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This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa.
Lantana angolensis Moldenke

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol 8, Pt 7. Avicenniaceae, R. Fernandes. Nesogenaceae, M.A. Diniz. Verbenaceae, R. Fernandes. Lamiaceae, R. Fernandes. 2005.

Type
Type from Angola.
Ecology
In Brachystegia woodlands often on rocky outcrops and escarpments, and in scrub on Kalahari Sands, also in Acacia woodlands, thickets, wooded grassland and grassland on floodplains and in riverine vegetation, sometimes in overgrazed areas; 850–1500 m.
Note
  Mendonça 1038 (BM; LISC), from Mozambique, Cabo Delgado Province (Palma, on the road to the Lighthouse, 21.x.1942) was originally determined as L. salviifolia Jacq. and later redetermined by Moldenke as L. viburnoides (Forssk.) Vahl.  Although in some features it approaches material belonging to L. rugosa Thunb., or in others L. viburnoides subsp. richardii , or material from east Africa, it appears to be distinct.  It is an undershrub of the open bush on coral rocks, with long lateral branches, short internodes and raised nodes.  Its leaves are opposite, small, up to 2.5 × 1.4 cm, and its peduncles are up to 3.7 cm long, slender, and longer than the subtending leaf.  The flowers are apparently white.   More material from Cabo Delgado and from Tanzania and Kenya is needed in order to determine the taxonomic status of this plant. Specimens belonging to L. angolensis have, in the past, been confused with a number of other taxa (see R. Fernandes in Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 61 : 129–130 (1989)), and in particular with L. rugosa Thunb. (as L. salviifolia Jacq.) where intermediates between it and L. angolensis occur.  L. angolensis may be distinguished from L. rugosa by its more robust branches usually bearing short densely leafy branchlets, and by its leaves mostly larger and relatively broader.  Its flowering peduncles are shorter, usually less than half the length of the leaf, whereas in L. rugosa they equal or exceed the middle of the subtending leaf, and are sometimes up to 2 or more times as long as it.  It is also distinguished from L. rugosa by its bracts which are not or hardly abruptly contracted and acuminate above, with flat or only slightly revolute margins; and by its denser indumentum of longer hairs, mainly on the lower surface of the leaf lamina. Some specimens, mainly those from Botswana, have an indumentum of ± long spreading hairs on the branches, branchlets, petioles and peduncles, and appear to differ from typical L. angolensis where the hairs are shorter, appressed and antrorse.  However, transitional forms between these two indumentum types are also found, and the recognition of the Botswana material as a separate variety (based on the indumentum) is not justified.
Distribution
Also in Angola, Namibia and South Africa (Transvaal). Caprivi Strip
Morphology General Habit
Shrub up to 1.5(2) m tall or a ± bushy perennial herb 20–70 cm tall. Shrub up to 1.5(2) m tall or a ± bushy perennial herb 20–70 cm tall
Morphology Stem
Stems several to many from a woody rootstock, becoming ± woody, somewhat 4-angular, simple or divaricately-branched; branches stout, leafy; branchlets often short with ± crowded leaves; indumentum hispid-pubescent with long whitish tubercle-based hairs usually curving and upwardly directed, twigs sparsely to ± densely hispid-tomentose with long spreading bristles especially on young growth, usually with scattered sessile glands, older branches and stems glabrescent. Stems several to many from a woody rootstock, becoming ± woody, somewhat 4-angular, simple or divaricately-branched; branches stout, leafy; branchlets often short with ± crowded leaves; indumentum hispid-pubescent with long whitish tubercle-based hairs usually curving and upwardly directed, twigs sparsely to ± densely hispid-tomentose with long spreading bristles especially on young growth, usually with scattered sessile glands, older branches and stems glabrescent
Morphology Leaves
Leaves usually opposite, rarely 3-whorled, distinctly petiolate; lamina (1)3–6(9) × (0.7)2–3.5(5) cm, ovate to broadly ovate or sometimes oblong-ovate, mostly ± tapering to an acute or subobtuse apex, ± abruptly rounded to subcordate at the base with the middle part of the rounded base cuneate and somewhat decurrent into the petiole, crenate or crenate-serrate on the margins with 16–28 teeth along almost the entire length of each side, somewhat membranous or chartaceous, light green and sparsely appressed hispidulous or sometimes velvety-hispidulous above with short spreading bristles, becoming ± scabridulous with the tubercle-bases persisting in older leaves, paler and ± densely hispidulous-pubescent to tomentose beneath with hairs mainly on the venation and not tubercle-based, indumentum intermixed with sessile glands; venation impressed on leaf upper surface and raised beneath; petiole 0.4–1.5 cm long. Leaves usually opposite, rarely 3-whorled, distinctly petiolate; lamina (1)3–6(9) × (0.7)2–3.5(5) cm, ovate to broadly ovate or sometimes oblong-ovate, mostly ± tapering to an acute or subobtuse apex, ± abruptly rounded to subcordate at the base with the middle part of the rounded base cuneate and somewhat decurrent into the petiole, crenate or crenate-serrate on the margins with 16–28 teeth along almost the entire length of each side, somewhat membranous or chartaceous, light green and sparsely appressed hispidulous or sometimes velvety-hispidulous above with short spreading bristles, becoming ± scabridulous with the tubercle-bases persisting in older leaves, paler and ± densely hispidulous-pubescent to tomentose beneath with hairs mainly on the venation and not tubercle-based, indumentum intermixed with sessile glands; venation impressed on leaf upper surface and raised beneath; petiole 0.4–1.5 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncles 1 per leaf axil with 2–3 per node, erect or ascending, 0.2–1.5(2.5) cm long, usually no longer than half the length of the subtending leaf and often shorter than the petioles, elongating in fruit. Peduncles 1 per leaf axil with 2–3 per node, erect or ascending, 0.2–1.5(2.5) cm long, usually no longer than half the length of the subtending leaf and often shorter than the petioles, elongating in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowering spikes 0.7–1.5 cm long, subspherical to ovoid in flower, elongating in fruit to c. 2(4) cm long and becoming ovoid-oblong to subcylindric; lower floral bracts leaf-like, shorter than the flowering spike, 5.5–10 × 3.5–6 mm, ovate or oblong-ovate, ± acuminate-cuspidate to acute at the apex, truncate or rounded at the base, flat or with ± revolute margins towards the apex, ± inconspicuously nerved, appressed hispidulous-puberulous, only slightly enlarged in fruiting spikes, usually soon caducous in fruit; fruiting spike-axes up to 27 mm long, with ± spaced prominent scars often within the remains of persistent calyces, white hispidulous-pubescent to strigose. Flowering spikes 0.7–1.5 cm long, subspherical to ovoid in flower, elongating in fruit to c. 2(4) cm long and becoming ovoid-oblong to subcylindric; lower floral bracts leaf-like, shorter than the flowering spike, 5.5–10 × 3.5–6 mm, ovate or oblong-ovate, ± acuminate-cuspidate to acute at the apex, truncate or rounded at the base, flat or with ± revolute margins towards the apex, ± inconspicuously nerved, appressed hispidulous-puberulous, only slightly enlarged in fruiting spikes, usually soon caducous in fruit; fruiting spike-axes up to 27 mm long, with ± spaced prominent scars often within the remains of persistent calyces, white hispidulous-pubescent to strigose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla lilac or mauve to pink or purple, with a yellow throat; tube 5–6 mm long; upper lip 2.5–3 mm wide, slightly emarginate; lower lip 4–6 mm wide with the 3 lobes entire, rounded. Corolla lilac or mauve to pink or purple, with a yellow throat; tube 5–6 mm long; upper lip 2.5–3 mm wide, slightly emarginate; lower lip 4–6 mm wide with the 3 lobes entire, rounded
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers c. 0.5 mm long, oblong. Anthers c. 0.5 mm long, oblong
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupes 3–3.5 × 3 mm, lilac to purple or dark purple when mature. Drupes 3–3.5 × 3 mm, lilac to purple or dark purple when mature.

