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This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Vanuatu to New Caledonia.

[KBu]

De Kok, R. (2007). The Genus Vitex L. (Lamiaceae) in New Guinea and the South Pacific Islands. Kew Bulletin, 62(4), 587-603. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/20443390

Conservation
EN B1+2c (IUCN 2002).
Distribution
New Caledonia and southern Vanuatu (Aneityum, Efate and Erromango Islands)
Ecology
Forest (sometimes dominated by Araucaria montanae Brongn. and maquis [Acacia spirorbis Labill.]) at 15 - 1500 m, calcareous, serpentine and peridotite substrates.
Morphology General Bark
Bark irregularly flaking, grey; wood yellowish
Morphology General Habit
Tree or shrub to 0.6 - 20 m high, trunk up to 60 cm DBH, sometimes fluted
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3 - 5(- 7)-foliolate, (round-) elliptic to narrowly elliptic, central leaflet 3 - 16 x 2.8 - 8 cm, ratio 1 - 2.2, side leaflets (0.6 -)1.8 - 3.7 x 2.3 - 3 cm, ratio 1 - 1.7, glabrous, base cuneate to obtuse, apex acute to round or emarginate, margin entire to lobed, lower surface covered with glands; venation pinnate, 7 - 10 main side veins
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petiole 6 - 10 cm long, glabrous, round to half terete in cross-section, sometimes with glands; petiolules 0.6 - 3.4 cm long, hairs few to velutinous, erect to appressed, glands few to common
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 7 - 8 mm long, sub-exserted, inserted at base of corolla, filament sparsely covered with erect multicellular hairs; anthers c. 2 mm long, black
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 0 - 5-lobed, campanulate, accrescent, glabrous with many short-stalked glands; lobes c. 0.5 mm long, apex acute, ciliate; flowering calyx 3.5 - 4 mm diameter, erect; fruiting calyx 8 - 9 mm diameter, patent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla (4 -)5-lobed, covered outside with small glands, brown-orange to red; lip 2.5 - 3 mm long, 3.5 - 5 mm wide, spathulate, erect, apex truncate to emarginate, margin entire, bright pink or purple; side lobes 1.5 - 3 x 2.5 - 4 mm, erect, apex acute to emarginate; back lobe(s) 1.5 - 3 x 2.5 - 3 mm, erect, apex acute; tube 8 - 15 mm long, constricted in the lower part
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 2 - 3 mm diameter, globose to ellipsoid, glabrous, glands absent or only apex covered; style 8.5 - 9 mm long, glabrous, stigma 2-lobed, c. 0.2 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits fresh unknown; dried 12 - 13 x 13 - 15 min, globose, apex flattened, glabrous, smooth, ripening red-orange to black
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary, cymose, main axis 0.8 - 4 cm long, round in cross-section at base, flattened at apex; glandular hairs absent to many, erect, simple, multicellular; glands round, few, short-stalked; bracteoles triangular, c. 1 mm long, margin ciliate, persistent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 4 (or fewer by abortion) per fruit.
Note
This species is closely related to Vitex lucens Kirk from New Zealand, and also may be closely related to the Australian species Premna lignum-vitae (Schauer) Pieper (formally known as Vitex lignum-vitae A. Cunn. ex Schauer). They share the same inflorescence type (a lax strictly dichotomously branched inflorescence), and the large tubular corolla with glandular hairs on its outer surface. In V. lucens, the number of corolla lobes is variable (4 - 5), but predominately 5. For a more detailed discussion on the position of V. collina, see Mabberley (1998). The leaf shape and texture can vary greatly between populations; this is undoubtedly a result of the great ecological amplitude of this species (from dry heaths on serpentine to rain forest on clay). For a more detailed discussion on the variation of the leaf morphology, see Moldenke (1981) and Mabberley (1998).
Phenology
Flowering, July -Jan. (- April); fruiting, Oct. - March (- April).
Type
Montrouzier 187 (lectotype, P!).

Native to:

New Caledonia, Vanuatu

Vitex collina (Montrouz.) Beauvis. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jul 24, 2007 Fambert-Tinel [68], New Caledonia K000479283

First published in Gen. Montrouz.: 66 (1901)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mabberley, D.J. & De Kok, R.P.J. (2004). Labiatae Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances 25: 20-141. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • de Kok, R.P.J. (2007). The genus Vitex L. (Lamiaceae) in New Guinea and the South Pacific islands Kew Bulletin 62: 587-603.

Literature

Kew Bulletin

  • Beauvisage, G. E. C. (1901). Genera montrouzierana: plantarum novae Calédoniae. J. B. Baillière, Paris.
  • Mabberley, D.J. (1998). On Neorapinia (Vitex sensu lato, Labiatae-Viticoideae). Telopea 7: 313 - 317.
  • Moldenke, H. N. (1955). Materials toward a monograph of the genus Vitex III. Phytologia 5: 255 - 280.
  • Montrousier, P. (1860). Flore de L'Ile Art. Mem. Acad. Roy. Sei. Lyon, Sect. Sci. 10: 173 - 254.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • de Kok, R.P.J. (2007). The genus Vitex L. (Lamiaceae) in New Guinea and the South Pacific islands Kew Bulletin 62: 587-603.

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Bulletin
Kew Bulletin
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0