Valerianella abyssinica Fresen.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Madeira, Medit. to Kenya.

[FTEA]

Valerianaceae, J. O. Kokwaro (East African Herbarium). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
Annual slender nearly glabrous herb 5–25(–40) cm. tall; stems herbaceous, erect or ascending to almost spreading, dichotomously and divaricately branched, sometimes subsimple, weakly angled, slightly pubescent below, 1–3 mm. thick; tap-root 2.5–9 cm. or more long; secondary roots usually slender.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sessile, (0.5–)1.1–6.5 cm. long, 0.2–1.1 cm. wide, glabrous on the surfaces, but sometimes ciliate at the base and on the margins; lower ones entire, spathulate; upper ones dentate at the base, oblong, obtuse or subacute; uppermost bract-like and linear.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a compound dichasium, glabrous; terminal internodes grooved and almost winged; floral bracts lanceolate, 2.0–2.5 mm. long, 0.7–1.4 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers perfect, sessile, pale pink to white.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-limb obscure, oblique, scarcely veined, entire (corolla, stamens, and style adhering to the achene-apex for some time).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla funnel-shaped, barely saccate or attenuated at the base, glabrous throughout; lobes 5, apparently regular but sometimes with 2 lobes smaller than the other 3, 1.0–1.8 mm. long, generally pinkish above and whitish below.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 3, included or slightly exserted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style at first club-shaped and included, later very shortly 3-lobed at the tip and slightly exserted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes ovoid, 1–2 mm. long, 0.5–1.0 mm. wide, hispid to pubescent, or glabrous (especially on the abaxial face), brown; fertile locule longer than sterile ones, the latter not contiguous and appearing as linear ribs on the abaxial face of the achene.
Figures
Fig. 3, p. 8.
Habitat
Upland moor (in Ethiopia also in upland rain-forest, bamboo thickets, grassland and persisting on cultivated ground); 2800–3200 m. (perhaps as low as 1000 m. in Ethiopia)
Distribution
K3 K4 North Africa and Europe (Mediterranean region)

Native to:

Algeria, Azores, Baleares, Bulgaria, Corse, East Aegean Is., Ethiopia, France, Greece, Italy, Kenya, Kriti, Libya, Madeira, Morocco, Portugal, Sardegna, Sicilia, Spain, Tunisia, Turkey-in-Europe

Valerianella abyssinica Fresen. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Schimper [1390], Ethiopia Valerianella microcarpa K000252332 Yes
Schimper [1390], Ethiopia Valerianella microcarpa K000252333 Yes
Schimper [1170], Ethiopia Valerianella microcarpa K000252334 Yes
Schimper [983], Ethiopia Valerianella microcarpa K000252335 Yes

First published in Mus. Senckenberg. 2: 116 (1837)

Not accepted by

  • Hedberg, I., Edwards, S. & Nemomissa, S. (eds.) (2003). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 4(1): 1-352. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps. [Cited as Valerianella microcarpa.]
  • Kokwaro, J.O. (1968). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Valerianaceae: 1-9. [Cited as Valerianella microcarpa.]

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Hedberg, I., Edwards, S. & Nemomissa, S. (eds.) (2003). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 4(1): 1-352. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1976). Flora Europaea 4: 1-505. Cambridge University Press.

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0