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Caprivi Strip, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Zambia, Zimbabwe

English
Bird's brandy

Lantana angolensis Moldenke appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Dec 1, 2008 Heath, A. [1460], Botswana K000509766
Oct 14, 2008 Crawford, F. [180], Namibia K000450258
Oct 14, 2008 Crawford, F. [180], Namibia K000450257
Jan 1, 2008 Bingham [9073], Zambia K000479893
Couto, C. [1], Angola K001009839
Welwitsch [5761], Angola K001009846
Pearson, H.H.W. [2453], Angola K001009844
Pearson, H.H.W. [2453], Angola K001009853
Borges, A. [351], Angola K001009836
Welwitsch [5755], Angola K001009845
Barbosa, G. [10071], Angola K001009841
Henriques, C. [256], Angola K001009851
Pearson, H.H.W. [2574], Angola K001009848
Barbosa, G. [9731], Angola K001009842
Pearson, H.H.W. [2453], Angola K001009849
Menezes, A. [3732], Angola K001009838
de Menezes, A. [1023], Angola K001009852
Baum, H. [449], Angola K001009847
Menezes, A. [3625], Angola K001009837
Pearson, H.H.W. [2416], Angola K001009843
de Menezes, A. [3284], Angola K001009840
Codd, L.E. [7576], Zambia K001009850

First published in Phytologia 3: 37 (1948)

Accepted by

  • Fernandes, R. & Diniz, M.A. (2005). Avicenniaceae, Nesogenaceae, Verbenaceae and Lamiaceae (subfams, Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7): 1-161. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Fernandes, R.B. (2006). Contribução para o conhecimento das Avicenniaceae e Verbenaceae da Flora de Angola Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17(2): 5-68.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 61 : 128, t. 1 & 2 (1989).
  • F.C. 5 , 1: 190 (1901) pro parte, non L. (1759) neque Jacq. (1798).
  • Merxmüller, Prodr. Fl. SW. Afrika, fam. 122: 7 (1967).
  • White, For. Fl. N. Rhod.: 370 (1962).
  • sensu Hiern, Cat. Afr. Pl. Welw. 1 , 4: 827 (1900), as “ salvifolia” , pro parte quoad specim. Welwitsch 5755 et 5761.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Fernandes, R. & Diniz, M.A. (2005). Avicenniaceae, Nesogenaceae, Verbenaceae and Lamiaceae (subfams, Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7): 1-161. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
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