Volkameria inermis L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 637 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Tropical & Subtropical Asia to W. Pacific. It is a climber and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome.

Distribution

Native to:

Andaman Is., Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, Caroline Is., China Southeast, Fiji, Gilbert Is., India, Japan, Jawa, Laccadive Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maldives, Maluku, Marianas, Marshall Is., Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicobar Is., Niue, Northern Territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Queensland, Samoa, Solomon Is., South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya

Introduced into:

Libya, Line Is., Phoenix Is., Tunisia

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Bramley, G.L.C. (2019). Flora Malesiana 23: 1-444. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Leeratiwong, C. & Chantaranothai, P. (2014). The genus Volkameria L. (Lamiaceae) in Thailand. Thai Journal of Botany 6: 107-113.
  • Yuan, Y.W., Mabberley, D.J., Steane, D.A. & Olmstead, R.G. (2010). Further disintegration and redefinition of Clerodendrum (Lamiaceae). Implications for the understanding of the evolution of an intriguing breeding strategy. Taxon 59: 125-133.

An alternative taxonomy had been proposed by the following authorities:

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Clerodendrum inerme.]

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Ananda Rao, T. & Ellis, J.L. (1995). Flora of Lakshadweep islands off the Malabar coast, peninsular India, with emphasis on phytogeographical distribution of plants. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 19: 235-250.
  • Debnath, H.S. (2004). Mangroves of Andaman & Nicobar islands: taxonomy and ecology: 1-133. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Fosberg, F.R. & Sachet, M.-H. (1987). Flora of the Gilbert Island, Kiribati, Checklist. Atoll Research Bulletin 295: 1-33.
  • Fosberg, F.R. & Stoddard, D.R. (1994). Flora of the Phoenix Islands, Central Pacific. Atoll Research Bulletin 393: 1-60.
  • Gardner, R.O. (2011). Trees and shrubs of Niue: an identification guide to the island's indigenous and naturalised woody plants: 1-244. R.O. Gardner, Auckland, New Zealand.
  • Morat, P. & Veillon, J.-M. (1985). Contributions à la conaissance de la végétation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 7: 259-329.
  • Tagane, S. & al. (2017). Bokor National Park. A picture guide of forest trees in Cambodia 4: 1-774. Center for Asian Conservation Ecology, Kyushu University, Japan.
  • Thaman, R.R., Fosberg, F.R., Manner, H.I. & Hassall, D.C. (1994). The Flora of Nauru. Atoll Research Bulletin 392: 1-223.
  • Turner, I.M., Xing, F. & Corlett, R.T. (2000). An annotated check-list of the vascular plants of the South China Sea and its shores. The Raffles bulletin of Zoology, Suppl. 8: 23-116.
  • Wester, L. (1985). Checklist of the vascular plants of the Northern Line Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 287: 1-38.
  • Woodroffe, C.D. (1985). Vegetation and flora of Nui Atoll, Tuvalu. Atoll Research Bulletin 283: 1-18.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Aug 19, 2016 Joel [SAN150257], Sabah K000939145 No
Nov 1, 2013 Johns [12565], Papua New Guinea K000938226 No
Jan 1, 2012 Imin [FRI 70027], Malaya K000735425 No
Jan 1, 2008 Romero [37529], Philippines Clerodendrum inerme K000479866 No
