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This species is accepted, and its native range is Mozambique to S. Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol 8, Pt 7. Avicenniaceae, R. Fernandes. Nesogenaceae, M.A. Diniz. Verbenaceae, R. Fernandes. Lamiaceae, R. Fernandes. 2005.

Type
Type from South Africa.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx campanulate, 5-lobed, not gland-dotted, tomentellous becoming puberulous or glabrescent outside, accrescent in fruit; tube 2.5–3.5 mm long; lobes 1–2 mm long, tomentellous outside and sparsely puberulous inside, spreading Calyx campanulate, 5-lobed, not gland-dotted, tomentellous becoming puberulous or glabrescent outside, accrescent in fruit; tube 2.5–3.5 mm long; lobes 1–2 mm long, tomentellous outside and sparsely puberulous inside, spreading.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 10–20 mm long, ± puberulous outside, gland-dotted; tube white, c.1.8 mm, funnel-shaped; lobes white or pale mauve, at obtuse angle to tube, middle lower lobe 6–9 mm long Corolla 10–20 mm long, ± puberulous outside, gland-dotted; tube white, c.1.8 mm, funnel-shaped; lobes white or pale mauve, at obtuse angle to tube, middle lower lobe 6–9 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens clearly exserted from corolla tube; filaments with glandular hairs Stamens clearly exserted from corolla tube; filaments with glandular hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary obovoid, rounded at the apex, gland-dotted, puberulous except near the base; style c. 7–10 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit an obovoid nut, c. 3 × 4 cm, truncate at the apex and sharply tipped with remains of the style, almost fully enclosed in the enlarged calyx, brownish to black at maturity; fruiting calyx bell-shaped, pubescent, not gland-dotted. Fruit an obovoid nut, c. 3 × 4 cm, truncate at the apex and sharply tipped with remains of the style, almost fully enclosed in the enlarged calyx, brownish to black at maturity; fruiting calyx bell-shaped, pubescent, not gland-dotted.
Ecology
Wooded grassland often on dry stony hillsides, seasonal water courses and riverine bush with Adina microcephala and mixed deciduous woodland; 200–600 m.
Morphology General
Characteristic features are the dark green leaves and the prominent chartaceous fruiting calyx enclosing the fruit.
Distribution
Mozambique District code: MOZ M. Also in South Africa (Limpopo, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal and Eastern Cape Provinces), Transkei and Swaziland.
Morphology General Habit
Tree (2.5)3–7(9) m tall; bark fissured, light to dark grey; young branches and new growth densely puberulous to shortly pale yellow-tomentose. Tree (2.5)3–7(9) m tall; bark fissured, light to dark grey; young branches and new growth densely puberulous to shortly pale yellow-tomentose
Morphology Leaves
Leaves (4)5-foliolate, petiole 3–5 cm long, grooved at the base; median petiolules 0.3–1 mm long; leaflets 6–10 × 2.5–4 cm, elliptic, narrowly ovate to narrowly obovate, rounded and shortly acuminate to acute at the apex, cuneate at the base, entire, drying dark green and somewhat darker above, sparsely pubescent or glabrous and gland-dotted above, pubescent and gland-dotted beneath, nerves raised beneath. Leaves (4)5-foliolate, petiole 3–5 cm long, grooved at the base; median petiolules 0.3–1 mm long; leaflets 6–10 × 2.5–4 cm, elliptic, narrowly ovate to narrowly obovate, rounded and shortly acuminate to acute at the apex, cuneate at the base, entire, drying dark green and somewhat darker above, sparsely pubescent or glabrous and gland-dotted above, pubescent and gland-dotted beneath, nerves raised beneath
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary of ± sturdy compound dichasia, 6–15 cm long, white-tomentose; bracteoles 0.5–0.8 cm long, linear-spathulate. Inflorescences axillary of ± sturdy compound dichasia, 6–15 cm long, white-tomentose; bracteoles 0.5–0.8 cm long, linear-spathulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary obovoid, rounded at the apex, gland-dotted, puberulous except near the base; style c. 7–10 mm long.

Native to:

Cape Provinces, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland

Vitex obovata E.Mey. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2008 Koning, J. et al. [9433], Mozambique K000509846
Oct 1, 1999 Wilms, F. [159], South Africa K000249034 Unknown type material
unknown [s.n.], South Africa K000192826
Flanaghan [1515] Vitex wilmsii K000249028
Drege [s.n.], South Africa Vitex wilmsii K000249027 Unknown type material
Flanagan [578] Vitex wilmsii K000249029

First published in Comm. Pl. Afr. Austr.: 273 (1838)

Accepted by

  • Fernandes, R. & Diniz, M.A. (2005). Avicenniaceae, Nesogenaceae, Verbenaceae and Lamiaceae (subfams, Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7): 1-161. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62 , Beibl. 141: 74 (1928).
  • Bothalia 26 , 2: 147, fig. 7, 148 (1996).
  • F.C. 5 , 1: 214 (1901).
  • F.C. 5 , 1: 216 (1901).
  • K. Coates Palgrave, Trees South. Africa: 810 (1977).
  • K. Coates Palgrave, Trees South. Africa: 812 (1977).
  • Kew Bull. 56 : 202 (2001).
  • M. Coates Palgrave, ed. 3 of K. Coates Palgrave, Trees South. Africa: 984 (2002).
  • Phytologia 6 : 22 (1957).
  • Ross, Fl. Natal: 300 (1972).
  • S. African J. Bot. 59 : 618 (1993)
  • S. African J. Bot. 59 : 618 (1993).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0