Family:
Araceae Juss.
Genus:
Arum L.

Arum creticum Boiss. & Heldr.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Kriti to SW. Turkey.

[CATE]

CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

Distribution
Greece (Crete, Karpathos, Kasos), SW Turkey.
General Description
Tuberous herb sprouting in early autumn from a discoid, vertically orientated tuber 4-6.5 cm across, 2-3 cm thick. P etiole 10-35 cm long, 4-7 mm wide, terete, bright mid-green, rarely dull purple for ± its whole length. Leaf- blade sagittate to oblong-sagittate or oblong-sagittate-hastate, apex acute to obtuse, 8-27 cm long, 4-18.5 cm wide, bright mid-green. acute to obtuse, 8-27 cm long, 4-18.5 cm wide, bright mid-green. INFLORESCENCE smelling strongly of freesia and lemon with a slightly sour overtone, reminiscent of naphtha at close quarters. Peduncle equal to or exceeding the leaves, terete, 12-30 cm long, 4-6 mm wide, bright mid-green, rarely deep purple. Spathe 4.5-24 cm long; spathe-tube goblet-shaped, 1.5-4 cm long, 1-3.5 cm wide, flaring apically, exterior pale to mid-yellow, with slight green staining at the base, interior pale yellow, generally paler than the exterior; spathe-limb lanceolate, 2.5-20 cm long, 1-5.5 cm wide, becoming reflexed and ± twisted at maturity, acuminate, externally and internally pale to mid-yellow, sometimes pale creamy white. Spadix equalling to just exceeding the spathe , 3.5-16.5 cm in total length; appendix fusiform-cylindric, laterally compressed, indistinctly stipitate, 2.5-11.5 cm long, 2-9 mm wide, deep to mid-yellow, stipe generally paler, appendix generally darker than the spathe-limb. Staminodes and pistillodes usually absent but occasionally small, subulate yellow staminodes and vestigial pistillodes may be present. Interstices: upper absent; lower 0-3.5 mm long, longitudinally ridged, pale yellow. Staminate flowers in a roughly conical zone 4-18 mm long, 2-4 mm wide, sometimes ± contiguous with the pistillate zone; anthers and connectives yellow. Pistillate flowers in a cylindric cluster 5-20 mm long; ovaries ovoid, 2-2.5 mm long, whitish green; stigma cream. Fruiting spike oblong-cylindric, 5-7 cm long, 2-2.5 cm wide; berries oblong, 5-11 mm long, 3-5 mm wide. Germination epigeal.
Phenology
Flowering March to May.
Diagnostic
Peduncle equal to or exceeding the leaves. Spathe and spadix yellow, spathe-limb twisted and reflexed at maturity, with no staminodes or pistillodes. Inflorescence odour sweet.
Habitat
Garrigue, rocky grassy hillsides, open meadows amongst low scrub.

Native to:

East Aegean Is., Kriti, Turkey

Arum creticum Boiss. & Heldr. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
16891.000 No
Greece 51368.000 No
Hetterscheid [H.AR.001], Greece 57595.000 No
59255.000 No
Heldreich, T. von [19], Kriti K000499297 Unknown type material Yes

First published in P.E.Boissier, Diagn. Pl. Orient. 13: 9 (1854)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

  • CATE Araceae

    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images