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This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & E. Malesia to Caroline Islands (Palau).
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 1480 - 1500 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Árbol

[KBu]

de Kok, R. (2008). The genus Vitex (Labiatae) in the Flora Malesiana region, excluding New Guinea. Kew Bulletin 63: 17. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-007-9013-7

Conservation
The exploration of this highly prized timber has led to the reduction of the Vitex parviflora forest in at least the Philippines. The IUCN red list category VU Alc,d was proposed (Oldfield et al. 1998).
Distribution
Philippines and Indonesia (Moluccas and Lesser Sunda Islands) and East Timor. Introduced as a timber tree on several pacific islands and in Central America
Ecology
Growing in secondary or mixed primary forest, often along streams. Reported to be one of the dominant trees in the Philippine monsoon forest (Oldfield et al. 1998). Soil: clay loam or volcanic soils, over limestone or serpentine substrates, at 30 – 400 (– 650) m altitude. Flowering from April to December; fruiting all year round.
Morphology General Bark
Bark greyish-white to darkish grey or dark brown, smooth to slightly fissured; sapwood light coloured; heartwood light straw colour, very heavy and hard
Morphology General Habit
Tree 4 – 15 (– 30) m high; 7 – 50 (– 200) cm DBH
Morphology Leaves
Leaves (1 –) 3 – 5 foliolate; central leaflet elliptic to lanceolate, 10 – 17 × 3.5 – 6.5 cm, ratio 2.6 – 3; side leaflets 8.5 – 13 × 2.5 – 5 cm, ratio 2.6 – 3.8; apex acuminate, base cuneate, sometimes oblique, margin sometimes serrate in immature plants, glabrous with few appressed hairs on veins, dull green, lower surface covered with orange glands, 10 – 13 secondary veins
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petiole 5 – 7.8 cm long, round in cross-section, covered with minute curly hairs; petiolules 1 – 12 mm long, channelled
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments 4.5 – 6 mm long, inserted at halfway on the corolla tube, only slightly too greatly exceeding the corolla tube; anther c. 0.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 0 – 5 lobed, lobes up to 0.5 mm long, sparsely hairy (always clearly less hairy than inflorescence); glands, few, orange to yellow; flowering calyx 1.5 – 2 mm diameter, erect; fruiting calyx 3.5 – 4 mm diameter, patent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 5-lobed, pale violet or blue to white or yellow, glabrous to covered outside with appressed hairs; glands many, orange; lip spathulate, 3 – 4 × 3 – 4 mm, apex rounded to truncate, margin crenulate, patent, violet to blue; side lobes 2 – 3 × 1.5 – 2 mm, apex rounded to acute, patent; back lobes 1.5 – 2 × 1 – 2 mm, fused for 10%, apex oblique, erect; tube 4 – 6 mm long, infundibular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary globose, 1 – 1.2 × 1 – 1.2 mm, glabrous; style 7.5 – 8 mm long, straight; stigma lobes 0.2 – 0.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit, fresh purple to black, glossy; dried 5 – 8 × 6 – 7 mm, globose to clavoid, glabrous, smooth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence paniculate, axis 10 – 20 cm long, angular in cross-section; hairs glabrous to densely hairy, appressed to erect; bracteoles triangular to lanceolate, up to 5 mm long, sparsely hairy, not persistent
Note
Merrill (1923) stated that Vitex quinata was morphologically scarcely separate from V. parviflora, and indeed the differences between theses two species and the close relative V. cofassus are very minor. V. cofassus always has one leaflet per leaf, calyces that are clearly less hairy than the inflorescence and an emarginate corolla lip. These differences clearly set it apart from both V. parviflora and the more widespread species V. quinata. The differences between V. parviflora and V. quinata are more complicated. V. parviflora always has calyces that are clearly less hairy than the inflorescence, but this character can sometimes be difficult to interpret when dealing with specimens with an old inflorescence (which may have lost hairs), very young ones (young calyx can be velutinous in all species), or the occasional V. parviflora individual with a velutinous inflorescence and immature velutinous calyxes. The type of V. parviflora var. puberulenta Moldenke is an example of the last case. However, usually specimens can easily be identified when it is in full flower.
Type
Insulis Philippinis (holotype P-JU, picture seen).
Vernacular
Indonesia: Moluccas: Buru: Gofasa (van Balgooy 5088); Tenimbar Island: Basa (Buwalda 4030). Philippines: Tagalog language: Molave (Seeber et al. 1979); Lipapa (Frake 445).

[KBu]
Use
In some parts of the Philippines, the bark is scraped and drunk as a cure for indigestion (Frake 445).

Native to:

Caroline Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Maluku, Philippines, Sulawesi

Introduced into:

