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This species is accepted, and its native range is South Sudan to S. Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol 8, Pt 7. Avicenniaceae, R. Fernandes. Nesogenaceae, M.A. Diniz. Verbenaceae, R. Fernandes. Lamiaceae, R. Fernandes. 2005.

Type
Type from Tanzania. Type from Angola.
Morphology General Habit
Tree up to 15 m tall or more; bark shallowly fissured, ± smooth, greyish to pale yellow-brown; older branches yellow-brown; young branches and petioles orange-tawny tomentose Tree up to 15 m tall or more; bark shallowly fissured, ± smooth, greyish to pale yellow-brown; older branches yellow-brown; young branches and petioles orange-tawny tomentose.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves (4)5–7-foliolate; petioles (3)5–20 cm long, terete; median petiolules 0.5–2 cm long Leaves (4)5–7-foliolate; petioles (3)5–20 cm long, terete; median petiolules 0.5–2 cm long; leaflets 8–19 × 3–9 cm, median leaflet largest, elliptic, ovate to obovate, rounded to long acuminate at the apex, cuneate to rounded at the base, ± entire, somewhat scabrid-puberulous above to glabrescent, velvety-tomentose and sparsely to densely gland-dotted beneath and paler than the upper surface, nerves raised on both surfaces.
Morphology Leaves Leaflets
leaflets 8–19 × 3–9 cm, median leaflet largest, elliptic, ovate to obovate, rounded to long acuminate at the apex, cuneate to rounded at the base, ± entire, somewhat scabrid-puberulous above to glabrescent, velvety-tomentose and sparsely to densely gland-dotted beneath and paler than the upper surface, nerves raised on both surfaces
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary, of ± sturdy densely-flowered compound dichasia 5–16 cm long, pale yellow-tomentose; bracteoles 0.4–1 cm long, linear Inflorescences axillary, of ± sturdy densely-flowered compound dichasia 5–16 cm long, pale yellow-tomentose; bracteoles 0.4–1 cm long, linear.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx obconical, 5-lobed, lanate, sparsely gland-dotted, accrescent in fruit; tube 2–2.3 mm long; lobes 0.5–1.0 mm long, erect Calyx obconical, 5-lobed, lanate, sparsely gland-dotted, accrescent in fruit; tube 2–2.3 mm long; lobes 0.5–1.0 mm long, erect.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corollas 8–10 mm long, not gland-dotted, lanate or pubescent; tubes white, 5–6 mm long, curved; lobes mauve, at an obtuse angle to tube, middle lower lobe 3–5 × 2–3 mm Corollas 8–10 mm long, not gland-dotted, lanate or pubescent; tubes white, 5–6 mm long, curved; lobes mauve, at an obtuse angle to tube, middle lower lobe 3–5 × 2–3 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens scarcely exserted from the corolla tube; filaments glabrous Stamens scarcely exserted from the corolla tube; filaments glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary obovoid, gland-dotted and pubescent toward the apex; apex truncate; style c. 6 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupe c. 1.3 × 0.7 cm, ellipsoid-obovoid, rounded at apex, the lower half enclosed by the enlarged calyx, purple-green to black with green spots at maturity; fruiting calyx cup-shaped , pubescent, not gland-dotted. Drupe c. 1.3 × 0.7 cm, ellipsoid-obovoid, rounded at apex, the lower half enclosed by the enlarged calyx, purple-green to black with green spots at maturity; fruiting calyx cup-shaped, pubescent, not gland-dotted.
Ecology
Miombo woodland, woodlands with Entandrophragma , Erythrophleum , Newtonia and Pachystela , wooded grassland and thickets, also on termite mounds; to 1220 m.
Note
  V. fischeri is similar to V. madiensis subsp. milanjiensis in its inflorescences (densely flowered and shorter than the peduncles) in its small flowers and in leaflet shape and size.  However, it may be distinguished by stem colour (yellow-brown in V. fischeri , but dark purplish-brown in V. madiensis subsp. milanjiensis ) and by the leaflet lower surface indumentum (usually of dense curly hairs in V. fischeri and rather straight scattered hairs in V. madiensis ).   V. fischeri is distinguished from V. ferruginea , with which it shares the characters of petiolulate, long acuminate leaflets and leaves sometimes 7-foliolate, by the flower size (much larger in V. ferruginea ) and by the   leaflet lower surface indumentum (scattered small hairs in V. ferruginea ).
Distribution
District code: MOZ B, MOZ N, MOZ W. Zambia Also in Sudan, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Dem. Rep. Congo and Angola.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary obovoid, gland-dotted and pubescent toward the apex; apex truncate; style c. 6 mm long.

