Family:
Araceae Juss.
Genus:
Arum L.

Arum hygrophilum Boiss.

This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. Morocco, E. Cyprus, W. Turkey, SW. Syria to W. Jordan.

[CATE]

CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

Phenology
Flowering February to May.
Habitat
Stream sides, ditches, wet flushes, damp soil pockets at rock bases.
Diagnostic
Inflorescence borne beneath the leaves. Spathe-limb internally pale greenish-white with a narrow purple margin. Spadix appendix ? as long as the spathe-limb, slender cylindric, with no stipe, purple. (similar to Arum euxinum)
General Description
Tuberous herb sprouting in early autumn from a discoid vertically (rarely horizontally) orientated tuber 3-6 cm across, 1.5-2.5 cm thick. Petiole terete, 9-75 cm long, 3-6 mm wide, bright mid-green, occasionally with purple staining along the sheath margin and at the petiole base. Leaf- blade lanceolate-hastate, apex acute to subacute, 8-45 cm long, 5-14 cm wide, dark to bright mid-green. INFLORESCENCE unscented. Peduncle shorter than the leaves, terete, 15-45 cm long, 1.5-4 mm thick, bright mid-green. Spathe 7-14 cm long; spathe-tube ellipsoid, 2.5-3.8 cm long, 1.2-2.5 cm wide, waisted above, exterior pale to mid-green, occasionally with purple staining at the base and along the margin, rarely with the entire spathe-tube stained purple, interior deep purple, often with pale greenish white blotches on the rear wall near the base; spathe-limb oblong-lanceolate to elliptic-lanceolate, 5-11.5 cm long, 3-3.5 cm wide, erect to slightly cucullate, acuminate, externally pale to mid-green, purple-flushed along the margin, internally pale greenish-white with a purple margin 0.5-1.5 mm wide.Spadix ? as long as the spathe-limb, 7.5-9.5 cm in total length; appendix slender-cylindric, without a stipe , 5-7.5 cm long, 1.5-3 mm wide, deep purple, occasionally blotched apically with paler purple. Staminodes in 2 or 3 whorls, forming a zone 2-3.5 mm long; bristles filiform, flexuous, 4-5 mm long, pale cream, ± purple at the tip; bases conic, verrucate, cream, stained with purple. Interstices : upper 0-2 mm long, longitudinally ridged, cream; lower ± absent. Staminate flowers in a roughly quadratic zone 4-7 mm long, 5-6 mm wide; anthers and connectives reddish purple. Pistillodes in 2 or 3 whorls forming a zone 2-3 mm long; bristles filiform, flexuous, cream, stained with purple; bases bulbiform, minutely verrucate, cream, speckled with purple. Pistillate flowers a cylindric cluster 4-10 mm long; ovaries oblong-fusiform, pale lime green with a faint purple ring around the stigma; stigma white. Fruiting spike oblong-cylindric, 4-6 cm long, 2-2.5 cm wide; berries angular-pyriform, 4-11 mm long, 3-5 mm wide. Germination epigeal.
Distribution
Morocco, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan.

Native to:

Cyprus, Lebanon-Syria, Morocco, Palestine, Turkey

Arum hygrophilum Boiss. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Aug 1, 1982 Syngrassides, A. [1462], Cyprus K000480508 No
Aug 1, 1982 Scott-Moncrieff [1658], Cyprus K000480511 No
Aug 1, 1982 Syngrassides, A. [1462], Cyprus K000480507 No
Aug 1, 1982 Syngrassides, A. [1462], Cyprus K000480509 No
Aug 1, 1982 [Suart, J.B.] [63], Cyprus K000480512 No
Aug 1, 1982 Meikle, R.D. [2552], Cyprus K000480505 No
Aug 1, 1982 s.coll. [1147], Cyprus K000480513 No
Aug 1, 1982 Meikle, R.D. [2552], Cyprus K000480506 No
Aug 1, 1982 s.coll. [355], Cyprus K000480514 No
Aug 1, 1982 Syngrassides, A. [1462], Cyprus K000480510 No
Jun 1, 1982 Simpson, N.D. [53192], Jordan K000286075 Yes
Jun 1, 1982 Archibald, J.C. [1085], Lebanon K000480497 No
Jun 1, 1982 Lowne, B.T. [s.n.], Israel K000480501 No
Jun 1, 1982 Lowne, B.T. [s.n.], Israel K000480499 No
Israel 49763.000 No
51394.000 No
Boyce, P., Israel 51304.000 No
Dinsmore, J.E. [4643], Israel K000480493 No
Samuelsson, G. [4226], Lebanon K000480515 No
Davis, P.H. [4315], Jordan K000480496 No
Bornmüller, J. [1474], Israel K000480518 No
Sintenis, P. [129], Cyprus K000480504 No
Boissier, E. [s.n.], Syria K000400279 syntype Yes
Sintenis, P. [129], Cyprus K000480503 No
Trethewy, A.W. [67], Morocco K000480490 No
Trethewy, A.W. [257], Morocco K000480491 No
Davis, P.H. [4388], Jordan K000480495 No
Meyers, F.S. [653], Jordan K000286076 No
Meyers, F.S. [6643], Israel K000480492 No
s.coll. [643], Israel K000480494 No
Sintenis, P. [129], Cyprus K000480502 No
Nicolson, D.H. [1733], Lebanon K000480517 No
Blanche, I. [95], Lebanon K000480500 No
Meyers, F.S. [2643], Jordan K000286077 No

First published in Diagn. Pl. Orient. 13: 8 (1854)

Accepted by

  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Güner, A. (ed.) (2018). Resimli Türkiye Floras? (Illustrated Flora of Turkey) 2: 1-1054. ANG Vakf?/Nezahat Gökyi?it Botanik Bahçesi, Istambul.
  • Hand, R. (ed.) (2015). Supplementary notes to the flora of Cyprus VIII Willdenowia 45: 245-259.

Literature

CATE Araceae

  • Boyce, P.C. 1993. The Genus Arum. 196 pp.

  • CATE Araceae

    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images