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This species is accepted, and its native range is Thailand to N. Sumatera.
Vitex gamosepala

[KBu]

de Kok, R. (2008). The genus Vitex (Labiatae) in the Flora Malesiana region, excluding New Guinea. Kew Bulletin 63: 17. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-007-9013-7

Conservation
Least concern.
Distribution
Thailand and Peninsular Malaysia, Indonesia: North Sumatra.
Ecology
Primary and secondary forest, both deciduous and evergreen. Soil yellow-red loam or clay, sometimes over limestone or acidic rock, at 30 – 730 (– 1800) m. altitude.
Morphology General Bark
Bark smooth, (dark) white to grey brown, slash yellowish-brownish or brown, wood whitish-yellowish
Morphology General Habit
Tree (rarely liana) 4 – 20 m high, (3 –)10 – 45 cm DBH
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3-foliolate; central leaflet elliptic to narrowly elliptic, 8 – 15 × 3.5 – 7.5 cm, ratio 2 – 3, side leaflets 7.5 – 11 × 2.4 – 3.1 ratio 2.3 – 3; apex acuminate, base cuneate, sometimes slightly oblique, glabrous, rarely moderately hairy, whitish-green beneath, young leaves dirty purple or bronze, 6 – 10 secondary veins; glands few to many, yellowish
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petiole 5.5 – 8 cm, round in cross-section, few erect hairs, glands few to many; petiolules 1.5 – 4 cm long, few erect hairs
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments 4 – 7 mm long, inserted in middle part of tube, white
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 4-lobed, 2-lipped, upper lip 0.2 – 0.5 mm long; lower lip 3-lobed and its length 2/3 – ½ of upper lobes, not accrescent, apex rounded to acute, (light) green, hairs few, always erect; glands many
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 5-lobed, (bright) yellow, covered outside with glands; lip 1.5 – 5 × 1 – 3.5 mm, spathulate, apex round, margin entire, patent; side lobes reflexed, 1.5 – 2 × 1 – 2 mm, apex round; back lobes 1.5 – 4 × 1 – 4 mm, apex round, fused up to 50%, erect; tube 4 – 10 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary c. 1 mm diameter, glabrous, apex covered with glands
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 5 – 12 mm long, only slightly exceeding the corolla tube; stigma 0.5 – 0.8 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit, fresh ellipsoid, c. 8 mm diameter; purple black or dark brown; dried 4 – 5 × 5 – 6 mm ellipsoid to globose, apex rounded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence axillary, dichasia, axis 0.2 – 1 cm long, round to flattened in cross-section; glabrous to sparsely hairy, erect to patent; glands few to many; bracteoles triangular to linear, less than 2.5 mm long, moderately ciliate, often not persistent
Note
This species was previously erroneously recorded to occur in Borneo (Lam & Bakhuizen van den Brink 1921). However, in this study all specimens from Borneo which were orginally thought to belong to this species, have now been placed into either Vitex vestita or V. flava.
Phenology
Flowering from July to August. Fruiting from August to April.
Type
[Malaysia] Malacca at Ching Rgingull, Griffith 6065 (holotype K!; isotype NY!).
Vernacular
Selangor: Kayu Hinai Bukit (Temuan; Gadeh anak Umbai 1753); North Sumatra: Belulang (Wiriadinata & Maskuri 539).

Native to:

Malaya, Sumatera, Thailand

Recorded in error in:

