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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Asia.
Vitex pinnata

[KBu]

de Kok, R. (2008). The genus Vitex (Labiatae) in the Flora Malesiana region, excluding New Guinea. Kew Bulletin 63: 17. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-007-9013-7

Conservation
Least concern.
Distribution
Indonesia (except New Guinea) north to India and Sri Lanka and Cambodia. In the Philippines this species is only known from the islands of Palawan, Culion and Tawi Tawi
Ecology
Growing in primary and secondary forests and savannahs (including deciduous, heath or coastal vegetations or (peat) swamps). Soil: (white) sand to clay over sandstone, limestone or basalt, at 0 – 300 (– 1700) m altitude. The species apparently tolerates regular fires (Bacon 205). Flowering from November to May (August); fruiting from November to August. The fruits are eaten by birds (Bernstein 47). Seeds do not germinate in the shade (Mohamad & Ng 1982)
Seedling
Seedling: leaves 3-foliolate, entire or sometimes serrate margin
Morphology General Bark
Bark white to greyish or light brown, smooth to flaky; slash brownish to pale yellow, becoming green on exposure; wood orange-yellow
Morphology General Habit
Tree 1 – 15 (– 25) m high, bole up to 5 m high; 10 – 45 (– 120) cm DBH, sometimes fluted
Morphology Leaves
Leaves (1 –) 3 (– 5)-foliolate; central leaflet elliptic to narrowly elliptic, (3.5 –) 8.2 – 24 × 3 – 9 cm, ratio 1 – 2.6; side leaflets 6 – 15 × 3.4 – 8.5 cm, ratio 1.7 – 2.1; apex (emarginated to) rounded to acuminate, base cuneate to oblique, hirsute, yellowish-green, 10 – 20 secondary veins, green-yellowish; glands many on lower surface, white or yellow
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petiole winged (Proefstation 2024, Ng 1992: 973 – 974). Petiole 0 – 10 cm long, channelled to round in cross-section, hirsute; petiolules 0 – 4 mm long, channelled
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments 8 – 11 mm long, inserted in the lower half of the corolla tube, pale green to white; anther c. 1 mm long, violet to black; pollen (pale) yellow
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 5-lobed, yellowish to brownish green; hairs appressed; glands few, orange; flowering calyx c. 4 mm diameter, erect; fruiting calyx 7 – 9 mm diameter, erect to patent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 5-lobed, (pale) violet to (lavender) white or greenish-yellow, fragrant; glands many, orange; lip 4 – 8 × 4 – 6.5 mm, apex round, margin entire, patent, deep red to blue or (pale) violet, white; side lobes 2.5 – 5 × 2.5 – 4 mm, apex rounded to acute, patent to reflexed, white, violet to pale blue; back lobes 2.5 – 3.5 × 2.5 – 3 mm, fused up to c. 50%, apex acute to oblique, erect, white, violet to pale blue; tube 5 – 6 mm long, infundibular, greenish-yellow to white or purplish
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary globose, 1.2 – 1.5 mm diameter, glabrous; style 11 – 16 mm long, straight, white; stigma lobes c. 1 mm long, pale green to white
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit, fresh 5 – 8 cm diameter, globose, smooth, glabrous, purple to black, shiny, juice purple; dried, 4.5 – 7.5 mm diameter, globose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence paniculate, axis 8 – 20 cm long, square to round in cross-section, hirsute, purple to greyish or brown; bracteoles unifoliar leaf-like and clavate, 7 – 15 × 6 – 7 mm, persistent
Note
The taxon Vitex pubescens β bicolor Kuntze is defined relative to V. pubescens α lilacina Kuntze as having a corolla with two colours rather than one (Kuntze 1891). Given that V. pubescens α lilacina Kuntze is a synonym of V. pinnata and that corolla colour is variable in this species, it is presumed that V. pubescens β bicolor Kuntze is also a synonym of V. pinnata, despite the absence of a type specimen.

[KBu]
Use
Malaysia: Tea made from the boiled bark is used during or after pregnancy (Haniff 13259); Sarawak: The bark is soaked in warm water in order to make a tea for the relief of stomach ache (Kandau Jenang S.58003 & S.58181; Yii Puan Ching S.64467) and juice from the leaves are used to treat eyes (Lee Meng Hoch S.55685).

