Family:
Araceae Juss.

Arisarum vulgare O.Targ.Tozz.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Medit. to W. Transcaucasus.

[CATE]

CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

Habitat
Garigue, limestone hillsides, open maquis, especially beneath pinus, undisturbed oliv groves and roadsides, more rarely on consoludated sand.
Distribution
Around the Mediterranean basin from Portugal to Israel and from southern France to Egypt. Also present in the Azores.
Diagnostic
Inflorescence borne above the foliage; spathe brownish green to green, usually with longitudinal white to pale green stripes, somewhat glossy; spadix-appendix exserted from the spathe.
General Description
Perennial green cormous herb; corms dark brown, c. 1-2 cm in diam.. rooting from the top part, usually deep in the ground. LEAVES sagittate to cordate c. 7-20 x 5-18 cm. entire with reticulate venation, upper surface shining: petiole 15-40 cm long, brown-purplish mottled, sheathing most of the underground portion of the scape. Scape 15-20 cm long mostly underground, the lower part also mottled and the above soil surface brown-greenish. S INFLORESCENCE: spathe tubular, 4-9 cm long with accuminate tip, the outer surface brown-greenish with white stripes. Spadix usually exserted with inflated tip; female flower at the lower part of the spadix while, male above; ovary ± spherical, style short and stigma capitate. INFRUCTESCENCE: Fruit berries in groups of 3-4. green subglobose. c. 1 cm in diameter.

Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Baleares, Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., France, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Lebanon-Syria, Morocco, Palestine, Sardegna, Sicilia, Sinai, Spain, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Yugoslavia

Arisarum vulgare O.Targ.Tozz. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Sep 4, 1982 Forbes, E. [s.n.], Turkey K000499288 Unknown type material Yes
Marr, J.R. [1396], Greece 36013.000 No
Gassnei, A.J. [111], Cyprus 39863.000 No
Bogner, J., France 42447.000 No
Greece 51018.000 No
Cook, Greece 51085.000 No
Marr, J.R. [1396], Greece 51128.000 No
Algeria K000499410 Yes

First published in Ann. Mus. Imp. Fis. Firenze 2(2): 67 (1810)

Accepted by

  • Bergmeier, E., Blockeel, T., Böhling, N., Fournaraki, C., Gotsiou, P., Jahn, R., Lansdown, R. & Turland, N. (2011). An inventory of the vascular plants and bryophytes of Gavdopoula island (S Aegean, Greece) and its phytogeographical significance. Willdenowia 41: 179-190.
  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2008). Flora Iberica 18: 1-420. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Schäfer, H. (2021). Flora of the Azores a field guide: 1-445. Margraf Publishers GmbH.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.

Literature

CATE Araceae

  • Boyce, P.C. 1990. Friars cowls and mouse plants: the genus Arisarum. Kew Mag. 7 (1): 14-21
  • Gadi,.EL.A. 1977. Araceae Flora of Libya. 41: 1-9

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.

  • CATE Araceae

    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images