Araceae Juss.
Arum L.

Arum concinnatum Schott

This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Greece to SW. Turkey.


CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

Ditches, wet banks, undisturbed olive groves, often extremely abundant.
Tuber rhizomatous. Leaves with cloudy, silver markings. Inflorescence borne down below leaves. Massive spadix-appendix. Inflorescence odour potent, urine-like.
General Description
Tuberous herb sprouting in early autumn from a rhizomatous tuber 7-10(-15) cm long, 1.5-3.5 cm thick. Petiole terete, 20-45 cm long, 5-12 mm wide, dark to mid-green, sometimes flushed with purple basally. Leaf- blade sagittate-hastate to oblong-sagittate, apex subacute to obtuse, 15-55 cm long, 10-32 cm wide, semi-glossy, dark green, lightly to moderately blotched moderately blotched with silver-grey above. INFLORESCENCE smelling strongly of stale urine. Peduncle much shorter than the leaves, terete, 5-14 cm long, 7-12 mm wide, pale to mid-green. Spathe 16-29 cm long; spathe-tube oblong-cylindic, 2-5 cm long, 1.5-2.5 cm wide, constricted apically, exterior pale to mid-green, paler basally, usually flushed with purple along the margin, interior pale greenish white below, mid-purple above ; spathe-limb lanceolate-elliptic to elliptic, 14.5-24 cm long, 7-15 cm wide, erect, apex acuminate, the tip soon drooping after opening, externally pale to mid-green, flushed with pale purple along the margins, especially towards the apex, internally greenish white with sccattered shiny, translucent patches, ± flushed with pale purple along the margins and at the apex, rarely the whole spathe is pale purple, or entirely pale green. Spadix more than ½ as long to just exceeding the spathe limb, 9-27 cm in total length; appendix massively conic-cylindric to stoutly clavate-cylindric, shortly stipitate, 7-23.5 cm long, 9-15 mm wide, dull ochre-yellow to pale creamy yellow, more rarely pale purplish cream or purple, stipe cream to yellow. Staminodes in 5-7 whorls; bristles filiform, flexuous, 6-7 mm long, pale yellow, stained with purple; bases conic, verrucate, pale yellow. Interstices : upper 1-2 mm long, longitudinally ridged, pale yellow, lower ± absent. Staminate flowers in an oblong zone, 5-7 mm long, 9-11 mm wide; anthers and connectives pale yellow, stained with purple apically. Pistillodes 2 whorls forming a zone 3-5 mm long; bristles filiform, flexuous, 3-4 mm long, pale yellow below, purple above; bases bulbiform, smooth, pale cream. Pistillate flowers in a cylindric cluster 9-15 mm long; ovaries ovoid-cylindric, 2.5-3 mm, pale green; stigma whitish grey. Fruiting spike oblong-pyriform, 6-7 cm long, 2-2.5 cm wide; berries oblong-pyriform, 4-14 mm long, 2.5-5 mm wide. Germination epigeal.
Flowering late March to early June.
Greece (extreme southern tip of the Peloponnese), most islands of the E Mediterranean.

Native to:

East Aegean Is., Greece, Kriti, Turkey

Arum concinnatum Schott appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Boyce, P. [10], Greece 51431.000 No
Boyce, P. [10], Greece 53952.000 No

First published in Icon. Aroid.: t. 39 (1857)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

  • CATE Araceae

    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

  • Kew Science Photographs

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