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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Verbenaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1992

Morphology General Habit
Shrub 2–4.5 m. or branched tree 3–15 m. tall or even described as a herb to 1.2 m.; bark smooth, yellow-green; young shoots often square, with dense pubescence of short curled and adpressed and rather longer spreading hairs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves aromatic, 3–5-foliolate; leaflets ovate to elliptic or obovate-elliptic, 3.5–18 cm. long, 2–9 cm. wide, acuminate at the apex, rounded to cuneate at the base, entire or toothed, ± discolorous, subscabrid above with short hairs or glabrescent but with small yellow glands, sparsely to densely pubescent to subtomentose beneath particularly on the venation and densely dotted with small yellow glands; petiole 4–12.5 cm. long; petiolules 0–2.5 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences much branched, paniculate, 10–30 cm. long, densely pubescent with short and long hairs and glandular; bracts linear, 2–3 mm. long; pedicels 0–1.5 mm. long, enlarging to 2–3 mm. in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 2 mm. long, ribbed, denticulate or shallowly toothed, densely pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white or greenish yellow; tube 3–4.5 mm. long, the upper part glandular and tomentose outside; upper lip bilobed with lobes 1–1.5 mm. long, lower lip 3-lobed, 2.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 2–5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit very characteristic, globose, 5–7 mm. diameter, so densely glandular as to appear yellow or yellow-brown but white under the coating; calycine cup 7–9 mm. wide, pubescent and gland-dotted.
Habitat
Thicket, secondary bushland, deciduous woodland of Ricinodendron, etc., also Brachystegia, Uapaca woodland, grassland and derived plantations; 360–1500 m.
Distribution
T3 T6 T7 T8

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol 8, Pt 7. Avicenniaceae, R. Fernandes. Nesogenaceae, M.A. Diniz. Verbenaceae, R. Fernandes. Lamiaceae, R. Fernandes. 2005.

Type
Type from Tanzania.
Morphology General Habit
Shrub 2–4.5 m tall, sometimes scandent or frequently a strong liane, occasionally a small tree to 6 m tall; bark fissured, dark grey-brown; older stems grey-brown tomentose; young stems conspicuously 4-angled, pale yellow tomentose Shrub 2–4.5 m tall, sometimes scandent or frequently a strong liane, occasionally a small tree to 6 m tall; bark fissured, dark grey-brown; older stems grey-brown tomentose; young stems conspicuously 4-angled, pale yellow tomentose.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves aromatic when crushed, (3)5-foliolate; petioles 4–14 cm long, terete; median petiolules 1–2.5 cm long; leaflets 5–16 × 2.5–7 cm, median leaflet largest, oblong-elliptic to obovate, long-acuminate at the apex, ± asymmetric and cuneate at the base, entire to occasionally serrate, ± discolorous, scabrid above with short hairs or glabrescent, sparsely to densely pubescent to subtomentose beneath and densely yellow gland-dotted, nerves ± sunken above and prominent beneath Leaves aromatic when crushed, (3)5-foliolate; petioles 4–14 cm long, terete; median petiolules 1–2.5 cm long; leaflets 5–16 × 2.5–7 cm, median leaflet largest, oblong-elliptic to obovate, long-acuminate at the apex, ± asymmetric and cuneate at the base, entire to occasionally serrate, ± discolorous, scabrid above with short hairs or glabrescent, sparsely to densely pubescent to subtomentose beneath and densely yellow gland-dotted, nerves ± sunken above and prominent beneath.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal, paniculate, (4)9–35 cm long, white-tomentose; bracteoles 1–5 mm long, linear Inflorescence terminal, paniculate, (4)9–35 cm long, white-tomentose; bracteoles 1–5 mm long, linear.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx obconical, shallowly 5-toothed, gland-dotted, pubescent sometimes lanate, strongly accrescent in fruit; tube 1.5–2 mm long; lobes 0.4–0.8 mm long, erect Calyx obconical, shallowly 5-toothed, gland-dotted, pubescent sometimes lanate, strongly accrescent in fruit; tube 1.5–2 mm long; lobes 0.4–0.8 mm long, erect.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white or mauve; tube 4–5 mm long, straight, glandular and pubescent outside; upper lip 2-lobed with lobes at an obtuse angle to tube; lower lip 3-lobed, 0.7–2 × 1.4–1.8 mm Corolla white or mauve; tube 4–5 mm long, straight, glandular and pubescent outside; upper lip 2-lobed with lobes at an obtuse angle to tube; lower lip 3-lobed, 0.7–2 × 1.4–1.8 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens scarcely exserted from tube; filaments glabrous Stamens scarcely exserted from tube; filaments glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary obovoid, gland-dotted at apex, glabrous; apex almost truncate; style 0.4–0.5 mm long
Ecology
Forest margins in grassland with Cussonia , in riverine vegetation, wooded grassland and mixed deciduous woodlands with Bauhinia , Brachystegia and Combretum ; 10–1800 m.
Note
Readily identified by the small spherical fruits covered with a characteristic bright orange-yellow papery glandular coat, but white beneath it.  The scabrid adaxial surface of the leaflets and the abundant yellow oil-dots, especially abaxially, are also characteristic and apparent even on seedlings.  Yellow oil-dots are also present on calyx and corolla.
Distribution
District code: MOZ N, ZIM E, MAL N, MAL C, MAL S, MOZ N, MOZ Z, MOZ MS. Mozambique Malawi Zimbabwe Zambia Also in Tanzania and Dem. Rep. Congo.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary obovoid, gland-dotted at apex, glabrous; apex almost truncate; style 0.4–0.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a globose drupe, c. 6–8 mm in diameter, enveloped in a distinctive bright orange-yellow papery flaking layer of glands, the fruit whitish beneath, the lower c. 1/3 enclosed by the enlarged calyx; fruiting calyx cup-shaped, pubescent, gland-dotted. Fruit a globose drupe, c. 6–8 mm in diameter, enveloped in a distinctive bright orange-yellow papery flaking layer of glands, the fruit whitish beneath, the lower c. 1/3 enclosed by the enlarged calyx; fruiting calyx cup-shaped, pubescent, gland-dotted.

