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This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. U.S.A. to S. America, W. Tropical Africa to Angola.
Avicennia germinans

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 100 m.; Llanura del Caribe, Pacífico.
Morphology General Habit
Arbusto, arbolito, árbol
Conservation
Preocupación Menor

[UNAL]
Vernacular
Bombito, Comedera, Iguanero, Mangle, Mangle negro, Mangle salado

[FWTA]

Avicenniaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
A shrub or tree up to 50 ft. high
Morphology Roots
Pneumatophores covering the ground round about but stilt roots absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white with yellow centre
Ecology
In mangrove thickets.The black mangrove.

Native to:

Alabama, Angola, Aruba, Bahamas, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Cabinda, Cameroon, Cayman Is., Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Mauritania, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Panamá, Peru, Puerto Rico, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Southwest Caribbean, Suriname, Texas, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is., Zaïre

Avicennia germinans (L.) L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2008 Makany [565], Congo K000479906
Jan 1, 1968 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [6924], Cameroon K000029876
Medeiros, L. [s.n.], Brazil K001046363
Silva, B.R. [1073], Brazil K001046362
Aug 25, 1963 Pabst, G. [7385], Brazil Avicennia tomentosa K001046323
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1742] Avicennia tomentosa K001114036
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1742] Avicennia tomentosa K001114038
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1742], India Avicennia tomentosa K001114040
Duarte, A.P. [5017], Brazil Avicennia tomentosa K001046327
Pabst, G. [5421], Brazil Avicennia tomentosa K001046329
Duarte, A.P. [5017], Brazil Avicennia tomentosa K001046324
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1742], Myanmar Avicennia tomentosa K001114042
Pereira, E. [431], Brazil Avicennia tomentosa K001046322
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1742] Avicennia tomentosa K001114041
Pabst, G. [5421], Brazil Avicennia tomentosa K001046325
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1742], India Avicennia tomentosa K001114037
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1742] Avicennia tomentosa K001114039
Duarte, A.P. [5017], Brazil Avicennia tomentosa K001046328
Pabst, L.F. [s.n.], Brazil Avicennia tomentosa K001046326
Jan 1, 1976 Letouzey, R. [14809], Cameroon Avicennia africana K000029874
Gossweiler, J. [s.n.], Angola Avicennia africana K001009781
Ward, C.J. [86], Angola Avicennia africana K001009783
Thompson, S.A. [1333], Cameroon Avicennia africana K000029875
Welwitsch [5726], Angola Avicennia africana K001009780
Ward, C.J. [72], Angola Avicennia africana K001009782
Welwitsch [5709], Angola Avicennia africana K001009778
Welwitsch [5641], Angola Avicennia africana K001009779
Ward, C.J. [89], Angola Avicennia africana K001009784
Gossweiler, J. [s.n.], Angola Avicennia africana K001009777
Oct 1, 1936 Broadway, W.E. [5817], Trinidad & Tobago Avicennia nitida K000573634
Trinidad & Tobago Avicennia nitida K000573636
Sellow [s.n.], Brazil Avicennia nitida K001046359
Glaziou [11324], Brazil Avicennia nitida K001046361
Drouet, F. [2442], Brazil Avicennia nitida K001046357
Salzmann [s.n.], Brazil Avicennia nitida K001046358
Glaziou [9988], Brazil Avicennia nitida K001046356
Trinidad & Tobago Avicennia nitida K000573635 Unknown type material
Gardner [1101], Brazil Avicennia nitida K001046353
Froes, R. [1818], Brazil Avicennia nitida K001046354
Salzmann [s.n.], Brazil Avicennia nitida K001046360
Araújo, D.S.D. [825], Brazil Avicennia nitida K001046352
Gardner, G. [s.n.] Avicennia nitida K001046355

First published in Sp. Pl. ed. 3, 2: 891 (1764)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Berry, P.E., Yatskievych, K. & Holst, B.K. (eds.) in Steyermark, J., Berry, P.E., Holts, B.K. (eds). (2005). Rutaceae-Zygophyllaceae Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana 9: 1-608. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
  • Fernandes, R.B. (2006). Contribução para o conhecimento das Avicenniaceae e Verbenaceae da Flora de Angola Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17(2): 5-68.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia 41: 41-82.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Lebrun, J.-P. (1998). Catalogue des plantes de la Mauritanie et du Sahara Occidental Boissiera 55: 1-322.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
  • Linares, J.L. (2003 publ. 2005). Lista comentado de los árboles nativos y cultivados en la República de El Salvador Ceiba; a Scientific and Technical Journal Published by Zamorano 44: 105-268.
  • Rodrigues Furtado, M.N., de Souza Secco, R. & Sousa Rocha, A.E. (2012). Sinopse das espécies de Lamiales Bromhead ocorrentes nas restingas do estado do Pará, Brasil Hoehnea 39: 529-547.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • van Proosdij, A.S.J. (2012). Arnoldo's Zakflora, ed. 4: 1-318. Walburg Pers, Zutphen.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Correll, D.S. & Correll, H.B. (1982). Flora of the Bahama Archipelago: 1-1692. J.Cramer, Vaduz.
  • Gonzalez, F., Nelson Diaz, J. & Lowry, P. (1995). Flora Illustrada de San Andrés y Providencia: 1-281. Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Colombia.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.

Universidad Nacional de Colombia

  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt. (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Universidad Nacional de Colombia
ColPlantA database
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0