescent, with scattered stiff hairs on nerves.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary clusters, ± enclosed by the stipules, often appearing as an undeveloped side-shoot, with up to 50 flowers, ♂ flowers more numerous than the ♀ ones.
sex Male
Male flowers on pedicels up to 2 mm. long; perianth ± 1 mm. in diameter, pubescent, sometimes with hooked hairs, (3–)4-merous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers sessile; perianth 1–2 mm. long, pubescent towards the apex, with 10 very faint longitudinal lines; ovary enclosed, except for the 2–4 mm. long, straight or slightly curved protruding stigma. Male flowers on pedicels up to 2 mm. long; perianth ± 1 mm. in diameter, pubescent, sometimes with hooked hairs, (3–)4-merous.
sex Female
Female flowers sessile; perianth 1–2 mm. long, pubescent towards the apex, with 10 very faint longitudinal lines; ovary enclosed, except for the 2–4 mm. long, straight or slightly curved protruding stigma.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achene compressed, white to dark brown, shiny, enclosed in the hairy accrescent perianth, 1.5–2.5 mm. long.
Figures
Fig. 13/G.
Habitat
Montane rain-forest, especially along paths and streams, and at the edges, riverine forest, in grassland along rivers, between rocks in moist woodland and wooded grassland, especially in S. and C. Tanzania also in Brachystegia woodland; 900–2400 m.
Distribution
K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T8 U1 U2 U3

[FZ]

Urticaceae, I. Friis. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb from a woody rhizome.
Morphology Stem
Stems erect or ascending sometimes scrambling, up to c. 1 m. tall, slightly woody at the base, up to c. 5 cm. in diam., covered by a dense indumentum of short, erect hairs, bark greyish brown; ± prostrate stems often rooting at the nodes.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, 4–8(10) x 3–5 cm., ovate to lanceolate; apex acuminate; base cuneate, rounded, or subcordate; margin coarsely serrate; upper surface of lamina with scattered, stiff hairs and punctiform cystoliths, lower surface glabrescent with softer hairs on the nerves.
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petiole pubescent, up to 7 cm. long.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules lanceolate, up to 7 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences of densely clustered flowers in the axils of the upper leaves, bracts narrowly triangular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers numerous, pedicels c. 1.5 mm. long; perianth globose, c. 1 mm. in diam., 3–4-merous, vestigial ovary present. Female flowers fewer, sessile; perianth c. 2 mm. long, with 10 faint longitudinal lines; ovary enclosed, stigma erect, 2–4 mm. long, filiform, exserted.
sex Male
Male flowers numerous, pedicels c. 1.5 mm. long; perianth globose, c. 1 mm. in diam., 3–4-merous, vestigial ovary present.
sex Female
Female flowers fewer, sessile; perianth c. 2 mm. long, with 10 faint longitudinal lines; ovary enclosed, stigma erect, 2–4 mm. long, filiform, exserted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achene c. 2.5 mm. long, shiny, white, enclosed in the persistent perianth.

Native to:

Angola, Bolivia, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Honduras, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Northern Provinces, Peru, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Pouzolzia parasitica (Forssk.) Schweinf. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Feb 1, 2003 Onana, J.-M. [591], Cameroon K000198509
May 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [4098], Cameroon K000051198
May 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [8907], Cameroon K000051199
Dec 1, 2000 Cable, S. [3123], Cameroon K000936027
Jan 1, 1993 Thomas, D.W. [9368], Cameroon K000011619
Polhill, R. [1093], Tanzania 23634.000
Ash [996], Ethiopia 37964.000
Drege [s.n.], Swaziland K000242981
Drege [s.n.], Swaziland Pouzolzia procridioides K000242982

First published in Bull. Herb. Boissier 4(App. 2): 145 (1896)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Friis, I. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Urticaceae: 1-64.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
  • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Miller, A.G. & Cope, T.A. (1996). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 1: 1-586. Edinburgh university press.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
  • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Friis, I. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Urticaceae: 1-64.
  • GBIF (2008-2020). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
  • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
  • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by I. Friis [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 325 (1974).
  • Hauman in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 1: 215 (1948).
  • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2,1: 763 (1958).
  • Letouzey in Fl. Cameroun 8: 194 (1968).
  • Rendle in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(2): 293 (1917).
  • Schweinf. in Bull. Herb. Boiss. 4, Appendix 2: 145 (1896).

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
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Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0