Jan 10, 2007 Guittou, Riri. et al. [14], Madagascar Clerodendrum inerme K000247766 No
Jan 1, 2007 Piskaut [20226], Papua New Guinea Clerodendrum inerme K000247857 No
Jan 1, 2003 Barbon [5583], Philippines Clerodendrum inerme K000803846 No
Jan 1, 2003 Romero, E.M. [15535], Philippines Clerodendrum inerme K000803845 No
Mar 27, 2002 Whitmore, T.C. [12982], Malaysia Clerodendrum inerme K000248962 No
Mar 27, 2002 Ng, F.S.P. [5030], Malaysia Clerodendrum inerme K000248963 No
Mar 27, 2002 Noor, M. [52], Malaysia Clerodendrum inerme K000248964 No
Feb 1, 2001 Willis, F.R. [63], Indonesia Clerodendrum inerme 72278.000 No
Jan 1, 2001 Johns, R.J. [9649], Papua New Guinea Clerodendrum inerme K000172027 No
Jan 1, 2001 Shea, G. [7356], Papua New Guinea Clerodendrum inerme K000172026 No
Jan 1, 2001 Willis, F.R. [63], Indonesia Clerodendrum inerme K000171992 No
Jan 1, 2001 Romero, E.M. [29116], Philippines Clerodendrum inerme K000803847 No
Jan 1, 2001 Willis, F.R. [63], Indonesia Clerodendrum inerme K000804872 No
Jan 1, 1997 Sands, M.J.S. [6467], Indonesia Clerodendrum inerme K000804874 No
Jan 1, 1997 Sands, M.J.S. [6467], Indonesia Clerodendrum inerme K000804875 No
Jan 1, 1978 Croft, J.R. [NGF15529], Papua New Guinea Clerodendrum inerme K000804893 No
Jan 1, 1978 Croft, J. [LAE61303], Papua New Guinea Clerodendrum inerme K000804881 No
Jan 1, 1921 Janowski, R.F. [526], Indonesia Clerodendrum inerme K000804897 No
Jan 1, 1911 Gjellerup, K. [292], Indonesia Clerodendrum inerme K000804894 No
Jan 1, 1909 Versteeg, G.M. [1007], Indonesia Clerodendrum inerme K000804895 No
Jan 1, 1909 Branderhorst, B. [153], Indonesia Clerodendrum inerme K000804898 No
Jan 1, 1908 Versteeg, G.M. [1840], Indonesia Clerodendrum inerme K000804896 No
Imin, K. [58602], Malaysia Clerodendrum inerme K000784963 No
s.coll. [s.n.], Singapore Clerodendrum inerme K000248971 No
J.C. [1454], Malaysia Clerodendrum inerme K000248969 No
Shah, M. [757], Singapore Clerodendrum inerme K000248966 No
Griffith, W. [297], Malaysia Clerodendrum inerme K000249053 No
Griffith, W. [s.n.], Malaysia Clerodendrum inerme K000249054 No
Hardial [120], Singapore Clerodendrum inerme K000249102 No
Loher, A. [4426], Philippines Clerodendrum inerme K000803854 No
Williams, R.S. [321], Philippines Clerodendrum inerme K000803855 No
Simeon, M. [28710], Philippines Clerodendrum inerme K000803857 No
Hinds, R.B. [s.n.], Papua New Guinea Clerodendrum inerme K000804870 No
Kanehira [13084], Indonesia Clerodendrum inerme K000804877 No
Royen, P. van [3113], Indonesia Clerodendrum inerme K000804885 No
Brass, L.J. [853], Papua New Guinea Clerodendrum inerme K000804900 No
Stevens, P.F. [LAE50150], Papua New Guinea Clerodendrum inerme K000804902 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1788] Clerodendrum inerme K001114185 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1788] Clerodendrum inerme K001114186 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1788] Clerodendrum inerme K001114187 Yes
Robinson, H.C. [5768], Thailand Clerodendrum inerme K000249049 No
Deschamps, E. [s.n.], Singapore Clerodendrum inerme K000249058 No
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1788], Myanmar Clerodendrum inerme K001114184 No
Robinson, H.C. [s.n.], Malaysia Clerodendrum inerme K000249048 No
Curtis, C. [2782], Malaysia Clerodendrum inerme K000249057 No
Robinson, H.C. [s.n.], Malaysia Clerodendrum inerme K000248972 No
Hollrung, M. [42], Papua New Guinea Clerodendrum inerme K000804882 No
Symington, C.F. [37357], Malaysia Clerodendrum inerme K000249052 No