Native to:

Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, East Himalaya, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam

Introduced into:

Madagascar

Vitex pinnata L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Aug 19, 2016 Eja [S.61684], Sarawak K000939128
Aug 19, 2016 Paie [S.51773], Sarawak K000939129
Aug 19, 2016 Seda [SAN152551], Sabah K000939130
Aug 19, 2016 Kungkai [161], Sabah K000939131
Aug 19, 2016 Leeuwenberg [13105], Borneo K000939134
Nov 27, 2015 Abg Mohtar et al. [S.53064] K000734915
Jan 1, 2012 Wongprasert [064-34], Thailand K000735708
Jan 1, 2011 Nguyen [HNK1069], Vietnam K000735138
Feb 17, 2010 Rantai [74582], Sarawak K000249137
Jan 1, 2010 Saw [FRI 48218], Malaysia K000249702
Jan 1, 2009 Pereira [523], Sabah K000248650
Jan 1, 2008 Syahida Emiza [FRI 51461], Malaysia K000509567
Jan 1, 2008 Tadong [24], Borneo K000248536
Jan 1, 2008 Sibil [91], Borneo K000248537
Jan 1, 2008 Sibil [246], Borneo K000248538
Jan 1, 2008 Lugas, L. [2146], Malaysia K000826674
Jan 1, 2008 Sambuling, S. [578], Malaysia K000826673
Jan 1, 2008 Lugas, L. [2059], Malaysia K000826679
Aug 1, 2007 Perumal [251], Sarawak K000479413
Jan 1, 2007 Docters van Leeuwen-Reynvaan, J. [5355], Indonesia K000699278 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 2007 Docters van Leeuwen-Reynvaan, J. [5355], Indonesia K000699279 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 2007 Kessler, P. [1706], Indonesia K000672892
Jan 1, 2005 Beccari, O. [549], Indonesia K000184530
Jan 1, 2005 Beccari, O. [762], Indonesia K000184531
Jan 1, 2005 Kessler, P. et al. [PK1110], Indonesia K000223192
Jan 1, 2005 Soejarto [10875], Laos K000223300
Jan 1, 2005 Arifin et al. [AA 1074], Indonesia K000223391
Jan 1, 2005 McDonald [4355], Indonesia K000223392
Jan 1, 2005 Arifin et al. [AA 1709], Indonesia K000223394
Jan 1, 2005 Arifin [AA 1032], Indonesia K000223395
Jan 1, 2005 Kessler et al. [PK 1246], Indonesia K000223396
Jan 1, 2005 Kessler et al. [PK 1065], Indonesia K000223397
Jan 1, 2005 Mahyar, U.W. [907], Indonesia K000223399
Jan 1, 2005 Hansen, C. [140], Malaysia K000223401
Jan 1, 2005 Hansen, C. [140], Malaysia K000223400
Jan 1, 2005 Beaman, J.H. [9411], Malaysia K000223402
Jan 1, 2005 Kostermans, A. [13543], Indonesia K000672971
Jan 1, 2005 Ridsdale, C.E. [1772], Philippines K000705834
Jan 1, 2005 Budding [227 [bb 27010]], Indonesia K000223710 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 2005 Argent [9439], Indonesia K000223398
Jan 1, 2005 Bl [s.n.], Indonesia K000826539
Jan 1, 2005 Junghuhn, F.W. [s.n.], Indonesia K000826538
Jan 1, 2005 Church et al. [1743], Indonesia K000223393
Jan 1, 2005 Ridsdale, C.E. [304], Philippines K000705835
Jan 1, 2005 Endert, F.H. [1459], Indonesia K000672970
Jan 1, 2005 Kostermans, A. [21243], Indonesia K000826547
Jan 1, 2004 Kessler, P. et al. [PK1786], Indonesia K000270887
Jan 1, 2004 Arifin Zainal [AA1451], Indonesia K000223193
Jan 1, 2004 Ng, F.S.P. [5147], Malaysia K000270146
Jan 1, 2004 Ng, F.S.P. [1214], Malaysia K000270083
Jan 1, 2004 Dr. King's Collector [267], Malaysia K000184589
Jan 1, 2004 Cockburn, P.F. [10654], Malaysia K000184590
Jan 1, 2004 Carrick, J. [1405], Malaysia K000184591
Jan 1, 2004 Buwalda, P. [6796], Indonesia K000270940
Jan 1, 2004 Banyeng et al. [57318], Malaysia K000270947
