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This species is accepted, and its native range is Europe to Cyprus.
Arum cylindraceum


CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

Inflorescence borne at or above the leaves. Spathe-limb pale green on both surfaces; spadix-appendix brownish, slender with a long stipe. Scentless. (Similar to Arum maculatum)
Flowering late May to mid-June, occasionally into late June.
Throughout Europe from southern Spain to the Balkans and from southern Sweden to Crete, NW Turkey.
Deciduous woodland, edges of coniferous woodland, open grassy slopes, pasture, rocky slopes.
General Description
Tuberous herb sprouting in early winter from a discoid, vertically orientated tuber 3-5 cm across, 1.5-2 cm thick. Petiole terete, 12-18(-23) cm long, 3-4 mm wide, dark green to mid-green, the lower ¼ occasionally stained with purple. Leaf- blade sagittate to sagittate-hastate, apex acute to obtuse, 9-13 cm long, 3-7.5 cm wide, mid-green. INFLORESCENCE unscented. Peduncle equal to, or exceeding the leaves, terete, 11-18 cm long, 4-5 mm wide, light to mid-green, the lower ? occasionally stained with purple. Spathe 9-14 cm long; spathe-tube oblong-cylindric, 2-3 cm long, 1.5-1.75 cm wide, moderately constricted apically, exterior pale green, interior with the basal ? very pale greenish white, upper ? purple; spathe-limb elliptic-lanceolate, 7-9 cm long, 3.5-4.5 cm wide, erect, acuminate, externally and internally pale green. Spadix ? - ? long as the spathe-limb, 5-8 cm in total length; appendix slender-cylindric, slightly to moderately clavate, long-stipitate, 3-5 cm long, 2.5-4 mm wide, pale chocolate-brown to dull purple, stipe fading to cream basally. Staminodes in 2 or 3 whorls forming a zone 2-4 mm long; bristles filiform, semi-rigid, 5-6 mm long, cream; bases bulbiform, verrucate, dull yellow. Interstices: upper 3-5 mm long, smooth, primrose-yellow; lower 2-3 mm long, lower portion with rudimentary pistillodes bases, off-white. Staminate flowers in a cylindric zone 5-6 mm long, 3-4 mm wide; anthers purple and a connectives yellow. Pistillodes in 3-5 whorls forming a zone 3-5 mm long; bristles aristate-filiform, semi-rigid, 3-4 mm long, cream; bases elongate-bulbiform, slightly verrucate, pale yellow. Pistillate flowers in an oblong-cylindric cluster, 15-20 mm long; ovaries oblong, tapering apically, 2-3 mm long, pale greenish yellow, darker towards the stigma; stigma dirty white. Fruiting spike oblong-cylindric, 4-5 cm long, 1.5-2 cm wide; berries pyriform, 5-9 mm long, 3-5 mm wide. Germination hypogeal.

Native to:

Austria, Bulgaria, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Kriti, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sicilia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia

Arum cylindraceum Gasp. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Cook [56], Greece 51395.000
Cook [56], Greece 51396.000
Cook [CandK56], Greece 51898.000
Archibald, J. [5182], Greece 54391.000
Drummond [s.n.], Italy 57578.000
Pesaro [s.n.], Italy 57611.000
Nielsen, Denmark 58925.000
Reverchon, E. [278], Kriti K000499298 Unknown type material
Reverchon, E. [278], Kriti K000499299 Unknown type material

First published in G.Gussone, Fl. Sicul. Syn. 2(2): 597 (1844)

Accepted by

  • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2008). Flora Iberica 18: 1-420. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

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