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This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol 8, Pt 7. Avicenniaceae, R. Fernandes. Nesogenaceae, M.A. Diniz. Verbenaceae, R. Fernandes. Lamiaceae, R. Fernandes. 2005.

Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx obconical, 5-toothed, pubescent, gland-dotted, accrescent in fruit; tube c. 2 mm long; teeth 0.3–0.5 mm long, erect Calyx obconical, 5-toothed, pubescent, gland-dotted, accrescent in fruit; tube c. 2 mm long; teeth 0.3–0.5 mm long, erect.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla c. 14 mm long, gland-dotted, pubescent, with glandular hairs, flowers sweet-scented; tube white, 5–6.5 mm long, straight; lobes mauve to violet, spreading to reflexed, middle lower lobe largest, 7–8 × 5 mm Corolla c. 14 mm long, gland-dotted, pubescent, with glandular hairs, flowers sweet-scented; tube white, 5–6.5 mm long, straight; lobes mauve to violet, spreading to reflexed, middle lower lobe largest, 7–8 × 5 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens clearly exserted from tube; filaments with scattered glandular hairs Stamens clearly exserted from tube; filaments with scattered glandular hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary globose, with a few apical gland-dots, glabrous, rounded at apex; style c. 6.5–9 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupe c. 1.2 × 0.8–1 cm, obovoid, rounded at apex, scarcely enclosed in the enlarged calyx, purple-black at maturity; fruiting calyx saucer-shaped, delicate, pubescent, not gland-dotted. Drupe c. 1.2 × 0.8–1 cm, obovoid, rounded at apex, scarcely enclosed in the enlarged calyx, purple-black at maturity; fruiting calyx saucer-shaped, delicate, pubescent, not gland-dotted.
Ecology
Hot, low-rainfall areas of the main river valleys, often in mopane woodland and scrub, and in mixed deciduous woodlands with Terminalia, Julbernardia , Combretum and Pterocarpus spp. , also on termite mounds; 200–900 m.
Note
This is a distinctive species with delicate branches, peduncles and pedicels.  The 3 leaflets are often irregularly serrate and covered with a whitish bloom.  The flowers are large and few and borne on long pedicels in lax inflorescences; the stamens are clearly exserted.  For its affinities, see V. mossambicensis .
Distribution
Mozambique Zimbabwe District code: MOZ N, MOZ E, MOZ S, ZIM N, ZIM W, ZIM E, MOZ T, MOZ MS. Zambia Known only from the Flora Zambesiaca area.
Morphology General Habit
Spreading shrub, often much branched from ground level, 1–8 m tall; bark smooth or fissured, flaking, dark or light grey-brown; older stems grey-brown pubescent and young stems orange-tawny tomentellous, shortly tomentose on buds. Spreading shrub, often much branched from ground level, 1–8 m tall; bark smooth or fissured, flaking, dark or light grey-brown; older stems grey-brown pubescent and young stems orange-tawny tomentellous, shortly tomentose on buds
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3-foliolate; petioles 0.5–4 cm long, terete; median petiolules longest, 0.1–1 cm long, lateral petiolules short or absent; leaflets 1.3–5 × 1–3 cm, median leaflet largest, ovate-lanceolate to broad elliptic, rounded to acute at apex, rounded at the base, subentire to irregularly deeply serrate toward the apex,somewhat membranous, glabrous or with a few hairs mainly on the midrib on upper surface, puberulous especially on the midrib and paler beneath, nerves sunken above and ± raised beneath, reticulation delicate. Leaves 3-foliolate; petioles 0.5–4 cm long, terete; median petiolules longest, 0.1–1 cm long, lateral petiolules short or absent;  leaflets 1.3–5 × 1–3 cm, median leaflet largest, ovate-lanceolate to broad elliptic, rounded to acute at apex, rounded at the base, subentire to irregularly deeply serrate toward the apex, somewhat membranous, glabrous or with a few hairs mainly on the midrib on upper surface, puberulous especially on the midrib and paler beneath, nerves sunken above and ± raised beneath, reticulation delicate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary, of ± slender simple 1–7-flowered dichasia 3–5 cm long, with orange-tawny hairs; bracteoles linear, up to 1.5 mm long; pedicels to 10 mm long. Inflorescences axillary, of ± slender simple 1–7-flowered dichasia 3–5 cm long, with orange-tawny hairs; bracteoles linear, up to 1.5 mm long; pedicels to 10 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary globose, with a few apical gland-dots, glabrous, rounded at apex; style c. 6.5–9 mm long.

Native to:

Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Vitex petersiana Klotzsch appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Oct 1, 1999 Kirk, J. [s.n.], Mozambique K000249044 Unknown type material
Oct 1, 1999 Kirk, J. [s.n.], Mozambique K000249045 Unknown type material

First published in W.C.H.Peters, Naturw. Reise Mossambique 6(1): 264 (1861)

Accepted by

  • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
  • Fernandes, R. & Diniz, M.A. (2005). Avicenniaceae, Nesogenaceae, Verbenaceae and Lamiaceae (subfams, Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7): 1-161. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62 , Beibl. 141: 57 (1928).
  • Engler, Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas C : 340 (1895).
  • Estud. Ensaios Doc. Junta Invest. Ci. Ultramar [in Mendonça, Contrib. Conhec. Fl. Moçamb. II]: 171 (1954).
  • F.T.A. 5 : 320 (1900).
  • Gomes e Sousa, Pl. Menyharth.: 32 (1936).
  • Kew Bull. 56 : 201 (2001).
  • Kirkia 10 : 272 (1975).
  • M. Coates Palgrave, ed. 3 of K. Coates Palgrave, Trees South. Africa: 985 (2002).
  • Phytologia 5 : 314 (1955).
  • Sim, For. Fl. Port. E. Africa: 94 (1909).
  • Trans. Roy. Soc. S. Africa 5 : 459 (1916).
  • White, For. Fl. N. Rhod.: 371 (1962).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0