Jan 1, 2004 Amin [121184], Malaysia K000182718
Jan 1, 2004 Amin [129212], Malaysia K000182717
Jan 1, 2004 Joseph, B. et al. [122460], Malaysia K000182716
Jan 1, 2004 Enggoh [10168], Malaysia K000182721
Jan 1, 2004 Puasa [10112], Malaysia K000182720
Jan 1, 2004 Kadir [7796], Malaysia K000182722
Jan 1, 2004 Arsat [3281], Malaysia K000182723
Jan 1, 2004 Enggoh [7286], Malaysia K000182727
Jan 1, 2004 Suleiman [2198], Malaysia K000182726
Jan 1, 2004 Puasa-Angian [3852], Malaysia K000182728
Jan 1, 2004 Kuswata [303], Indonesia K000826548
Jan 1, 2004 Kuswata [117], Indonesia K000826549
Jan 1, 2004 Balajadia [2842], Malaysia K000182724
Jan 1, 2004 Ping Sam, P. [A 2953], Malaysia K000182719
Jan 1, 2004 Podzorski, A.C. [2159], Philippines K000705833
Jan 1, 2004 Arsat [3281], Malaysia K000182725
Feb 27, 2003 Ambriansyah [3077], Indonesia K000826545
Jan 1, 2003 Creach, C.M.G. [s.n.], Malaysia K000182745
Jan 1, 2003 Anta (exp. Kostermans) [442], Indonesia K000184524
Jan 1, 2003 Burley, J.S. [2121], Indonesia K000182675
Jan 1, 2003 Anta (exp. Kostermans) [379], Indonesia K000184525
Jan 1, 2003 Ng, F.S.P. [5147], Malaysia K000184593
Jan 1, 2003 unknown [s.n.], Cambodia K000184575
Jan 1, 2003 Promdej, C. et al. [230], Thailand K000184573
Jan 1, 2003 van Beusekom, C.F. [651], Thailand K000184574
Jan 1, 2003 Middleton, D.J. [228], Thailand K000184568
Jan 1, 2003 Nasrah [140708], Malaysia K000182781
Jan 1, 2003 Cuadra, A. [A 1160], Malaysia K000182780
Jan 1, 2003 Cuadra, A. [A 1405], Malaysia K000182779
Jan 1, 2003 Apostol [5957], Malaysia K000182777
Jan 1, 2003 Harvey [A 103], Malaysia K000182783
Jan 1, 2003 Tandom [4255], Malaysia K000182849
Jan 1, 2003 Tandom [4252], Malaysia K000182850
Jan 1, 2003 Goklin, T. [1569], Malaysia K000182852
Jan 1, 2003 Lumau [2262], Malaysia K000182754
Jan 1, 2003 Clemens, J. [29842], Malaysia K000182751
Jan 1, 2003 Arsat [1269], Malaysia K000182750
Jan 1, 2003 Gibbs, L.S. [3012], Malaysia K000182749
Jan 1, 2003 Agama [9905], Malaysia K000182755
Jan 1, 2003 Creach, C.M.G. [s.n.], Malaysia K000182747
Jan 1, 2003 Creach, C.M.G. [s.n.], Malaysia K000182746
Jan 1, 2003 Fraser, M. [112], Malaysia K000182744
Jan 1, 2003 Creach, C.M.G. [s.n.], Malaysia K000182743
Jan 1, 2003 James ah Wing [A 283], Malaysia K000182748
Jan 1, 2003 Anta [340], Indonesia K000182737
Jan 1, 2003 Anta [775], Indonesia K000182738
Jan 1, 2003 Cuadra, A. [A 3019], Malaysia K000182741
Jan 1, 2003 Kadir [A 3540], Malaysia K000182740
Jan 1, 2003 Cuadra, A. [A 1297], Malaysia K000182739
Jan 1, 2003 Cuadra, A. [A 3186], Malaysia K000182742
Jan 1, 2003 Hondi [112], Indonesia K000182794
Jan 1, 2003 Polak, E. [714], Indonesia K000182788
Jan 1, 2003 Madani, L. [111352], Malaysia K000182791
Jan 1, 2003 Winkler, H. [2179], Indonesia K000182792
Jan 1, 2003 Winkler, H. [2156], Indonesia K000182793
Jan 1, 2003 Amin et al. [60060], Malaysia K000182786
Jan 1, 2003 Henderson, M.R. [20543], Indonesia K000182785
Jan 1, 2003 Mamit, J.D. [33406], Malaysia K000182795
Jan 1, 2003 Hose, C. [684], Malaysia K000182797
Jan 1, 2003 Banyeng et al. [56664], Malaysia K000182536
Jan 1, 2003 Endert, F.H. [3274], Indonesia K000182502
Jan 1, 2003 Forman, L.L. [450], Indonesia K000182535
Jan 1, 2003 Ilias Pa'ie [22919], Malaysia K000182533
Jan 1, 2003 Purseglove, J.W. [4443], Malaysia K000182531
