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This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to S. Africa and Pacific.

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol 8, Pt 7. Avicenniaceae, R. Fernandes. Nesogenaceae, M.A. Diniz. Verbenaceae, R. Fernandes. Lamiaceae, R. Fernandes. 2005.

Type
Type from India.
Morphology General Habit
Small deciduous shrub
Morphology Leaves Leaflets
Leaflets 1–5, lanceolate, discolorous, glabrous above and white-tomentose beneath with the tomentum obscuring the whole lower surface
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences terminal and axillary in upper leaf axils, comprised of much branched panicles of many-flowered cymes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers small, blue, lavender or purple, 3–5 mm in diameter; corolla limb lower lip with a semicircular line of dense hairs at the base near the throat; drupe c. 5 mm long and wide.
Note
The taxonomy and nomenclature of V. trifolia s.l. is complex.  A discussion of its synonymy and distribution has been provided by Moldenke (loc. cit., 1983).  Here, I have followed Verdcourt (loc. cit., 1992) in calling our taxon V. trifolia var. bicolor , although in much African literature the name V. negundo has been used.  Verdcourt considered V. trifolia var. bicolor to be native in East Africa, but in the Flora Zambesiaca area I have only seen two apparently cultivated/naturalized specimens from Mozambique ( Groenendijk & Dungo 578; Balsinhas 2260).  The main area of distribution of V. trifolia/V. negundo is the Indian subcontinent and tropical and subtropical SE Asia.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1–4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Distribution
Widespread along coasts of the Old World tropics and also widely cultivated.
Morphology Leaves Leaflets
Leaflets often 5, the 3 middle ones with distinct petiolules, entire
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes of panicle distinctly stalked.

Native to:

Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Caroline Is., Comoros, Cook Is., Fiji, Gilbert Is., Hainan, India, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Line Is., Madagascar, Malaya, Maluku, Marianas, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Niue, Philippines, Queensland, Samoa, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Tanzania, Tonga, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is.

Introduced into:

Mozambique

Vitex bicolor Willd. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Sauveur, E.G. [216], Indonesia Vitex trifolia var. bicolor K000672682

First published in Enum. Pl.: 660 (1809)

Accepted by

  • Bramley, G.L.C. (2019). Flora Malesiana 23: 1-444. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.

Not accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Vitex trifolia var. bicolor.]
  • Mabberley, D.J. & De Kok, R.P.J. (2004). Labiatae Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances 25: 20-141. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris. [Cited as Vitex trifolia subsp. trifolia.]

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Bramley, G.L.C. (2019). Flora Malesiana 23: 1-444. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0