Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tanzania to Mozambique.

[FTEA]

Verbenaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1992

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree 4–6(–18 fide Gillman 1136) m. tall; young shoots densely pubescent with pale ferruginous hairs; old stems pale fawn, glabrous, roughened with nodular petiole-bases.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 5-foliolate; leaflets oblong-elliptic, 1.5–9.5 cm. long, (0.7–)3–3.8 cm. wide, acuminate, the tip acute or obtuse, rounded to cuneate at the base, entire, glabrous above, pubescent along midrib beneath and in axils of nerves or sparsely to fairly densely pubescent all over the lower surface; petiole (1.3–)2.5–5.5 cm. long; petiolules up to 2 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers fragrant, few in very slender dichasia 2–6 cm. long; peduncle 2–12 cm. long; true pedicels very short save that of central flower up to 2 mm. but other flowers when branches reduced to 1 flower appear to have stalks up to 9 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx conic, 2 mm. long, truncate or denticulate, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla pale blue or white with blue lower lip; tube 4 mm. long; limb ± 4 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit globose, 6–7 mm. diameter, glabrous; calycine plate flat, 6 mm. diameter, glabrescent or puberulous.
Habitat
Coastal scrub and thicket; 400–800 m.
Distribution
T8

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol 8, Pt 7. Avicenniaceae, R. Fernandes. Nesogenaceae, M.A. Diniz. Verbenaceae, R. Fernandes. Lamiaceae, R. Fernandes. 2005.

Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary obovoid, not gland-dotted, with some hairs at apex; truncate at the apex; style c. 3.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupe c. 1 × 0.5 cm, obovoid, rounded at apex, purplish-black at maturity, up to ± half enclosed in the enlarged calyx; fruiting calyx cup-shaped, pubescent, not gland-dotted. Drupe c. 1 × 0.5 cm, obovoid, rounded at apex, purplish-black at maturity, up to ± half enclosed in the enlarged calyx; fruiting calyx cup-shaped, pubescent, not gland-dotted.
Ecology
Coastal scrub and thickets; c. 10–500 m.
Note
The few specimens seen from the Flora Zambesiaca area are without flowers and fruit; and the features and measurements given above are from Tanzanian material.  Although there are some distinct similarities between V. mossambicensis and V. petersiana , the slender habit, long petiolules, leaflet size and consistency and the lax cymose inflorescence, they can usually be separated by the 3–5 leaflets in V. mossambicensis and 3 in V. petersiana.
Distribution
Mozambique District code: MOZ N. Also in Tanzania.
Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree up to c. 10 m tall; bark fissured, greyish-cream in colour; older stems grey-cream glabrous; young stems with scattered orange-tawny hairs, shortly tomentose only on buds. Shrub or small tree up to c. 10 m tall; bark fissured, greyish-cream in colour; older stems grey-cream glabrous; young stems with scattered orange-tawny hairs, shortly tomentose only on buds
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3–5-foliolate; petioles 3–9 cm long, terete; median petiolules 0.3–1 cm long; leaflets 4–7 × 2–3.5 cm, median leaflet largest, obovate, curved downwards, acuminate at the apex, the tip acute or obtuse, rounded or cuneate at the base, entire or deeply toothed in the apical half, glabrous above, ± densely pubescent and sparsely gland-dotted beneath or pubescent only on the midrib and in the axils of nerves on the lower surface, nerves ± raised on both surfaces. Leaves 3–5-foliolate; petioles 3–9 cm long, terete; median petiolules 0.3–1 cm long; leaflets 4–7 × 2–3.5 cm, median leaflet largest, obovate, curved downwards, acuminate at the apex, the tip acute or obtuse, rounded or cuneate at the base, entire or deeply toothed in the apical half, glabrous above, ± densely pubescent and sparsely gland-dotted beneath or pubescent only on the midrib and in the axils of nerves on the lower surface, nerves ± raised on both surfaces
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence axillary, of slender simple few-flowered dichasia, 6–15 cm long, glabrous; bracteoles 1–5 mm long, linear. Inflorescence axillary, of slender simple few-flowered dichasia, 6–15 cm long, glabrous; bracteoles 1–5 mm long, linear
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers fragrant. Flowers fragrant
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx obconical, 5-toothed or truncate, with scattered hairs, not gland-dotted, accrescent in fruit; tube 2–2.5 mm long. Calyx obconical, 5-toothed or truncate, with scattered hairs, not gland-dotted, accrescent in fruit; tube 2–2.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 12–13 mm long, not gland-dotted, pubescent; tube white, 3–5 mm long, straight; lobes mauve, spreading, middle lower lobe largest, 6–9 × 6–10 mm, blue. Corolla 12–13 mm long, not gland-dotted, pubescent; tube white, 3–5 mm long, straight; lobes mauve, spreading, middle lower lobe largest, 6–9 × 6–10 mm, blue
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens clearly exserted from tube; filaments with glandular hairs. Stamens clearly exserted from tube; filaments with glandular hairs
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary obovoid, not gland-dotted, with some hairs at apex; truncate at the apex; style c. 3.5 mm long.

Native to:

Mozambique, Tanzania

Vitex mossambicensis Gürke appears in other Kew resources:

First published in H.G.A.Engler, Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 340 (1895)

Accepted by

  • Fernandes, R. & Diniz, M.A. (2005). Avicenniaceae, Nesogenaceae, Verbenaceae and Lamiaceae (subfams, Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7): 1-161. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62 , Beibl. 141: 57 (1928).
  • Brenan, Check-list For. Trees Shrubs Tang. Terr.: 643 (1949).
  • F.T.A. 5 : 329 (1900).
  • F.T.E.A., Verbenaceae: 57 (1992).
  • Kew Bull. 56 : 198 (2001).
  • Phytologia 5 : 485 (1957).
  • Sim, For. Fl. Port. E. Africa: 94 (1909).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 5: 329 (1900).
  • Gürke in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 340 (1895).
  • Pieper in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 62, Beibl. 141: 57 (1928).
  • Vollesen in Opera Bot. 59: 83 (1980).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0