Family:
Araceae Juss.

Cryptocoryne albida R.Parker

This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. India to S. Central China.

[CATE]

CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

Distribution

S. Myanmar (type), Thailand.

General Description

Deciduous herb to 1.8 m tall. Subterranean stem a subglobose tuber, 2–6 × 4–12 cm, cream. Pseudostem 40–110 cm long, plain green or with brown mottling. Leaves 1–2; cataphylls to 20 cm long, pink and brown mottled; petiole to 60 cm long, similar in colour to the pseudostem; leaf blade radiate; leaflets 7–22, ovate, 15–25 × 2–5 cm, margins undulate, apex acuminate, ending in a red-brown thread to 7 cm long, base cuneate, sessile or subsessile, leaflets plain green, sometimes with a paler midrib, underside glaucous. Inflorescence carried below the foliage; peduncle to 10 cm long, green or red-brown; spathe tube cylindrical, 5–10 × 2–4 cm, outside green with paler stripes, inside sometimes with carmine stripes, mouth margins widely recurved and more or less red-brown stained; spathe limb horizontal, ovate, 7–12 × 4–8 cm, outside green, flushed red-brown, inside pale green, tip ending in an acuminate, slender tail 10–35 cm long, this green or brown; spadix appendix exserted from the tube, ca 10 × 1.0–1.5 cm, stout, cylindrical, apex rounded, with a fluted middle part, light green, sessile or subsessile, with bristles inserted above the fertile part; fertile zone staminate or pistillate, exceptionally bisexual, slightly conical, to 5 × 2 cm; staminate flowers loosely arranged, 2–4-androus, anthers carmine, subsessile or sessile; thecae dehiscent by a rounded or oblong pore; pistillate flowers densely arranged; ovaries bottle-shaped, green; stigma apiculate, white. Infructescence on a nodding peduncle, conical, 6–12 × 3–6 cm; fruits red-orange when ripe, sometimes with a black annulus at apex, to 10 × 6 mm, apex rounded, up to 6 seeds per berry. Seeds globose, 2–6 mm diam.

Habitat

At low elevations on sandy and stony banks of streams. Emergent when flowering from December to April.

Native to:

Assam, Bangladesh, China South-Central, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand

Cryptocoryne albida R.Parker appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Apr 10, 1978 Kerr, A.F.G. [16385], Thailand K000291582 isolectotype Yes
Apr 10, 1978 Kerr, A.F.G. [16385], Thailand K000291583 isolectotype Yes
Apr 10, 1978 Kerr, A.F.G. [16385], Thailand K000291584 lectotype Yes
Aug 30, 1976 Parker, R.N. [2735], Myanmar K000291585 holotype Yes
Bogner, J. [10] 42448.000 No
Parker, R.N. [3089], Myanmar K000291586 isotype Yes

First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1931: 44 (1931)

Accepted by

  • Boyce, P.C., Sookchaloem, D., Hetterscheid, W.L.A., Gusman, G., Jacobsen, N., Idei, T. & Nguyen, V.D. (2012). Flora of Thailand 11(2): 101-325. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
  • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

  • CATE Araceae

    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0