Genus:
Callicarpa L.

Callicarpa dolichophylla Merr.

This species is accepted, and its native range is S. China to Vietnam, Japan (S. Kyushu) to Philippines (Luzon).

[KBu]

Bramley, G.L.C. 2013. The genus Callicarpa (Lamiaceae) in the Philippines. Kew Bulletin 68: 369. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-013-9456-y

Conservation
Least concern (LC) in the Philippines.
Distribution
Southern China (Szechuan, Fujian [Fukien], Guangdong [Kwangtung], Hainan), Taiwan, Philippines (Luzon). Map 2.
Ecology
Not recorded
Morphology General Habit
Small tree (only information found)
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, petiolate blades very narrowly elliptic, 12 – 19 × 3 – 4.6 cm, margins serrate, apex acuminate, base attenuate, both surfaces with hairs along the impressed midrib and occasionally along other venation above, both surfaces with copious red sessile glands, the lower surface with peltate scales scattered around the midrib petioles 10 – 25 mm, indumentum as stems
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4 exserted for c. 2 mm, arising 0.25 mm from the base of the corolla tube, anthers 0.5 mm long, elliptic, with numerous red sessile glands where they attach to the connective, dehiscing through longitudinal slits
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx narrowly funnel-shaped, c. 1 mm long with 4 short triangular lobes, outer surface with red sessile glands and occasional, sometimes glandular hairs, inner surface ± glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla (colour unknown) c. 2 mm long, divided into 4 lobes 0.75 – 1 mm long, outer surface with red sessile glands on the backs of the lobes, inner surface ± glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma capitate, c. 1 mm wide, surface glandular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit (colour unknown), 1.5 – 2 mm wide when mature (on dry specimen), outer surface glandular, the sides enclosed by the calyx 4 1-seeded locules breaking up into 4 1-seeded pyrenes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence axillary, peduncles 15 – 22 mm long, indumentum with short glandular hairs and red sessile glands bracts linear, 1 – 5 mm long pedicels 1 – 1.5 mm long, indumentum as other axes bracteoles linear, 1 – 2 mm long
Morphology Stem
Stems with sparse hairs when young, these remaining around the interpetiolar nodes as a ring of hairs, the rest of the stem becoming glabrous, copious sessile red glands present throughout
Note
Callicarpa dolichophylla was described by Merrill (1912) on the basis of specimens from the Philippines. Prior to this, Hemsley (1890) had recognised a number of collections from China as a variety of C. longifolia Lam., C. longifolia var. longissima. Merrill (1917a) later raised this variety to species level, based on its narrow, elongated, nearly glabrous, entire or very minutely toothed leaves, its smaller flowers and other characters. I agree with Merrill that this taxon is distinct from C. longifolia: its red sessile glands are distinctive, and the stems and leaves for the most part glabrous the peduncles tend to be longer and the inflorescence in general more widely and openly branching.
Type
Type: Philippines, Luzon, Albay Prov. [Cagayan], Cuming 1330, 1841 (lectotype K, selected here isolectotypes A, K, NY).

Native to:

China South-Central, China Southeast, Hainan, Japan, Nansei-shoto, Philippines, Taiwan, Vietnam

Callicarpa dolichophylla Merr. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Cuming, H. [1330], Philippines K000248782 Yes
Cuming, H. [1330], Philippines K000248783 Yes

First published in Philipp. J. Sci., C 7: 339 (1912)

Accepted by

  • Bramley, G.L.C. (2013). The genus Callicarpa (Lamiaceae) in the Philippines Kew Bulletin 68: 369-418.
  • Bramley, G.L.C. (2019). Flora Malesiana 23: 1-444. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

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