Clerodendrum thomsoniae Balf.f.

This species is accepted, and its native range is W. & W. Central Tropical Africa. It is has environmental uses and as a medicine.

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
corazón herido, gota de sangre, lágrimas de Obando

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 100 - 1600 m.; Andes, Orinoquia, Valle del Cauca.
Morphology General Habit
Trepadora

[FWTA]

Verbenaceae, H. Huber, F. N. Hepper & R. D. Meikle. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
An almost glabrous climbing shrub
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
A large white calyx
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Bright crimson flowers.

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean, Orinoquia. Elevation range: 100–1600 m a.s.l. Cultivated in Colombia. Naturalised in Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Casanare, Valle del Cauca.
Habit
Climbing.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, shrubland, artificial - terrestrial.

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol 8, Pt 7. Avicenniaceae, R. Fernandes. Nesogenaceae, M.A. Diniz. Verbenaceae, R. Fernandes. Lamiaceae, R. Fernandes. 2005.

Type
Type a cultivated plant in Edinburgh Bot. Gard.
Morphology General Habit
Climber to 7 m or shrub 1–2 m tall; branchlets slender, obtusely tetragonous, greyish, puberulent and brown or purplish when very young
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 6–18 × 3–10 cm, elliptic or ovate-elliptic, acuminate at the apex, rounded or shortly cuneate at the base, entire, subchartaceous or membranous, dark green above, lighter beneath, usually blackish on drying, glabrous on both faces or slightly puberulous on the nervation beneath; petiole 0.8–3.5 cm long, slender, puberulous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes few-flowered, lax, axillary in the uppermost leaves or subtended by bracts, all forming a terminal, foliate, corymbose inflorescence, 5–9 cm long and 4–8.5 cm wide; pedicels of dichotomies up to 2.8 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx white at anthesis, turning yellow, pink or violet-red, 1.4–3 cm long, ± pentagonous and inflated; lobes 8–10 mm long, broadly ovate, apiculate or shortly acuminate, connivent at the apex, ± completely concealing the corolla tube
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla red, scarlet or crimson, sometimes deep rose; tube c. 2.5 cm long, slender, glandular-pubescent; lobes 6–10 × 3.5–4 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens long-exserted
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit black, glossy.
Morphology General
A very ornamental plant originally from west tropical Africa and cultivated in Europe and in many tropical countries
Distribution
Mozambique District code: MOZ MS, MOZ M.

[UPFC]
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.

Native to:

Cameroon, Gambia, Ghana, Gulf of Guinea Is., Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Zaïre

Introduced into:

Bangladesh, Bolivia, Caroline Is., Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Leeward Is., Marianas, Marquesas, Mexico Southeast, Nicaragua, North Carolina, Panamá, Peru, Puerto Rico, Society Is., Sulawesi, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Windward Is.

Clerodendrum thomsoniae Balf.f. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2008 Williams [946], Bolivia K000509750
Jan 1, 2008 Williams [1147], Bolivia K000509751
Jan 1, 2005 Ambriansyah [3096], Indonesia K000785843
Jan 1, 1998 Lugas, L. [1695], Malaysia K000853660
Jan 1, 1998 Lugas, L. [746], Malaysia K000853655
Jan 1, 1998 Lugas, L. [825], Malaysia K000853658
Jan 1, 1997 Lugas, L. [630], Malaysia K000853657
Jan 1, 1997 Lugas, L. [235], Malaysia K000853656
Oct 1, 1951 s.coll. [s.n.], Indonesia K000785842
Jan 1, 1931 Mondi [4], Indonesia K000785844
17179.000
Native Collector [124], Malaysia K000784897
Kadir [A2706], Malaysia K000785846
Cuadra, A. [A246], Malaysia K000785845
Deschamps, E. [s.n.], Singapore K000784900
Lugas, L. [408], Malaysia K000853654
Deschamps, E. [s.n.], Singapore K000784899
Deschamps, E. [s.n.], Singapore K000784898

First published in Gard. Chron. 1862: 70 (1862)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Berry, P.E., Yatskievych, K. & Holst, B.K. (eds.) in Steyermark, J., Berry, P.E., Holts, B.K. (eds). (2005). Rutaceae-Zygophyllaceae Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana 9: 1-608. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2012). Flora Mesoamericana 4(2): 1-533. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Fernandes, R. & Diniz, M.A. (2005). Avicenniaceae, Nesogenaceae, Verbenaceae and Lamiaceae (subfams, Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7): 1-161. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia 41: 41-82.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Welsh, S.L. (1998). Flora Societensis: 1-420. E.P.S. Inc. Utah.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • F.T.A. 5: 303
  • Thomas in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 68: 60. (1936)
  • in Trans. Bot. Soc. Edinb. 7: 265, t. 7 (1868)
  • in Trans. Bot. Soc. Edinb. 7: 580, t. 16 (1868)

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Backer & Bakhuizen van den Brink Jr., Fl. Java 2 : 611 (1965).
  • Exell, Suppl. Cat. Vasc. Pl. S. Tomé: 38 (1956).
  • F.T.A. 5 : 303 (1900).
  • F.T.E.A., Verbenaceae: 87 (1992).
  • F.W.T.A., ed. 2, 2 : 442, fig. 307 (1963).
  • Gossweiler, Fl. Exot. Angola: 51 (1950).
  • Hutchinson & Dalziel, F.W.T.A. 2 : 271, fig. 272 (1931).
  • Rev. Fl. Ceylon 4 : 433 (1983).
  • Troupin, Fl. Rwanda 3 : 276, fig. 89/1 (1985).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Berry, P.E., Yatskievych, K. & Holst, B.K. (eds.) in Steyermark, J., Berry, P.E., Holts, B.K. (eds). (2005). Rutaceae-Zygophyllaceae Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana 9: 1-608. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia 41: 41-82.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
  • Welsh, S.L. (1998). Flora Societensis: 1-420. E.P.S. Inc. Utah.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • GRIN (2021). Germplasm Resources Information Network from the United States Department of Agriculture. https://www.ars-grin.gov/
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0