Genus:
Lantana L.

Lantana viburnoides (Forssk.) Vahl

This species is accepted, and its native range is Africa, Arabian Peninsula.

[FTEA]

Verbenaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1992

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or subshrub 0.3–2.5 m. tall, occasionally scrambling; branches with adpressed short upwardly directed hairs, at length ± glabrous and roughened with distinctly raised petiole-bases.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves almost always opposite, but occasionally in whorls of 3, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, elliptic-oblong or elliptic-lanceolate, 1.5–2.5(–12) cm. long, 0.7–4(–7) cm. wide, acute to ± obtuse at the apex, rounded then attenuate-cuneate into the petiole at the base, regularly coarsely to finely somewhat rounded crenate, not to distinctly discolorous, pubescent with ± tubercle-based hairs above and somewhat scabrid, pubescent to velvety or tomentose beneath; petiole up to 1.5 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Peduncles solitary, rarely paired, (1.5–)2.5–13.5 cm. long, shorter than to usually longer than the subtending leaf, shortly pubescent; heads 0.7–1.5 cm. long, 1.1–2.5 cm. wide, mostly wider than long but elongating in fruit to 1.5–3 cm. or occasionally much longer, to 5 cm. in some forms; lower bracts rounded to broadly ovate or rarely oblong-ovate, 0.6–1.4(–1.5) cm. long, (3–)5–9 mm. wide, ± acuminate to less often long-acuminate or obtuse, equalling or exceeding the upper corollas at flowering but shorter than fruiting spikes, pubescent and glandular to densely velvety tomentose, sometimes strongly ribbed in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 2 mm. long, undulate, thinly pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla predominantly white or sometimes pink; tube 5.5 mm. long; limb ± 5 mm. wide; lower lip 3.5 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupes lilac-purple, rhomboid-subglobose, 2.5–3.5 mm. long.

[FWTA]

Verbenaceae, H. Huber, F. N. Hepper & R. D. Meikle. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Aromatic straggling subshrub or woody herb to about 3 ft. high
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Peduncles long, usually exceeding the leaves
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers relatively large, white.

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol 8, Pt 7. Avicenniaceae, R. Fernandes. Nesogenaceae, M.A. Diniz. Verbenaceae, R. Fernandes. Lamiaceae, R. Fernandes. 2005.

Type
Type from Yemen.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or subshrub, 0.5–2.5 m tall; young stems shortly appressed pubescent
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite; blades ovate to elliptic-lanceolate, 0.7–5(–12) x 0.4–3(–7) cm, acute to ± obtuse at the apex, rounded-cuneate at the base, crenate, ± scabrid above, pubescent to tomentose beneath; petiole up to 10(–15) mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers in axillary heads 0.7–1.5 x 0.8–2.5 cm, elongating in fruit up to 3 cm or more long; peduncle (0.5–)1.5–13.5 cm long; lower bracts rounded to ovate, 6–15 x 3–9 mm, ± acuminate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx c. 2 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white or pink; tube c. 5.5 mm long, puberulous outside; limb c. 3–5 mm wide
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupes lilac-purple, 2.5–3.5 mm long.
Distribution
N1–3; C1, 2; S1–3
Ecology
Altitude range 40–1680 m.
Vernacular
Geed xamar, reexaan, xitoole (Somali).
Note
A variable taxon variously subdivided by Fernandes (1989) and Verdcourt in Fl. Trop. E. Afr. (1992). The Somali material is nearest var. viburnoides in Verdcourt´s classification, although the leaves are mostly relatively small. Records of L. kisi A. Rich., L. petitiana A. Rich., L. rugosa Thunb. and L. trifolia L. from Somalia in Cuf. Enum.: 788–790 (1962) are probably all based on material of L. viburnoides.

[FSOM]
Use
Leaves used to flavour tea and ghee.

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Lantana viburnoides (Forssk.) Vahl appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 2008 Kuchar [16977], Somalia K000479753 No
Jan 1, 2008 Kuchar [17555], Somalia K000479754 No
Jan 1, 2008 Kuchar [17791], Somalia K000479755 No
Jan 1, 2008 Kasmi [5685], Somalia K000479756 No
Dillon, Q. [s.n.], Ethiopia K000379336 Unknown type material Yes
Schimper [257], Ethiopia K000379386 Yes
Burton [s.n.], Congo K000379387 Unknown type material Yes

First published in Symb. Bot. 1: 45 (1790)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • F.T.A. 5: 276, partly.
  • Symb. Bot. 1: 45 (1790)

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 61 : 196 (1989).
  • F.T.A. 5 : 276 (1900) pro parte.
  • F.T.E.A., Verbenaceae: 40 (1992).
  • Mitt. Inst. Bot. Hamb. 10 : 215 (1939).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.

Flora of Somalia

  • Fernandes in Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 61: 125–214 (1989).
  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 5: 276 (1900), pro parte excl. specim. cit.
  • Blatter in Rec. Bot. Surv. India 8: 363 (1921).
  • Collenette, Fl. Saudi Arabia: 495 (1985).
  • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 587 (1961).
  • R. Fernandes in Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 61: 196, t. 15–18 (1989).
  • Schwartz in Mitt. Inst. Bot. Hamb. 10: 215 (1939).
  • Vahl, Symb. Bot. 1: 45 (1790).

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0