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This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Verbenaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1992

Morphology General Habit
Habit very variable; shrub 4–5 m. or tree 5–16(–24) m. tall and 1.3 m. diameter at breast height or scandent shrub to genuine liane; bark yellowish or brown, gnarled, flaking and longitudinally fissured or striated; underbark bright yellow with red streaks; stems grey, ± glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with pungent odour, 3–5-foliolate; leaflets sessile, oblong-lanceolate to lanceolate, 3–13 cm. long, 1–6.5 cm. wide, long-acuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base, entire, ± glabrous but gland-dotted above and beneath; petiole winged or unwinged, 1.5–9 cm. long, 0.2–1 cm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicles terminal and axillary combined and lower axillary ones also sometimes present, extensive, ± 15 cm. long, 6–15 cm. wide; peduncles 3–7 cm. long; pedicels obsolete or very short, axes densely adpressed pubescent; bracts linear, 1 cm. long; bracteoles narrowly triangular, 1 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 1–1.5 mm. long, ribbed, adpressed pubescent and glandular, shallowly toothed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white, bluish purple or mauve, adpressed pubescent outside; tube 3–4 mm. long, densely pubescent and glandular, limb 7 mm. wide, the small lobes 2.5 mm. long and wide and larger lip 3–5 mm. long, 3–3.5 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit orange to black, globose, 8–10 mm. diameter, juicy, the juice dark blue; calycine cup plate-like, 4–5.5 mm. wide.
Habitat
Deciduous coastal thicket and dry forest, particularly at edges, woodland; 0–10 & 360–600 m.
Distribution
K7 T3 T6 T8

Doubtfully present in:

Mozambique

Native to:

Kenya, Tanzania

Vitex zanzibarensis Vatke appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Hildebrandt, J.M. [1303] K000192769

First published in Linnaea 43: 533 (1882)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 5: 318 (1900).
  • Gürke in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 339 (1895), as “sansibarensis”.
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 642 (1949).
  • Pieper in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 62 Beibl. 141: 53 (1928).
  • Vatke in Linnaea 43: 533 (1882).
  • Vollesen in Opera Bot. 59: 83 (1980).

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0