Genus:
Callicarpa L.

Callicarpa erioclona Schauer

This species is accepted, and its native range is Vietnam to Papuasia.

[KBu]

Bramley, G.L.C. 2013. The genus Callicarpa (Lamiaceae) in the Philippines. Kew Bulletin 68: 369. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-013-9456-y

Conservation
LC in the Philippines and throughout its distribution.
Distribution
Vietnam, Java, Borneo (Sabah only rare), Sulawesi, Philippines, New Guinea. Map 3.
Ecology
Primary and secondary forests 100 – 500 m.
Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree to 9 m, diam. to 3 cm
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, petiolate blades elliptic to ± oblanceolate, 9.5 – 27 × 3.5 – 10.5 cm, margins dentate, sometimes irregularly so, apex acute to shortly acuminate, base shortly attenuate, upper surface ± glabrous, almost shiny when dry, lower surface with a pale indumentum of matted plumose hairs, the hairs on the venation standing more erect, some becoming darker near the tips petioles 15 – 25 mm, indumentum as stems
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, exserted for 1 – 3 mm, filaments 3 – 4 mm long, arising 0.25 – 0.5 mm from the base of the corolla tube, anthers elliptic, 0.5 mm long with numerous yellow sessile glands where they attach to the connective, dehiscing through longitudinal slits
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx cupular, c. 1 mm long with 4 shallow triangular lobes marked, outer surface with dense indumentum as stems and inflorescence axes, the surface obscured, inner surface glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white, 1.5 – 2.5 mm long, divided into 4 lobes 0.5 – 1 mm long, outer surface glabrous with the occasional branched hair, the edges of the lobes with tiny papillae, inner surface ± glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma capitate, c. 1 mm wide, surface glandular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit green when immature, c. 2 mm wide when mature (on dry specimen), outer surface with branched hairs, glandular, subtended by calyx 4 1-seeded locules, maturing into 4 1-seeded pyrenes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence axillary, peduncles 10 – 20 mm long, indumentum as stems bracts linear, 1 – 2 mm long pedicels 1 – 2 mm long, indumentum as stems bracteoles linear, 1 – 2 mm long, inconspicuous
Morphology Stem
Stems with dense pale indumentum of plumose hairs, the hairs sometimes becoming darker near the tips, the surface obscured, slight interpetiolar ridge resembling a stipule scar present
Note
In the Philippines, Callicarpa erioclona is most likely to be confused with C. plumosa, which is rare in comparison, has entire leaf margins and a larger corolla. Outside the Philippines it is confused with C. candicans, but it can be distinguished from that species due to its ovary and fruit, which have scattered branched hairs in C. candicans the ovary and fruit are glabrous. In addition, C. erioclona has a stem and lower leaf indumentum of plumose hairs.

Native to:

Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Jawa, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Vietnam

Callicarpa erioclona Schauer appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 2011 Vorontsova [HNK 934], Vietnam K000735131 No
Jan 1, 2011 Vorontsova [HNK 647], Vietnam K000735133 No
Jan 1, 2008 de Kok, R.P.J. et al. [1275], Papua New Guinea K000509590 No
Mar 9, 2006 Gagul [9] K000194252 No
Mar 9, 2006 Sagisolo [5] K000194253 No
Cuming [911], Philippines K000194942 Unknown type material Yes
Cuming, H. [911], Philippines K000248982 Yes

First published in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 11: 643 (1847)

Accepted by

  • Bramley, G.L. (2009). The genus Callicarpa (Lamiaceae) on Borneo Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 159: 416-455.
  • Bramley, G.L.C. (2013). The genus Callicarpa (Lamiaceae) in the Philippines Kew Bulletin 68: 369-418.
  • Bramley, G.L.C. (2019). Flora Malesiana 23: 1-444. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

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  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

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