Jan 1, 2003 Abang Mohtar [48035], Malaysia K000182528
Jan 1, 2003 Anderson, J.A.R. [18576], Malaysia K000182534
Jan 1, 2003 Harviland [563], Malaysia K000182524
Jan 1, 2003 Ilias [43943], Malaysia K000182523
Jan 1, 2003 Maullon, J.L. [6742], Malaysia K000182526
Jan 1, 2003 Cuandra, A. [2467], Malaysia K000182504
Jan 1, 2003 Anta [481], Indonesia K000184526
Jan 1, 2003 Bacon, P.S. [205], Indonesia K000184527
Jan 1, 2003 Whitmore [3184], Indonesia K000184585
Jan 1, 2003 de Wilde [19546], Indonesia K000223388
Jan 1, 2003 Kadir [960], Malaysia K000182505
Jan 1, 2003 Kessler et al. [PK 1651], Indonesia K000182506
Jan 1, 2003 Laman, T.G. et al. [518], Indonesia K000182508
Jan 1, 2003 Ambriansyah [AA 1156], Indonesia K000270888
Jan 1, 2003 Ambri [W 617], Indonesia K000182510
Jan 1, 2003 Kessler et al. [PK 2176], Indonesia K000182509
Jan 1, 2003 Cuadra, A. [3099], Malaysia K000182517
Jan 1, 2003 Cuadra, A. [A 1496], Malaysia K000182516
Jan 1, 2003 Cuadra, A. [A 2395], Malaysia K000182514
Jan 1, 2003 Reza Azmi [396], Malaysia K000182513
Jan 1, 2003 Amin [108062], Malaysia K000182512
Jan 1, 2003 Kadir [A 2524], Malaysia K000182520
Jan 1, 2003 Harvey [105], Malaysia K000182518
Jan 1, 2003 Harvey [104], Malaysia K000182521
Jan 1, 2003 Kostermans, A. [13543], Indonesia K000182677
Jan 1, 2003 Beccari, O. [695], Malaysia K000182680
Jan 1, 2003 Anderson, J.A.R. [12739], Malaysia K000182681
Jan 1, 2003 Motley, J. [783], Indonesia K000182682
Jan 1, 2003 Elmer, D.E. [21095], Malaysia K000182678
Jan 1, 2003 Bernstein, J.H. [47], Brunei K000182676
Jan 1, 2003 Vidal, S. [1637], Philippines K000182664
Jan 1, 2003 Bermejos, J. [189], Philippines K000182666
Jan 1, 2003 Foxworthy, F.W. [762], Philippines K000182667
Jan 1, 2003 Stone [220], Philippines K000182671
Jan 1, 2003 Curran, H.M. [3486], Philippines K000182672
Jan 1, 2003 Fernandez, R. [21484], Philippines K000182683
Jan 1, 2003 Soejarto, D.D. [6644], Philippines K000182685
Jan 1, 2003 Celestino, M. [23083], Philippines K000182686
Jan 1, 2003 Kostermans, A. [17], Indonesia K000826542
Jan 1, 2003 Kostermans, A. [270], Indonesia K000826543
Jan 1, 2003 Cuadra, A. [2468], Malaysia K000826684
Jan 1, 2003 Lumau [2262], Malaysia K000182752
Jan 1, 2003 Abar bin adar [32472], Indonesia K000182796
Jan 1, 2003 Kadir [A2500], Malaysia K000182519
Jan 1, 2003 Native Collector [Richards no 2603], Malaysia K000182529
Jan 1, 2003 Ilias et al [51582], Malaysia K000182511
Jan 1, 2003 Kadir [A 2683], Malaysia K000182515
Jan 1, 2003 Elmer, A.D.E. [13004], Philippines K000182679
Jan 1, 2003 Amin et al. [111696], Malaysia K000182789
Jan 1, 2003 Native Collector [Richards no 1247], Malaysia K000182530
Jan 1, 2003 Lumau [2262], Malaysia K000182753
Jan 1, 2003 Kadir bin Abdul [2875], Malaysia K000182503
Jan 1, 2003 Sibat ak Luang [24531], Malaysia K000182532
Jan 1, 2003 Shea [28153], Indonesia K000182787
Jan 1, 2003 Boerlage [s.n.], Indonesia K000184584
Jan 1, 2003 Cuadra, A. [2499], Malaysia K000826683
Jan 1, 2003 Beccari, O. [1752], Malaysia K000182522
Jan 1, 2003 Curran, H.M. [3783], Philippines K000182668
Jan 1, 2003 Cenabre, A.L. [29235], Philippines K000182661
Jan 1, 2003 Vidal, S. [487], Philippines K000182665
Jan 1, 2003 John [617], Malaysia K000826687
Jan 1, 2003 Cuadra, A. [3043], Malaysia K000826694
