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This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Somalia to Mozambique.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Verbenaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1992

Morphology General Habit
Shrub 2.4–3 m. or tree 8–10 m. tall; bark grey-brown, smooth; innovations grey-tomentose; branches slender, 4-angled, densely spreading pubescent with brown hairs, at length ± glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves (3–)5-foliolate; leaflets elliptic to elliptic-lanceolate, 1.2–17 cm. long, 1.5–6 cm. wide, acuminate or less often rounded at the apex, acute to attenuate at the base, slightly scabrid above, densely pubescent with brown hairs beneath, longer on main venation, glandular; petioles 2.5–9 cm. long; petiolules ± 0–2.3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences short, axillary near the apices of the branchlets, 2–3(–5) cm. long, 2 cm. wide, several-flowered; peduncles 1–1.2 cm. long, brown pubescent; pedicels filiform, 1.5–6 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx campanulate, 1.5–2 mm. long, shallowly toothed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white, the lobe-tips cream or pale yellow, hypocrateriform; tube 2–2.5(–4 fide Moldenke) mm. long; lobes oblong-ovate 2 mm. long, 1.5 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits violet or purple, 5 mm. diameter.
Habitat
Euphorbia, Commiphora, Strychnos bushland, Acacia scrub and thicket, often riverine or black clay; 5–550 m.
Distribution
K7 T8

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol 8, Pt 7. Avicenniaceae, R. Fernandes. Nesogenaceae, M.A. Diniz. Verbenaceae, R. Fernandes. Lamiaceae, R. Fernandes. 2005.

Type
Type from Tanzania.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens clearly exserted from corolla tube; filaments glabrous Stamens clearly exserted from corolla tube; filaments glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary globose, gland-dotted at rounded apex, glabrous; style c. 2 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupe 0.5–0.7 × 0.4–0.6 cm, obovoid-spherical, black at maturity; fruiting calyx thinly saucer-shaped, pubescent, gland-dotted. Drupe 0.5–0.7 × 0.4–0.6 cm, obovoid-spherical, black at maturity; fruiting calyx thinly saucer-shaped, pubescent, gland-dotted.
Ecology
Mixed deciduous woodlands with Combretum , Commiphora , Colophospermum mopane and Terminalia spp ., at low altitudes, and in riverine thickets and woodland, often on termite mounds, on alluvium and sandy soils; 200–1500 m.
Note
  V. schliebenii is the only species in the Flora Zambesiaca region in which the calyx is 4-toothed, the corolla 4-lobed and the style distinctly bifid.
Distribution
District code: ZIM W, ZIM E, MAL N, MAL S, MOZ T, MOZ MS, Mozambique Malawi Zimbabwe Also in Kenya and Tanzania.
Morphology General Habit
Straggling shrub to 3 m or tree to 12 m tall with upper branches scandent; bark fissured, grey-brown; older stems grey-brown tomentose; young stems 4-angled toward the apex, pale yellow tomentose. Straggling shrub to 3 m or tree to 12 m tall with upper branches scandent; bark fissured, grey-brown; older stems grey-brown tomentose; young stems 4-angled toward the apex, pale yellow tomentose
Morphology Leaves
Leaves (3)5-foliolate; petioles 4–12 cm long, terete; median petiolules 0.3–3 cm long; leaflets 4–14 × 2.5–5.5 cm, median leaflet largest, elliptic to oblong-elliptic or obovate, acuminate or occasionally rounded at the apex, cuneate at the base, entire to occasionally dentate toward the apex; upper surface ± scabridulous with reticulation slightly sunken; lower surface paler, pubescent with hairs longer on the nerves, densely gland-dotted. Leaves (3)5-foliolate; petioles 4–12 cm long, terete; median petiolules 0.3–3 cm long; leaflets 4–14 × 2.5–5.5 cm, median leaflet largest, elliptic to oblong-elliptic or obovate, acuminate or occasionally rounded at the apex, cuneate at the base, entire to occasionally dentate toward the apex; upper surface ± scabridulous with reticulation slightly sunken; lower surface paler, pubescent with hairs longer on the nerves, densely gland-dotted
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary or sometimes appearing terminal, of short slender few-flowered panicles, 1–5 cm long, creamy tomentose; peduncles spreading, sometimes horizontally, 1–1.4 cm long, pedicels filiform, 1.5–6 mm long; bracteoles 1–5 mm long, linear. Inflorescences axillary or sometimes appearing terminal, of short slender few-flowered panicles, 1–5 cm long, creamy tomentose; peduncles spreading, sometimes horizontally, 1–1.4 cm long, pedicels filiform, 1.5–6 mm long; bracteoles 1–5 mm long, linear
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers actinomorphic, c. 5 mm long, aromatic. Flowers actinomorphic, c. 5 mm long, aromatic
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx campanulate, 4-toothed, gland-dotted, pubescent, accrescent in fruit; tube c. 1.5 mm long; lobes 0.3 mm long, erect. Calyx campanulate, 4-toothed, gland-dotted, pubescent, accrescent in fruit; tube c. 1.5 mm long; lobes 0.3 mm long, erect
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 4-lobed, ± actinomorphic, 3–5 mm long, pubescent and gland-dotted outside, hairy in the throat; tube white or mauve, 2.5 mm long, straight; lobes yellow or mauve, spreading to reflexed, the 2 lower lobes 2 × 1.5–2 mm, the 2 upper lobes somewhat smaller. Corolla 4-lobed, ± actinomorphic, 3–5 mm long, pubescent and gland-dotted outside, hairy in the throat; tube white or mauve, 2.5 mm long, straight; lobes yellow or mauve, spreading to reflexed, the 2 lower lobes 2 × 1.5–2 mm, the 2 upper lobes somewhat smaller
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary globose, gland-dotted at rounded apex, glabrous; style c. 2 mm long.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1–4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree; young branches densely pubescent with spreading brownish hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3–5-foliolate; leaflets elliptic to elliptic-lanceolate, 3–17 x 1.5–6 cm, acuminate or sometimes rounded at the apex, attenuate at the base, with margins entire or almost so, slightly scabrid above, densely pubescent with brownish hairs and glandular beneath; petiole 2.5–9 cm long; leaflets sessile or with petiolules up to c. 2 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary near the tips of the branchlets, 1–3(–5) cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 1.5–2 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white with pale yellow lobe-tips; tube 2–2.5 mm long, the lobes c. 2 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit c. 5 mm in diam.

Native to:

Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania, Zimbabwe

Vitex schliebenii Moldenke appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2008 Tawakali [144], Malawi K000479818
Nov 1, 2007 Festo [2403], Kenya K000479596
Jun 30, 1979 Schlieben, H. [6008], Tanzania K000192772 isotype

First published in Phytologia 7: 85 (1959)

Accepted by

  • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
  • Fernandes, R. & Diniz, M.A. (2005). Avicenniaceae, Nesogenaceae, Verbenaceae and Lamiaceae (subfams, Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7): 1-161. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • F.T.E.A., Verbenaceae: 57 (1992).
  • Kew Bull. 56 : 202 (2001).
  • M. Coates Palgrave, ed. 3 of K. Coates Palgrave, Trees South. Africa: 987 (2002).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Mold. in Phytologia 7: 85 (1959).
  • Vollesen in Opera Bot. 59: 83 (1980).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0