Family:
Araceae Juss.
Genus:
Arum L.

Arum palaestinum Boiss.

This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Syria, Lebanon to Jordan.

[CATE]

CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

Distribution
Syria, Lebanon, Israel, ? Jordan (Sterile material at K).
Phenology
Flowering March to May.
General Description
Tuberous herb sprouting in autumn from a discoid, vertically, rarely horizontally, orientated tuber 4.5-8 cm across, 2-2.5 cm thick. Petiole terete, 15-21 cm long, 3-7 mm wide, dark to mid-green, often stained purple to ½ way up. Leaf- blade sagittate to oblong-sagittate, apex acute to subacute, 15-36 cm long, 10-25 cm wide, deep green. INFLORESCENCE either smelling of fermenting apples or weakly of dung and carrion, rarely scentless. Peduncle shorter than to just exceeding the leaves, terete, 8-27.5 cm long, 4-6 mm wide, pale to mid-green, often stained purple for c. ? of its length. Spathe 9-23 cm long; spathe-tube oblong-cylindric, 2.5-5 cm long, 1.5-3 cm wide, weakly constricted above, exterior greenish to pale brown, interior purple above, greenish white below; spathe-limb lanceolate, 6.5-23 cm long, 3.5-9 cm wide, erect on unfurling, ± reflexed at maturity, acuminate, externally pale green to pale greenish brown, with slight purple staining, internally deep uniform purple , the apex occasionally mid-green. Spadix c. ½ as long to subequal to the spathe-limb , 9.5-17 cm in total length; appendix fusiform-cylindric, obscurely stipitate, 7-19 cm long, 4-7 mm wide, black-purple. Staminodes in 1 or 2 whorls, forming a zone 1.5-3 mm long; bristles subulate, stiff , 9-11 mm long, deep purple; bases bulbiform, verruculose, purple. Interstices: upper 2-2.5 mm long, longitudinally ridged, purple; lower ± absent. Staminate flowers in a roughly oblong zone 9-13 mm long, 7-10 mm wide; anthers and connectives dark purple. Pistillodes in 2-5 whorls forming a zone 2.5-4 mm long; bristles subulate, stiff , 6-7 mm long, deep purple; bases bulbiform, verruculose, purple. Pistillate flowers in a cylindric cluster 11-14 mm long, 7-11 mm wide; ovaries oblong, 1.5-2 mm long, pale green stained with purple apically; stigma purple. Fruiting spike oblong-cylindric, 3-5 cm long, 2-3 cm wide; berries oblong, 4-11 mm long, 3.5-5 mm wide. Germination epigeal.
Habitat
Open hillsides, fallow fields, field margins, waste places. On limestone-derived terra rossa and calcareous rocks, alluvial soils and soils derived from Eocene and basalt rocks.
Diagnostic
Spathe-tube relatively open; spathe-limb interior deep uniform purple . Spadix-appendix stout, shortly stipitate. Inflorescence typically smelling of fermenting fruit. (allied to Arum dioscoridis)

Native to:

Lebanon-Syria, Palestine

Introduced into:

California

Arum palaestinum Boiss. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jun 1, 1982 Davies, P.H. [8663], Jordan K000286080 No
16890.000 No
s.coll. [s.n.], Israel 29047.675 No
Al-Eisawi, D. [3524], Jordan K000286078 No
Meyers, F.S. [2662], Jordan K000286081 Yes
Al-Eisawi, D. [7819], Jordan K000286079 No
s.coll. [s.n.], Israel K000950265 Unknown type material Yes

First published in Diagn. Pl. Orient. 13: 6 (1854)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

CATE Araceae

  • Boyce, P.C. 1993. The Genus Arum. 196 pp.

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • CATE Araceae

    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images