Jan 1, 2003 Puasa [4181], Malaysia K000182851
Jan 1, 2003 Patrick P. [1874], Malaysia K000826696
Jan 1, 2003 Geesink, R. et al. [7294], Thailand K000223295
Jan 1, 2003 Dickason, F.G. [6812], Burma K000184592
Jan 1, 2003 Cuadra, A. [2215], Malaysia K000826685
Jan 1, 2003 Cuadra, A. [A 1063], Malaysia K000182778
Jan 1, 2003 Buwalda, P. [7965], Indonesia K000182790
Jan 1, 2003 Fénix, E. [15649], Philippines K000182663
Jan 1, 2003 Clemens [21040], Malaysia K000182527
Jan 1, 2003 Merrill, E.D. [451], Philippines K000182673
Jan 1, 2003 Henderson, M.R. [SFN20343], Indonesia K000182784
Jan 1, 2003 Elmer, A.D.E. [12660], Philippines K000182662
Jan 1, 2003 Main [1985], Indonesia K000270932
Jan 1, 2003 Merrill, E.D. [502], Philippines K000182669
Jan 1, 2003 Elmer, A.D.E. [20101], Malaysia K000182674
Jan 1, 2003 Francis et al. [108147], Malaysia K000182782
Jan 1, 2003 Stone [307], Philippines K000182670
Jan 1, 2003 Wiriadinata, H. [642], Indonesia K000182507
Jan 1, 2003 Gaerlan, F.J.M. [10138], Philippines K000182684
Jan 1, 2003 Cuadra, A. [1246], Malaysia K000826695
Jan 1, 2003 Anta [1211], Indonesia K000826544
Jan 1, 2003 Hose, C. [223], Malaysia K000182525
Jan 1, 2003 Cuadra, A. [2469], Malaysia K000826693
Jan 1, 2003 Rahman [6753], Malaysia K000826682
Jan 1, 2003 Sanghachand [1559], Thailand K000184569
Jan 1, 2003 Rahim, A. [5475], Malaysia K000826686
Oct 1, 2002 Lugas, L. [2939], Malaysia K000672968
Oct 1, 2002 Lugas, L. [362], Malaysia K000672969
Jun 22, 2000 Suppiah, T. [11823], Malaysia K000670970
Jun 22, 2000 Bray, P.S. [11754], Malaysia K000670961
Jun 22, 2000 Suppiah, T. [28270], Malaysia K000670968
Jun 22, 2000 Cockburn, P.J. [7603], Malaysia K000670913
Jun 22, 2000 Ng, F.S.P. [1066], Malaysia K000670972
Jun 22, 2000 Chua, L. [39176], Malaysia K000670914
Jun 22, 2000 Chan, Y.C. [16951], Malaysia K000670967
Jun 22, 2000 Whitmore, T.C. [0523], Malaysia K000670969
Jun 22, 2000 Cockburn, P.F. [7715], Malaysia K000670966
Jun 22, 2000 Loh, H.S. [6976], Malaysia K000670971
Jan 1, 1997 Lugas, L. [2394], Malaysia K000826675
Jan 1, 1997 Tadong, L. [123], Malaysia K000826676
Jan 1, 1997 Bakia, K. [55], Malaysia K000826692
Jan 1, 1997 Andau, D. [309], Malaysia K000826690
Jan 1, 1997 Sambuling, S. [437], Malaysia K000826691
Jan 1, 1997 Sambuling, S. [235], Malaysia K000826688
Jan 1, 1997 Tadong, D. [342], Malaysia K000826678
Jan 1, 1997 Rumutom, M. [116], Malaysia K000826677
Jan 1, 1997 Tadong, D. [385], Malaysia K000826689
Jan 1, 1997 Akungsai Bakia [78], Malaysia K000826680
Jan 1, 1996 Kessler, P. [557], Indonesia K000826495
Apr 1, 1995 Sudin, S. [024], Indonesia K000826546
Jan 1, 1995 Simpson, D.A. [2627], Brunei K000182730
Jan 1, 1995 Ashton, P.S. [706], Brunei K000182729
Jan 1, 1995 Coode, M.J.E. [6368], Brunei K000182736
Jan 1, 1995 Atkins, S. [522], Brunei K000182732
Jan 1, 1995 Atkins, S. [522], Brunei K000182731
Jan 1, 1994 Coode, M.J.E. [7355], Brunei K000182735
Jan 1, 1994 Coode, M.J.E. [7355], Brunei K000182734
Jan 1, 1994 Niga Nangkat [375], Brunei K000182733
Aug 1, 1953 Borssum Waalkes, J. van [2524], Indonesia K000826552
Harrison, S.G. [1551], Guyana 6419.000
Smith, C. [6708], Malaysia K000670974
Bonar, H.T. [6329], Malaysia K000670975
Schomburgk, R. [48], Singapore K000670979
Suppiah, T. [11442], Malaysia K000670982
Chan, Y.C. [13221], Malaysia K000670983