Native to:

Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Vitex buchananii Baker ex Gürke appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2009 Patel, I.H.et al. [1677], Malawi K000509853
Jan 1, 2009 Patel, I.H.et al. [1993], Malawi K000509854
Jan 1, 2008 Luke, Q. et al. [4898], Tanzania K000509850
Jun 30, 1987 Volkens, G. [132], Tanzania K000192770
Jun 30, 1987 Goetze, W. [157], Malawi K000414476 isotype
Jun 30, 1987 Stolz, A. [1398], Kenya K000192771 isosyntype
Milne-Redhead, E. [8644], Tanzania 31127.000
Patel, H. [s.n.], Mozambique K000614359

First published in H.G.A.Engler, Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 339 (1895)

Accepted by

  • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
  • Fernandes, R. & Diniz, M.A. (2005). Avicenniaceae, Nesogenaceae, Verbenaceae and Lamiaceae (subfams, Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7): 1-161. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
  • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62 , Beibl. 141: 53 (1928).
  • Brenan, Check-list For. Trees Shrubs Tang. Terr.: 642 (1949).
  • Brenan, Check-list For. Trees Shrubs Tang. Terr.: 643 (1949).
  • Bull. Misc. Inform., Kew 1895 : 152 (1895).
  • Estud. Ensaios Doc. Junta Invest. Ci. Ultramar [in Mendonça, Contrib. Conhec. Fl. Moçamb. II]: 170 (1954).
  • F.T.A. 5 : 319 (1900).
  • F.T.E.A., Verbenaceae: 54, 55 (1992).
  • J. S. African Bot. 18 : 76 (1952).
  • K. Coates Palgrave, Trees South. Africa: 807 (1977).
  • Kew Bull. 56 : 191 (2001).
  • Kirkia 10 : 272 (1975).
  • M. Coates Palgrave, ed. 3 of K. Coates Palgrave, Trees South. Africa: 981 (2002).
  • White, For. Fl. N. Rhod.: 371 (1962).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 5: 319 (1900).
  • Coates Palgrave, Trees S. Afr.: 807 (1977).
  • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 371 (1962).
  • Gürke in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 339 (1895).
  • Haerdi in Acta Trop., Suppl. 8: 153 (1964).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 642 (1949).
  • Pieper in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 62, Beibl. 141: 54 (1928).
  • Vollesen in Opera Bot. 59: 83 (1980).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0