Borneo

Vitex gamosepala Griff. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Nov 27, 2015 Mohd Hairul [FRI72331], Malaysia K000734917
Feb 17, 2010 Julia [91176], Sarawak K000249135
Oct 20, 2009 Imin [50781], Malaya K000248822
Oct 20, 2009 Syahida [55047], Malaya K000248823
Jan 1, 2008 Kamarul Hisham [FRI 52002], Malaysia K000509566
Jan 1, 2006 Jacobson, E. [182], Indonesia K000705039 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 2006 Jacobson, E. [2675], Indonesia K000705040 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 2005 Griffith [6065], Malaysia K000223173 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 2005 unknown [KEP 66565], Malaysia K000222791
Jan 1, 2005 Wray, L. [1080], Malaysia K000222895 syntype
Jan 1, 2005 Saw, L.G. [36318], Malaysia K000222775
Jan 1, 2005 Noorsiha, A. et al. [39241], Malaysia K000222774
Jan 1, 2005 Gadoh anak Umbai [1753], Malaysia K000223172
Jan 1, 2005 Geops, J. [839], Malaysia K000222930
Jan 1, 2005 Griffith [s.n.], Malaysia K000222929
Jan 1, 2005 Griffith [s.n.], Malaysia K000222926
Jan 1, 2005 Griffith [s.n.], Malaysia K000222927
Jan 1, 2005 Griffith [s.n.], Malaysia K000222928
Jan 1, 2005 Everett, B. [13594], Malaysia K000270726
Jan 1, 2004 Teo, L.E. [1000], Malaysia K000270635
Jan 1, 2004 Ridley [10096], Peninsular Malaysia K000270638 syntype
Jan 1, 2004 Wray, L. [1080], Malaysia K000222896 syntype
Jan 1, 2004 Wray, L. [992], Malaysia K000222897 syntype
Jan 1, 2004 Scortechini, B. [s.n.], Malaysia K000270727 syntype
Jan 1, 2004 Scortechini, B. [445h], Malaysia K000222932 syntype
Jan 1, 2004 Scortechini, B. [s.n.], Malaysia K000222931 syntype
Jan 1, 2004 Maingay, A.C. [1758], Malaysia K000222900 syntype
Jan 1, 2004 Boden Kloss, C. [s.n.], Malaysia K000222934
Jan 1, 2004 Chelliah, S. [6510], Malaysia K000222985
Jan 1, 2004 Chew, Wee-lek [904], Malaysia K000222899
Jan 1, 2004 Medon [45407], Malaysia K000222981
Jan 1, 2004 Kochummen, K.M. [29168], Malaysia K000222982
Jan 1, 2004 Hardial [400], Malaysia K000222983
Jan 1, 2004 Teo [423], Malaysia K000222979
Jan 1, 2004 Mohd. Shad [1398], Malaysia K000222980
Jan 1, 2004 Zainuddin Sohadi [14684], Malaysia K000222986
Jan 1, 2004 Loh, H.S. [17378], Malaysia K000222987
Jan 1, 2004 Cockburn, P.F. [7073], Malaysia K000222988
Jan 1, 2004 Boden Kloss, C. [s.n.], Malaysia K000223011
Jan 1, 2004 Ridley [s.n.], Malaysia K000270725
Jan 1, 2004 Ridley, H.N. [8546], Malaysia K000223008
Jan 1, 2004 Dr. King's Collector [1841], Malaysia K000223010
Jan 1, 2004 Rostados, E. [11982], Malaysia K000222898 syntype
Jan 1, 2004 Castle-Smith, P.M. [38], Malaysia K000223012
Jan 1, 2004 kochumenn, K.M. [97751], Malaysia K000223013
Jan 1, 2004 kochumenn, K.M. [97751], Malaysia K000223014
Jan 1, 2004 Ridley, H.N. [s.n.], Malaysia K000222993
Jan 1, 2004 Robinson, H.C. [s.n.], Malaysia K000222994
Jan 1, 2004 Kochummen, K.M. [26577], Malaysia K000270636
Jan 1, 2004 Cockburn, P.F. [7459], Malaysia K000222996
Jan 1, 2004 Suppiah [14849], Malaysia K000223004
Jan 1, 2004 Whitmore, T.C. [335], Malaysia K000223003
Jan 1, 2004 Whitmore, T.C. [20292], Malaysia K000223002
Jan 1, 2004 Chan, Y.C. [25134], Malaysia K000223001
Jan 1, 2004 Whitmore, T.C. [15294], Malaysia K000223000
Jan 1, 2004 Suppiah, T. [17723], Malaysia K000222999
Jan 1, 2004 Cockburn, P.F. [7445], Malaysia K000222997
Jan 1, 2004 Chan, Y.C. [19977], Malaysia K000223006
Jan 1, 2004 Whitmore, T.C. [902], Malaysia K000223005
Jan 1, 2004 Wong Khoon Meng [32490], Malaysia K000223007
Jan 1, 2004 Larsen, K. [32931], Thailand K000270637
Jan 1, 2004 Geesink, R. et al. [7390], Thailand K000223292
Jan 1, 2004 Posthumus [702], Indonesia K000222540
Jan 1, 2004 Brooks [7168], Indonesia K000270912
Jan 1, 2004 Brooks [7604], Indonesia K000270911
Jan 1, 2004 Burley, J.S. et al. [1155], Indonesia K000270910
Jan 1, 2004 de Vogel, E.F. [1304], Indonesia K000270908
Jan 1, 2004 Bartlett, H.H. [6919], Indonesia K000270916
Jan 1, 2004 Wiriadinata, H. [659], Indonesia K000270914
Jan 1, 2004 Kloss, C.B. [s.n.], Malaysia K000665939
Jan 1, 2004 Shimizu, T. [M13342], Malaysia K000665941
Jan 1, 2004 Robinson, H.C. [s.n.], Malaysia K000222995
Jan 1, 2004 Teo [803], Malaysia K000222933
Jan 1, 2004 Ding Hou [761], Malaysia K000222984
Jan 1, 2004 Whitmore, T.C. [0930], Malaysia K000665944
Jan 1, 2004 de Wilde [19581], Indonesia K000222541
Jan 1, 2004 Endert, F. [813], Indonesia K000222542
Jan 1, 2004 Kochummen, K.M. [19060], Malaysia K000665943
Jan 1, 2004 Anonymous [15650], Malaysia K000665940
Jan 1, 2004 Wiriadinata [539], Indonesia K000270915
Jan 1, 2004 Kochummern, K.M. [26588], Malaysia K000665942
Jan 1, 2004 Yates, H.S. [1183], Indonesia K000270913
Jan 1, 2004 Ridley, H.N. [10218], Malaysia K000223009
Jan 1, 2004 Dr. Kings Collector [10605], Malaysia K000270639 syntype
Jan 1, 2004 Kochummen, K.M. [16422], Malaysia K000222998
Jan 1, 1991 Chin, S.C. [3378], Malaysia K000665938
Phoon, S.N. [53434], Malaysia K000665937

First published in Not. Pl. Asiat. 4: 178 (1854)

Accepted by

  • Bramley, G.L.C. (2019). Flora Malesiana 23: 1-444. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
  • de Kok, R. (2008). The genus Vitex (Labiatae) in the Flora Malesiana region, excluding New Guinea Kew Bulletin 63: 17-40.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • de Kok, R. (2008). The genus Vitex (Labiatae) in the Flora Malesiana region, excluding New Guinea Kew Bulletin 63: 17-40.

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Bulletin
Kew Bulletin
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/