Lindong [53943], Malaysia K000670898
Asri, M. [021887], Malaysia K000670912
Hardial [8], Malaysia K000670918
Everett, B. [14182], Malaysia K000670925
Mohamed [2000], Malaysia K000670927
Dris, M. [6345], Malaysia K000670960
Abu [3326], Malaysia K000670964
Chan, Y.C. [6832], Malaysia K000670986
Bacon, P.S. [205], Indonesia K000699280
Iwatsuki, k. [1683], Indonesia K000699282
Boschproefstation [2978], Indonesia K000699287
s.coll. [s.n.] K000699290
Netherlands Indies Forest Services [29440], Indonesia K000699293
Vriese, W.H. de [s.n.], Indonesia K000699308
Zollinger, H. [229], Indonesia K000699310
Soegandiredja [33], Indonesia K000699314
Utja [6977], Indonesia K000699318
Dilmy, A. [6369], Indonesia K000699321
Elbert, J. [4677], Indonesia K000699324
Kessler, P. [823], Indonesia K000826497
Kessler, P. [823], Indonesia K000826498
Kessler, P. [79], Indonesia K000826541
Jacobs, M. [4926], Indonesia K000826550
Koorders, S.H. [24779], Indonesia K000826669
Sundaling, D. [88650], Malaysia K000826703
Chai, P. [39689], Malaysia K000826712
D.F.O., Kuala Lumpur [37562], Malaysia K000670906
Horsfield, T. [3], Indonesia K000699312
Zollinger, H. [229], Indonesia K000699311
Amin [108121], Malaysia K000826699
Damanhuri [36003], Malaysia K000670977
Mohtar, A. [52954], Malaysia K000826710
Whitmore, T.C. [3007], Malaysia K000670922
Flenley, J.R. [64], Malaysia K000670985
Lindong [53943], Malaysia K000670904
Boschproefstation [1998], Indonesia K000699317
Hamid, A. [3279], Malaysia K000670973
Aziz, Abd. [0742], Malaysia K000670929
Kessler, P. [815], Indonesia K000826496
Maingay, A.C. [1204], Malaysia K000670980
Wiriadinata, H. [1229], Indonesia K000826533
Boschproefstation [6621], Indonesia K000699288
Henderson, M.R. [SFN28943], Malaysia K000670903
Sahat [1913], Malaysia K000670928
Kloss, C.B. [122], Malaysia K000670900
Cantley, N. [17], Malaysia K000670897
Kloss, C.B. [6607], Malaysia K000670915
Achmadar [1605], Indonesia K000699289
James [34606], Malaysia K000826709
Mansus [69930], Malaysia K000826700
Suppiah, M. [104555], Malaysia K000670923
Abu [2288], Malaysia K000670917
Ng, F.S.P. [98790], Malaysia K000670920
Yapp, R.H. [82], Malaysia K000670907
Hamid, A. [33872], Malaysia K000670987
Apastol, L. [A55], Malaysia K000826537
Asdat [12], Indonesia K000699281
Sidyasa, K. [PBU207], Indonesia K000826494
Gilbert [323], Indonesia K000699316
Anonymous [14938], Malaysia K000670909
Madius, S. [50088], Malaysia K000826701
Maikin, L. [55934], Malaysia K000826698
Chow, J. [75921], Malaysia K000826702
Ng, F.S.P. [98790], Malaysia K000670919
Wasijat [6433], Indonesia K000699319
Jones, B.L. [198], Malaysia K000826681
Kadir [23], Malaysia K000826697
Corner, E.J.H. [SFN25765], Malaysia K000670905
Soegandiredja [33], Indonesia K000699313
Jacobs, M. [4885], Indonesia K000826551
Banyeng [28122], Malaysia K000826704
Wyatt Smith, J. [71145], Malaysia K000670902
Haniff, M. [SFN13271], Malaysia K000670959
Anthony [A771], Malaysia K000826536
Buwalda, P. [7441], Indonesia K000699306
Hamid, Th. [2350], Malaysia K000670916
Kamarudin [28649], Malaysia K000670965
Robinson, H.C. [2450], Indonesia K000699283
Anonymous [14939], Malaysia K000670910
Othman, H. [54377], Malaysia K000826711
Nedi [390], Indonesia K000699320
Everett, B. [14069], Malaysia K000670984
Robinson, H.C. [6455], Malaysia K000670908