Millar, A.N. [NGF35301], Papua New Guinea Clerodendrum inerme K000804901 No
Vidal, S. [3026], Philippines Clerodendrum inerme K000803850 No
Henty, E.E. [NGF11516], Papua New Guinea Clerodendrum inerme K000804887 No
Henty, E.E. [NGF29496], Papua New Guinea Clerodendrum inerme K000804889 No
Vidal, S. [1649], Philippines Clerodendrum inerme K000803859 No
Darbyshire, P.J. [746], Papua New Guinea Clerodendrum inerme K000804869 No
Elmer, A.D.E. [8121], Philippines Clerodendrum inerme K000803852 No
Kunstler, H. [59], Singapore Clerodendrum inerme K000249056 No
Spare, G. [SFN773], Malaysia Clerodendrum inerme K000249046 No
Yapp, R.H. [376], Malaysia Clerodendrum inerme K000249059 No
Royen, P. van [3355], Indonesia Clerodendrum inerme K000804884 No
Teo, L.E. [503], Malaysia Clerodendrum inerme K000248967 No
Pleyte, D.R. [364], Indonesia Clerodendrum inerme K000804892 No
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1788] Clerodendrum inerme K001114182 Yes
Teruya, Z. [774], Malaysia Clerodendrum inerme K000249051 No
Hou, D. [139], Singapore Clerodendrum inerme K000248961 No
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1788] Clerodendrum inerme K001114183 Yes
Turnau, E.A. [748], Malaysia Clerodendrum inerme K000248960 No
Maingay, A.C. [1771], Malaysia Clerodendrum inerme K000249055 No
Micholitz, W. [s.n.], Philippines Clerodendrum inerme K000803849 No
Gillison, A.N. [NGF22082], Papua New Guinea Clerodendrum inerme K000804883 No
Widjaja [6363], Indonesia Clerodendrum inerme K000804873 No
Burkill, H.M. [257], Malaysia Clerodendrum inerme K000248973 No
Price, W.R. [46], Malaysia Clerodendrum inerme K000248968 No
Edaño, G.E. [39474], Philippines Clerodendrum inerme K000803858 No
White, K.J. [NGF10918], Papua New Guinea Clerodendrum inerme K000804886 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1788] Clerodendrum inerme K001114188 Yes
Kingdon Ward, F. [SFN37471], Thailand Clerodendrum inerme K000249104 No
Brown, R. [s.n.], Australia Clerodendrum inerme K000910261 Yes
MacGillivray, J. [444], Papua New Guinea Clerodendrum inerme K000804871 No
Brass, L.J. [21834], Papua New Guinea Clerodendrum inerme K000804880 No
Copeland, E.B. [124], Philippines Clerodendrum inerme K000803851 No
Loher, A. [4425], Philippines Clerodendrum inerme K000803853 No
Wyatt-Smith, J. [71338], Malaysia Clerodendrum inerme K000248965 No
Sands, M.J.S. [928], Papua New Guinea Clerodendrum inerme K000804888 No
Kanehira [13084], Indonesia Clerodendrum inerme K000804876 No
Fernandes, D. [397], Brazil Clerodendrum inerme K001218611 Yes
Ridley, H.N. [s.n.], Malaysia Clerodendrum inerme K000249047 No
Teruya, Z. [2226], Singapore Clerodendrum inerme K000249050 No
Hartley, T.G. [11068], Papua New Guinea Clerodendrum inerme K000804890 No
Brass, L.J. [27592], Papua New Guinea Clerodendrum inerme K000804878 No
Brass, L.J. [1181], Papua New Guinea Clerodendrum inerme K000804899 No
Teo, L.E. [3352], Malaysia Clerodendrum inerme K000248970 No
Hopkins, H.C.F. [1744], Papua New Guinea Clerodendrum inerme K000804891 No
Loher, A. [4424], Philippines Clerodendrum inerme K000803848 No
Brass, L.J. [8017], Papua New Guinea Clerodendrum inerme K000804879 No
s.coll. [s.n.], Philippines Clerodendrum inerme K000803856 No
Serviñas, V. [20669], Philippines Clerodendrum commersonii K000803822 No
Merrill, E.D. [813], Philippines Clerodendrum commersonii K000803823 No
Piper, C.V. [153], Philippines Clerodendrum commersonii K000803821 No

Sources

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images