[FTEA]

Verbenaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1992

Morphology General Habit
Savannah shrub or small to fairly large tree (1.8–)4.5–9 or sometimes to 15(–18) m. tall with rounded crown; bark grey to dark brown, shallowly striate and fissured, slash white to light brown with white sapwood; young branches and petioles densely clothed with velvety orange-brown hairs or yellow-tomentose.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves scented, 5-foliolate; leaflets oblong, ovate-elliptic to elliptic or slightly obovate-elliptic, 5–19 cm. long, 3–10 cm. wide, shortly to long-acuminate at the apex, the tip acute, cuneate to rounded at the base, entire, somewhat scabrid-puberulous above but later ± glabrous, velvety woolly tomentose beneath and with sparse to dense glands, the surface usually totally obscured but sometimes indumentum much sparser with glands and venation evident; lateral nerves rather numerous, up to ± 15 pairs; petioles 6.5–16.5 cm. long; petiolules 1–2(3–8) cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes axillary, extensive, many-flowered, up to 11(–15) cm. wide; peduncle 6–14 cm. long; pedicels 0–1 mm. long or that of central flower of cyme up to 12 mm.; all axes woolly-tomentose; bracts and bracteoles narrow, 0.3–2.2 cm. long, dark and ± glabrous inside, velvety outside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx often tinged red, 3–4 mm. long, truncate or shallowly toothed, the teeth up to 1 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white with blue or mauve upper lip and lower cream or both blue; throat yellow; tube ± 3 mm. long, the lip 3.5 mm. long and lower lobes 2.5 mm. long and wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit black or purple-green to black with green spots, oblong-globose, 1–1.3 mm. long, 0.8–1 cm. wide, edible; calycine cup ± 1 cm. wide.
Habitat
Wooded grassland and thicket particularly on granite rocks, also rich bushland on termite mounds and Bridelia, Maesopsis, Albizia forest; 980–2080 m.
Distribution
K3 K5 K6 T1 T4 U1 U3 U4

Native to:

Angola, Burundi, Kenya, Mozambique, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

Vitex fischeri Gürke appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Apr 3, 2014 Welwitsch, F.M.J. [5696], Angola K001067045 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 2011 Loup [416], Tanzania K000249829
Dawkins, H.C. [415], Uganda 18107.000
Grant, D. [846], Kenya K000192779
Grant, D. [846], Kenya K000192780
Grant, D. [846], Kenya K000192781

First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 18: 171 (1893)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Fernandes, R. & Diniz, M.A. (2005). Avicenniaceae, Nesogenaceae, Verbenaceae and Lamiaceae (subfams, Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7): 1-161. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Meerts, P. (2018). Synopsis of the genus Vites (Lamiaceae) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo Plant Ecology and Evolution 151: 380-392.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62 , Beibl. 141: 60 (1928).
  • Brenan, Check-list For. Trees Shrubs Tang. Terr.: 642 (1949).
  • F.T.A. 5 : 330 (1900).
  • F.T.E.A., Verbenaceae: 59 (1992).
  • Kew Bull. 56 : 195 (2001).
  • Phytologia 5 : 335 (1955).
  • White, For. Fl. N. Rhod.: 371 (1962).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 5: 330 (1900).
  • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 595, fig. 109/a,c,d (1961).
  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 200 (1956).
  • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 371 (1962).
  • Gürke in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 18: 171 (1893)
  • Gürke in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 339 (1895).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 643 (1949).
  • Pieper in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 62, Beibl. 141: 60 (1928).
  • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 445 (1952).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0