Araceae Juss.

Cryptocoryne crispatula Engl.

This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. India to S. China and Indo-China.


CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

xuan bao yin bang hua
General Description
Rhizome sometimes with a metallic blue-gray color, 0.5–1cm in diam., irregularly thickened. Root system sometimes with many finely branched upright roots. Leaves green to brown, very variable, narrowly linear to lanceolate, 10–70 × 0.2–4cm, smooth to undulate to bullate, margin entire to finely, irregularly denticulate; broader leaf blades mostly with conspicuous lateral veins. Generally, two ecological leaf forms occur:
  1. plants that grow submerged for most of year, thus developing long flaccid-lax submerged leaves (sometimes also developing shorter, stiffer emergent leaves);
  2. plants that develop short terete leaves during rainy season and, when water level decreases, form normal emergent leaves at anthesis.
Spathe outside greenish to brownish, 10–40(–60)cm; kettle 1–2.5cm, inside somewhat constricted below male flowers, inside ± reddish (especially distally) and with alveolae (depressions in wall) in distal part; flap closing kettle sometimes ± purple spotted; tube slightly to somewhat twisted, 5–30(–45)cm; limb ± spirally twisted, yellowish to grayish, with short to long, purple to reddish markings, sometimes markings almost completely covering surface, or few and faint, or absent, (1.5–)3–8(–12)cm; collar not present. Spadix: female flowers 4–6, with horizontal to vertical, round to ovoid stigmas; olfactory bodies ± irregularly lobed with protruding cells; male flowers 90–130, thecae rough from protruding cells. Fruit splitting in a septicidal/septifragal-ceratium-like way, greenish to purplish, narrowly globose, 1–1.5cm, smooth. Seeds brownish, 5–8mm, rugose; endosperm present; embryo cone-shaped with an undifferentiated plumule.
Rivers, streams.
Fl. Dec.-Apr.

Native to:

Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam

Cryptocoryne crispatula Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jacobsen, N. [77-40], Thailand 42462.000 No

First published in Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 247 (1920)

Accepted by

  • Boyce, P.C., Sookchaloem, D., Hetterscheid, W.L.A., Gusman, G., Jacobsen, N., Idei, T. & Nguyen, V.D. (2012). Flora of Thailand 11(2): 101-325. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
  • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.


CATE Araceae

  • Hen(g) Li, Guang Hua Zhu, Boyce, P.C., Murata, J., Hetterscheid, W.L.A., Bogner, J. & Jacobsen, N. 2010. Araceae in Flora of China @

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Tanaka, N., Tanaka, N., Ohi-Toma, T. & Murata, J. (2007). New and noteworthy plant collections from Myanmar (2) The Journal of Japanese Botany 82: 266-273.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

  • CATE Araceae

    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.