Colombia, Marianas, Panamá, Puerto Rico

Vitex parviflora A.Juss. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2009 Madulid [23726], Philippines K000705878
Jan 1, 2009 Fuentes [38792], Philippines K000705879
Jan 1, 2007 Mangubat, L. [1361], Philippines K000706610 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 2007 McGregor, R.C. [1218], Philippines K000706611 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 2006 Gaerlan, Fernando, Majaducon [19998], Philippines K000705880
Jan 1, 2004 s.coll. [s.n.], Timor-Leste K000270084
Jan 1, 2004 Ridsdale, C.E. [1868], Philippines K000222793
Jan 1, 2004 Reynoso [21010], Philippines K000270883
Jan 1, 2004 Gaerlan [26293], Philippines K000270884
Jan 1, 2004 Garcia [18432], Philippines K000270885
Jan 1, 2004 Zippelius, A. [s.n.], Indonesia K000270076
Jan 1, 2004 Tdm? [8941], Indonesia K000270070
Jan 1, 2004 Kooy, C.W. [956], Indonesia K000223190
Jan 1, 2003 unknown K000184548
Jan 1, 2003 Vidal, S. [3493], Philippines K000182593
Jan 1, 2003 Vidal, S. [3447], Philippines K000182594
Jan 1, 2003 Vidal, S. [3449], Philippines K000182595
Jan 1, 2003 Whitford, H.N. [886], Philippines K000182598
Jan 1, 2003 Ahern's collector [2158], Philippines K000182601
Jan 1, 2003 Vidal, S. [488], Philippines K000182580
Jan 1, 2003 Loher, A. [4428], Philippines K000182583
Jan 1, 2003 Loher, A. [4429], Philippines K000182584
Jan 1, 2003 Cuming, H. [s.n.], Philippines K000182588
Jan 1, 2003 Ponce, S.S. [22832], Philippines K000182608
Jan 1, 2003 Elmer, A.D.E. [17286], Philippines K000182610
Jan 1, 2003 Elmer, A.D.E. [18089], Philippines K000182611
Jan 1, 2003 Merrill, E.D. [340], Philippines K000182905
Jan 1, 2003 Barbon [6040], Philippines K000182907
Jan 1, 2003 Elmer, A.D.E. [10995], Philippines K000182910
Jan 1, 2003 Elmer, A.D.E. [14218], Philippines K000182915
Jan 1, 2003 Loher, A. [4427], Philippines K000182918
Jan 1, 2003 Stone, B.C. [6322], Philippines K000182926
Jan 1, 2003 Anonymous [s.n.], Indonesia K000698692
Jan 1, 2003 Vidal, S. [489], Philippines K000182591
Jan 1, 2003 Cuming, H. [1144], Philippines K000182582
Jan 1, 2003 Elmer, A.D.E. [11031], Philippines K000182911
Jan 1, 2003 Miranda, D.P. [18760], Philippines K000182909
Jan 1, 2003 Loher, A. [4430], Philippines K000182919
Jan 1, 2003 Madulid [18531], Philippines K000182596
Jan 1, 2003 Edaño, G. [26811], Philippines K000182609
Jan 1, 2003 Wenzel, C.A. [2759], Philippines K000182913
Jan 1, 2003 Franco, F. [22845], Philippines K000182917
Jan 1, 2003 Adduru, M. [90], Philippines K000182914
Jan 1, 2003 Loher, A. [7289], Philippines K000182920
Jan 1, 2003 Loher, A. [6591], Philippines K000182903
Jan 1, 2003 Cuming, H. [1144], Philippines K000182586
Jan 1, 2003 Loher, A. [4431], Philippines K000182906
Jan 1, 2003 Otanes, F. [17984], Philippines K000182916
Jan 1, 2003 Borden, T.E. [2022], Philippines K000182589
Jan 1, 2003 Mendoza, D.R. [42425], Philippines K000182924
Jan 1, 2003 Romero, E.M. [29023], Philippines K000270882
Jan 1, 2003 Cuming, H. [1365], Philippines K000182587
Jan 1, 2003 Merrill, E.D. [2448], Philippines K000182603
Jan 1, 2003 Gammill, J.A. [95], Philippines K000182600
Jan 1, 2003 Elmer, A.D.E. [13440], Philippines K000182921
Jan 1, 2003 Cenabre, M. [31357], Philippines K000182923
Jan 1, 2003 Loher, A. [4427], Philippines K000182902
Jan 1, 2003 Reillo, J. [16463], Philippines K000182922
Jan 1, 2003 Ridsdale, C.E. [1507], Philippines K000182925
Jan 1, 2003 Gaerlan, F.J.M. [9984], Philippines K000182597
Jan 1, 2003 Reynoso [7517], Philippines K000182908
Jan 1, 2003 Cuming, H. [1830], Philippines K000182604
Jan 1, 2003 Vidal, S. [849], Philippines K000182581
Jan 1, 2003 Merrill, E.D. [2084], Philippines K000182606
Jan 1, 2003 Ahern, G.P. [389], Philippines K000182602
Jan 1, 2003 Clark, W.W. [2526], Philippines K000182599
Jan 1, 2003 Cuming, H. [1365], Philippines K000182585
Jan 1, 2003 Robinson, B. [11804], Philippines K000182612
Jan 1, 2003 Garcia, H.G. [15105], Philippines K000182912
Jan 1, 2003 Merrill, E.D. [2196], Philippines K000182605
Jan 1, 2003 Loher, A. [6592], Philippines K000182904
Jan 1, 2003 Vidal, S. [3444], Philippines K000182590
Jan 1, 2003 Vidal, S. [3451], Philippines K000182592
Jan 1, 2003 Merrill, E.D. [2327], Philippines K000182607
Dec 1, 1956 Pleyte, D.R. [14], Indonesia K000699642
Mantor, A. [139339], Malaysia K000698691
Reynoso [17137], Philippines K000705886
Madulid, D.A. [7700], Philippines K000705884
Reynoso [11728], Philippines K000705882
Reynoso [14208], Philippines K000705883
Madulid, D.A. [11534], Philippines K000705885

First published in Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. 7: 76 (1806)

Accepted by

  • Bramley, G.L.C. (2019). Flora Malesiana 23: 1-444. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2012). Flora Mesoamericana 4(2): 1-533. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • de Kok, R. (2008). The genus Vitex (Labiatae) in the Flora Malesiana region, excluding New Guinea Kew Bulletin 63: 17-40.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2012). Flora Mesoamericana 4(2): 1-533. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • GBIF (2008- continuously updated). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.
  • de Kok, R. (2008). The genus Vitex (Labiatae) in the Flora Malesiana region, excluding New Guinea Kew Bulletin 63: 17-40.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Bulletin
Kew Bulletin
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0