Wiriadinata, H. [1337], Indonesia K000826532
Teruya, Z. [466], Malaysia K000670921
Colomb, R.E. [2158], Malaysia K000670962
James [34606], Malaysia K000826708
Rossum, van [11], Indonesia K000699291
Whitmore, T.C. [15388], Malaysia K000670901
Koorders, S.H. [24779], Indonesia K000826670
Lee, B. [40611], Malaysia K000826705
Ang Khoon Cheng [23448], Malaysia K000670926
Kuswata [117], Indonesia K000699323
Kloss, C.B. [14529], Indonesia K000699284
Meyer, A.B. [s.n.], Indonesia K000699322
Chai, P. [18944], Malaysia K000826706
Scortechini, B. [s.n.], Malaysia K000670899
Cuadra, A. [A3179], Malaysia K000826535
Marsemi [3], Indonesia K000826540
Forester Harris [4766], Malaysia K000670958
Usope, M. [582], Malaysia K000670963
Scortechini, B. [77], Malaysia K000670896
Lörzing, J.A. [13327], Indonesia K000699292
Kamarul Hisham, M. [52185], Malaysia K000670911
Everett, B. [13846], Malaysia K000670924
Selvaraj, P. [11168], Malaysia K000670976
Griffith, W. [s.n.], Malaysia K000670978
Wiriadinata, H. [872], Indonesia K000826534
Horsfield, T. [3], Indonesia K000699307
Karta [311], Indonesia K000699315
Mamit, J.D. [35107], Malaysia K000826707
Vriese, W.H. de [s.n.], Indonesia K000699309
Keenan, R.L. [s.n.], India K000670981
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1747], Myanmar Vitex arborea K001114072
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 1747], Myanmar Vitex arborea K001114073
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 1747], Myanmar Vitex arborea K001114074
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1747], India Vitex arborea K001114077
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1747] Vitex arborea K001114068
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1747] Vitex arborea K001114076
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1747] Vitex arborea K001114070
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1747] Vitex arborea K001114071
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1747] Vitex arborea K001114078
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1747], Malaysia Vitex arborea K001114079
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1747] Vitex arborea K001114075
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 1747] Vitex arborea K001114069

First published in Sp. Pl.: 638 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Beaman, J.H. & Anderson, C. (2004). The Plants of Mount Kinabalu 5: 1-609. Natural history publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia.
  • Bramley, G.L.C. (2019). Flora Malesiana 23: 1-444. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • National Parks Board Singapore (2006). Vascular Plant Life Checklist Pulau Ubin www.nparks.gov.sg/nparks_cms/cms/cmsmgr/data/6/PlantChkList.xls.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
  • de Kok, R. (2008). The genus Vitex (Labiatae) in the Flora Malesiana region, excluding New Guinea Kew Bulletin 63: 17-40.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Bramley, G.L.C. (2019). Flora Malesiana 23: 1-444. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Bulletin
Kew Bulletin
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Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
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